Encyclopedia of Health Economics book cover

Encyclopedia of Health Economics

The Encyclopedia of Health Economics offers students, researchers and policymakers objective and detailed empirical analysis and clear reviews of current theories and polices. It helps practitioners such as health care managers and planners by providing accessible overviews into the broad field of health economics, including the economics of designing health service finance and delivery and the economics of public and population health. This encyclopedia provides an organized overview of this diverse field, providing one trusted source for up-to-date research and analysis of this highly charged and fast-moving subject area.

Students, researchers, and policy makers in health and related fields, in business, government, and academia

Hardbound, 1664 Pages

Published: March 2014

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-12-375678-7


  • The ... volumes have many strengths. They will be comprehensive, up to date, and linked to web sites with additional information. The papers to be included will be readable and therefore accessible to a wide audience. The plans to have more than one paper on the same subject and to include all schools of thought are especially appealing. The volume has in my view no weaknesses.

    Michael Grossman, National Bureau of Economic Research, USA


  • Demand for Health and Health Care
    Section Editor: Thomas G McGuire, Harvard Medical School, USA
    Collective Purchasing of Health Care
    Demand Cross Elasticities and ‘Offset Effects’
    Demand for Insurance That Nudges Demand
    Education and Health: Disentangling Causal Relationships from Associations
    Empirical Determinants of Health Care Demand
    Medical Decision Making and Demand
    Peer Effects, Social Networks, and Healthcare Demand
    Physician Management of Demand at the Point of Care
    Physician-Induced Demand
    Price Elasticity of Demand for Medical Care: The Evidence since the RAND Health Insurance Experiment
    Quality Reporting and Demand
    Rationing of Demand

    Determinants of Health and Ill-Health 
    Section Editors: John Cawley, Cornell University, USA and Kosali Simon, Cornell University, USA
    Aging: Conditions Early in Life and Health and Mortality at Advanced Ages
    Determinants of Mental Health
    Economics of Nutrition
    Economics of Smoking
    Education and Health
    Health Effects of Illegal Drug Use
    Intergenerational Effects on Health - In Utero and Early Life
    Macroeconomy and Health
    Peer Effects in Health Behaviors
    Pollution and Health
    Sex Work and Risky Sex in Developing Countries

    Economic Evaluation 
    Section Editors: Mark Sculpher, University of York, UK, John Brazier, University of Sheffield, UK
    and Anirban Basu, University of Washington, USA
    Analysis of Uncertainty in Economic Evaluation
    Budget-Impact Analysis
    Decision Analysis: Eliciting Experts’ Beliefs to Characterize Uncertainties
    Heterogeneity in Decision-Making about Health Interventions
    Incorporating Health Inequality Impacts into Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Infectious Disease Modeling
    Policy Responses to Uncertainty in Healthcare Resource Allocation Decision Processes
    Problem Structuring for Health Economic Model Development
    Quality Assessment in Modeling in Decision Analytic Models for Economic Evaluation
    Searching and Reviewing Nonclinical Evidence for Economic Evaluation
    Specification and Implementation of Decision Analytic Model Structures for Economic Evaluation of Health Care Technologies
    Statistical Issues in Economic Evaluations
    Synthesizing Clinical Evidence for Economic Evaluation
    Using Economic Evaluation to Support Health System Decisions about the Adoption of New Technologies
    Using Health State Utility Values in Cost-Effectiveness Modeling
    Using Observational Studies in Economic Evaluation
    Value of Information Analysis
    Value of Information Methods to Prioritize Research: Opportunities and Challenges for Practical Application
    Valuing Informal Care for Economic Evaluation

    Efficiency and Equity 
    Section Editors : Aki Tsuchiya, University of Sheffield, UK and John Wildman, Newcastle University, UK
    Concepts of Efficiency in Health Care
    Efficiency and Equity in Health: Philosophical Considerations
    Efficiency of Resource Allocation Funding Formulae
    Equality of Opportunity in Health
    Evaluating Efficiency of a Health Care System in the Developed World
    Measuring Health Inequalities Using the Concentration Index Approach
    Measuring Vertical Inequity in the Delivery of Healthcare
    Need for Health and Need for Health Care
    Techniques for Measuring Equality and Equity in Health and Health Care
    Theory of System Level Efficiency in Health Care
    Welfarism and Extra-Welfarism
    What Impact Does Income Inequality Have on Individual Health?

