Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology book cover

Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology

From Genome to Environment

Fish form an extremely diverse group of vertebrates. At a conservative estimate at least 40% of the world's vertebrates are fish. On the one hand they are united by their adaptations to an aquatic environment and on the other they show a variety of adaptations to differing environmental conditions - often to extremes of temperature, salinity, oxygen level and water chemistry. They exhibit an array of behavioural and reproductive systems. Interesting in their own right, this suite of adaptive physiologies provides many model systems for both comparative vertebrate and human physiologists.This four volume encyclopedia covers the diversity of fish physiology in over 300 articles and provides entry level information for students and summary overviews for researchers alike.Broadly organised into four themes, articles cover Functional, Thematic, and Phylogenetic Physiology, and Fish GenomicsFunctional articles address the traditional aspects of fish physiology that are common to all areas of vertebrate physiology including: Reproduction, Respiration, Neural (Sensory, Central, Effector), Endocrinology, Renal, Cardiovascular, Acid-base Balance, Osmoregulation, Ionoregulation, Digestion, Metabolism, Locomotion, and so on.Thematic Physiology articles are carefully selected and fewer in number. They provide a level of integration that goes beyond the coverage in the Functional Physiology topics and include discussions of Toxicology, Air-breathing, Migrations, Temperature, Endothermy, etc.Phylogenetic Physiology articles bring together information that bridges the physiology of certain groupings of fishes where the knowledge base has a sufficient depth and breadth and include articles on Ancient Fishes, Tunas, Sharks, etc.Genomics articles describe the underlying genetic component of fish physiology and high light their suitability and use as model organisms for the study of disease, stress and physiological adaptations and reactions to external conditions.

Audience
* Undergraduate and Post-graduate students and Research scientists studying the physiology of fishes. * Comparative vertebrate physiologists * Biomedical physiologists using fish as animal models of human physiology and genetics

Hardbound, 2272 Pages

Published: June 2011

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-374545-3

Reviews

  • "2011 PROSE Award Winner for Multivolume Reference/Science"

    Academic Press/Elsevier Science and Technology

    Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology, Anthony P. Farrell

    "The individual articles in each volume are concise, authoritative, and beautifully illustrated with color photographs and drawings. A practical advantage of this encyclopedia is that it brings everything together into three volumes, providing a comprehensive reference work. Readers should note that this set is arranged thematically rather than alphabetically… This encyclopedia will be most suitable for graduate students and professionals. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students and above."--CHOICE