    Global Health 
    Section Editors: Karen Grépin, New York University, USA and William G. Jack, Georgetown University, USA
    Determinants of Health Status in the Developing World
    Economics of HIV/AIDS: Transmission, Treatment, and Prevention
    Education and Health in Developing Economies
    Fertility and Population in Developing Countries: Implications for Public Health in the Twenty-First Century
    Health Labor Markets in Developing Countries
    Internal Geographical Imbalances: The Role of Human Resources Quality and Quantity
    Nutrition, health, and economic performance
    Preliminary and Incomplete - Not for Circulation or Citation
    Pricing and User Fees
    Water Supply and Sanitation

    Health and its Value
    Section Editor: Erik Nord, Norwegian Institute of Public Health
    Cost-Value Analysis
    Health and Its Value: Overview
    Incorporation of Concerns for Fairness in Economic Evaluation of Health Programs: Overview
    Measurement Properties of Valuation Techniques
    Multiattribute Utility Instruments and Their Use
    Multi-Attribute Utility Instruments: Condition-Specific Versions
    Programs: Overview
    Quality-Adjusted Life Years
    Techniques for Valuing Health States
    Time Preference and Discounting
    Utilities for Health States: Whom to Ask
    Willingness to Pay for Health

    Health and the Macroeconomy
    Section Editor: Richard Smith, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Assessing the Macroeconomic Effect of Infectious Disease Outbreaks
    Exploring Economics of Development Assistance in Health
    Global Health Initiatives and Financing for Health
    Global Public Goods and Health
    How International E-Health Impacts Upon National Health Systems
    How Medical Value Travel Impacts upon National Health Systems
    Impact of Health on Economic Growth - and of Growth on Health?
    International Movement of Capital in Health Services
    International Trade in Health Services and Health Impacts
    International Trade in Health Workers
    Macroeconomic Causes and Effects of Noncommunicable Disease: The Case of Diet and Obesity
    Macroeconomic Dynamics of Health: Lags and Variability in Mortality, Employment, and Spending
    Macroeconomic Effect of HIV/AIDS
    Macroeconomic Effect of Noncommunicable Disease: The Case of Mental Health
    Macroeconomics of Health and Health Care
    Pharmaceuticals and National Health Systems
    Relationship Between Emerging Infections, the International Health Regulations, and Macro-Economy

    Health Econometrics
    Section Editors: John Mullahy, University of Wisconsin, USA and Anirban Basu, University of Washington, USA
    Dominance and the Measurement of Inequality in the Health of Populations
    Dose of Bayes to Treat Empirical Malaise: A Primer on the Use of Bayesian Methods in Health Economics
    Dynamic Models: Econometric Considerations of Time
    Empirical Market Models: IO Models Describing Market Structures in Health Economics
    Health Econometrics: An Overview
    Inference for Health Econometrics: Inference, Model Tests, Diagnostics, Multiple Tests, and Bootstrap
    Instrumental Variables: Informing Policy
    Instrumental Variables: Methods
    Missing Data: Weighting and Imputation
    Modeling Cost and Expenditure for Healthcare
    Models for Count Data
    Models for Discrete/Ordered Outcomes and Choice Models
    Models for Durations: A Guide to Empirical Applications in Health Economics
    Nonparametric Matching and Propensity Scores
    Panel Data and Difference-in Differences Estimation
    Spatial Econometrics: Theory and Applications in Health Economics
    Survey Sampling and Weighting
    Using Structural Equation, Latent Factor and Latent Class Models to Accommodate Heterogeneity

    Health Insurance
    Section Editor: John A. Nyman, University of Minnesota, USA
    Access and Health Insurance
    Causal Relationship Between Health Insurance and Health
    Comparisons of Health Insurance Systems in Developed Countries
    Concerns within the Private Insurance System
    Cost Shifting
    Health Insurance in Historical Perspective, I: Foundations of Historical Analysis
    Health Insurance in Historical Perspective, II: The Rise of Market-Oriented Health Policy and Healthcare
    Health Microinsurance Programs in Developing Countries
    Health-Insurer Market Power: Theory and Evidence
    History of Health Insurance in Developed Countries
    History of Health Insurance in the United States
    Issues of Mandatory Systems
    Long-Term Care Insurance
    Managed Care
    Moral Hazard
    Performance of Private Health Insurers in the Commercial Market
    Risk Selection and Risk Adjustment
    Sample Selection Bias in Health Econometric Models
    Social Health Insurance - Theory and Evidence
    State Insurance Mandates
    Supplementary Private Health Insurance in National Health Insurance Systems
    Supplementary Private Insurance in National Systems and the USA
    Theory of Demand for and Welfare Implications of Health Insurance
    Value-Based Insurance Design

    Human Resources
    Section Editors: Martin Gaynor, Carnegie Mellon University, USA and Sean Nicholson , Cornell University, USA
    Economics of Dentistry
    Income Gap across Physician Specialties
    Learning by Doing
    Market for Professional Nurses in the US
    Medical Malpractice, Defensive Medicine, and Physician Supply
    Monopsony in Health Labor Markets: Theory, Plausibility, and Evidence
    Nurses’ Unions
    Occupational Licensing in Health Care
    Organizational Economics and Physician Practices
    Physician Labor Supply
    Physician Market

    Markets in Health Care
    Section Editors: Pau Olivella, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelon. Spain
    and Pedro Pita Barros, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
    Comparative Performance Evaluation: Information on Quality
    Heterogeneity Across Hospitals
    Impact of Competition on the Hospital Sector
    Interaction Between a Public and a Duplicate Private Provider of Health Services
    Markets in Health Care
    Physicians’ Simultaneous Practice in the Public And Private Sectors
    Preferred Provider Market
    Primary Care, Gatekeeping, and Incentives
    Risk Adjustment as Mechanism Design
    Risk Classification and Health Insurance
    Risk Equalization and Risk Adjustment, the European Perspective
    Switching Costs in Competitive Health Insurance Markets
    Waiting Times

    Pharmaceutical and Medical Equipment Industries
    Section Editor: Patricia Danzon, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Biopharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement in the USA
    Cross-National Evidence on Use of Radiology
    Economic Issues in Diagnostic Imaging
    Economics of Biopharmaceutical and Medical Equipment Industries
    Economics of Personalized Medicine: Pricing and Reimbursement Policies as a Potential Barrier to Development and Adoption
    Effects of Prescription Drug Cost Sharing
    Markets with Physician Dispensing
    Mergers and Alliances in the Biopharmaceuticals Industry
    Patents and Other Incentives for Pharmaceutical Innovation
    Patents and Regulatory Exclusivity in the USA
    Pharmaceutical Company Strategies and Distribution Systems in Emerging Markets
    Pharmaceutical Marketing and Promotion
    Pharmaceutical Parallel Trade: Legal, Policy, and Economic Issues
    Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Regulation in Europe
    Regulation of Safety, Efficacy, and .Quality
    Research and Development Costs and Productivity in Biopharmaceuticals
    Vaccine Economics
    Value of Drugs in Practice

    Public Health
    Section Editors: Richard Cookson, University of York, USA and Marc Suhrcke, University of East Anglia, USA
    Economic Evaluation of Public Health Interventions: Methodological Challenges
    Economics of Public Health: Overview
    Ethics and Social Value Judgments in Public Health
    Fetal Origins of Lifetime Health
    Infectious Disease Externalities
    Pay for Prevention
    Preschool Education Programs
    Priority Setting in Public Health
    Public Choice Analysis of Public Health Priority Setting
    Public Health in Resource Poor Settings
    Public Health Profession
    Unfair Health Inequality

    Supply of Health Services
    Section Editor: James F Burgess, Boston University School of Public Health, USA
    Ambulance and Patient Transport Services
    Cost Function Estimates
    Economics of Home Health Services
    Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Financing, Payment, and Provision
    Healthcare Safety Net in the US
    Long-Term Care
    Production Functions for Medical Services: History, Interpretation, Estimation, and Other Issues
    Understanding Medical Tourism


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