Contents

  • Functional Morphology of the Nervous System: An Introduction
    Cranial and Spinal Nerves of Fishes: Evolution of the Craniate Pattern
    Functional Morphology of the Brains of Agnathans
    Functional Morphology of the Brains of Cartilaginous Fishes
    Functional Morphology of the Brains of Ray-Finned Fishes
    Functional Morphology of the Brains of Sarcopterygian Fishes: Lungfishes and Latimeria
    Motor Control Systems of Fish
    Physiology of the Mauthner Cell: Discovery and Properties
    Physiology of the Mauthner Cell: Function
    Autonomic Nervous System of Fishes
    Opioids and Opioid Receptors in Fishes
    Vision in Fishes: An Introduction
    Physiological Optics in Fishes
    Photoreceptors and Visual Pigments
    Adaptations of Photoreceptors and Visual Pigments
    Inner Retina and Ganglion Cells
    Optic Tectum
    Behavioral Assessment of the Visual Capabilities of Fish
    Color Vision and Color Communication in Reef Fish
    Extraretinal Photoreception
    Visual Adaptations to the Deep Sea
    Chemoreception (Smell and Taste): An Introduction
    Morphology of the Gustatory (Taste) System in Fishes
    Morphology of the Olfactory (Smell) System in Fishes
    Neurophysiology of Olfaction
    Neurophysiology of Gustation
    Chemosensory Behavior
    Fish Bioacoustics: An Introduction
    Vestibular System Anatomy and Physiology
    Auditory System Morphology
    The Ear and Hearing in Sharks, Skates, and Rays
    Biomechanics of the Inner Ear in Fishes
    Psychoacoustics: What Fish Hear
    Auditory/Lateral Line CNS: Anatomy
    Physiology of the Ear and Brain: How Fish Hear
    Sound Source Localization and Directional Hearing in Fishes
    Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Fish
    Acoustic Behavior
    Vocal Behavior of Fishes: Anatomy and Physiology
    Lateral Line Neuroethology
    Lateral Line Structure
    Detection and Generation of Electric Signals in Fishes: An Introduction
    Morphology of Electroreceptive Sensory Organs
    Physiology of Ampullary Electrosensory Systems
    Physiology of Tuberous Electrosensory Systems
    Active Electrolocation
    Electric Organs
    Generation of Electric Signals
    Development of Electroreceptors and Electric Organs
    Functional Anatomy of Bones, Muscle, and Skin: An Introduction
    Cartilaginous Fish Skeletal Anatomy
    Cartilaginous Fish Skeletal Tissues
    Bony Fish Skeleton
    Cartilaginous Fishes Cranial Muscles
    Bony Fish Cranial Muscles
    The Many Functions of Fish Integument
    Functional Morphology of the Integumentary System in Fishes
    Coloration and Chromatophores in Fishes
    Bioluminescence in Fishes
    Hagfish Slime
    Buoyancy, Locomotion, and Movement in Fishes: An Introduction
    Bouyancy in Fishes
    Swimbladder Function and Buoyancy Control in Fishes
    Experimental Hydrodynamics
    Undulatory Swimming
    Functional Properties of Skeletal Muscle: Work Loops
    Paired Fin Swimming
    Maneuverability
    Stability and Turbulence
    Fast Start
    Feeding Mechanics
    Biomimetics: Robotics Based on Fish Swimming
    The Diversity of Fish Reproduction:  An Introduction
    Anatomy and Histology of Fish Testis
    Regulation of Spermatogenesis
    Vitellogenesis in Fishes
    Linking Fish Behavior and Physiology: An Introduction
    Dominance Behaviors
    Sexual Behavior in Fish
    Socially Controlled Sex Change in Fishes
    Parental Care in Fishes
    Nutritional Provision During Parental Care
    How Fishes Use Sound: Quiet to Loud and Simple to Complex Signalling
    Communication Behavior: Visual Signals
    Shocking Comments: Electrocommunication in Teleost Fish
    Fish Learning and Memory
    Nociception or Pain in Fish
    Spatial Orientation: How do Fish Find their Way Around?
    Magnetic Sense in Fishes
    Circadian Rhythms in Fish
    A Survival Guide for Fishes: How to Obtain Food While Avoiding Being Food
    Effects of Compensatory Growth on Fish Behavior
    Temperature Preference: Behavioral Responses to Temperature in Fishes
    Behavioral Responses to Hypoxia
    Sleep in Fish
    Manipulation of Fish Phenotype by Parasites
    Anthropogenic Influences on Fish Behavior
    Respiration: An Introduction
    Plasticity in Gill Morphology
    Gill Respiratory Morphometrics
    The Effect of Exercise on Respiration
    Efficiency of Gas Exchange Organs
    Respiratory Gas Exchange During Development: Models and Mechanisms
    Respiratory Gas Exchange During Development: Respiratory Transitions
    Techniques in Whole Animal Respiratory Physiology
    Generation of the Respiratory Rhythm in Fish
    The Ventilatory Response to CO2/H+
    Oxygen Sensing in Fish
    Red Blood Cell Function
    Hemoglobin
    O2 Uptake and Transport: The Optimal P50
    Carbonic Anhydrase in Gas Transport and Exchange
    Carbon Dioxide Transport and Excretion
    Gas Transport and Exchange: Interaction Between O2 and CO2 Exchange
    Evolution of the Bohr Effect
    Root Effect: Root Effect Definition, Functional Role in Oxygen Delivery to the Eye and Swimbladder
    Root Effect: Molecular Basis, Evolution of the Root Effect and Rete Systems
    Hemoglobin Differentiation in Fishes
    Cellular Respiration
    Mitochondrial Respiration
    Specializations in Mitochondrial Respiration of Fish
    The Circulatory System: An Introduction
    Circulatory System Design: Roles and Principles
    Cellular Composition of the Blood
    Erythropoiesis in Fishes
    Cardiac Anatomy in Fishes
    Cellular Ultrastructure of Cardiac Cells in Fishes
    The Outflow Tract from the Heart
    Physiology of Cardiac Pumping
    Action Potential of the Fish Heart
    Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling: Routes of Cellular Calcium Flux
    Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling: Calcium and the Contractile Clement
    Cardiac Cellular Length-Tension Relationship
    Intracardiac Neurons and Neurotransmitters in Fish
    Accessory Hearts in Fishes
    The Coronary Circulation
    Anatomical Pathways and Patterns
    Branchial Anatomy
    Physiology of Resistance Vessels
    Physiology of Capacitance Vessels
    The Retia
    The Gastrointestinal Circulation
    Capillaries, Capillarity, and Angiogenesis
    Circulatory Fluid Balance and Transcapillary Exchange
    Secondary Circulation and Lymphatic Anatomy
    Integrated Control of the Circulatory System
    Central Control of Cardiorespiratory Interactions in Fish
    Hormone Metabolism in the Circulation
    Integrated Responses of the Circulatory System to Temperature
    Integrated Responses of the Circulatory System to Digestion
    Integrated Cardiovascular Responses of Fish to Swimming
    Integrated Responses of the Circulatory System to Hypoxia
    The Gastrointestinal Tract: An Introduction
    Gut Anatomy
    Pancreas
    Development of Fish Gut
    Gut Motility
    Gut Secretion and Digestion
    Intestinal Absorption
    Barrier Function of the Gut
    Nervous System of the Gut
    Endocrine Systems of the Gut
    Osmoregulation in Fishes: An Introduction
    Mechanisms of Gill Salt Secretion in Marine Teleosts
    Mechanisms of Ion Transport in Freshwater Fishes
    Water Balance and Aquaporin
    Osmosensing
    Morphology of Branchial Ionocytes
    The Osmorespiratory Compromise
    Histology of the Kidney
     The Kidney
    Gut Ion, Osmotic, and Acid-Base Regulation
    Dogfish Rectal Gland
    Excretion of Ammonia
    Ureotelism
    Development of the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Interrenal Axis
    Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis
    The Hormonal Control of Osmoregulation in Teleost Fish
    Corticosteroids
    Endocrinology of Fish Growth
    Endocrine Control of Sex Differentiation in Fish
    Endocrine Regulation of Fish Reproduction
    Control of Appetite in Fish
    Hormone Response to Stress
    Catecholamines
    Stress Effect on Growth and Metabolism
    Impact of Stress in Health and Reproduction
    Hormonal Pheromones
    Energetics: An Introduction
    General Energy Metabolism
    Physiological Functions that Scale to Body Mass in Fish
    Energetics of Prey Capture: From Foraging Theory to Functional Morphology
    Energetics of Foraging Decisions and Prey Handling
    Digestive Efficiency
    Cost of Digestion and Assimilation
    Dietary Requirements of Fish Under Culture Conditions
    Energetics of Growth
    Growth: Environmental Effects
    Energetics of Fish Swimming
    Cellular Energy Utilization: Environmental Influences on Metabolism
    Applied Aspects of Fish Swimming Performance
    Bioenergetic Models in Aquaculture Settings
    Bioenergetic Models in Ecosystems
    General Principles of Biochemical Adaptations
    Effects of Temperature: An Introduction
    Measures of Thermal Tolerance
    Proteins and Temperature
    Mitochondria and Temperature
    Temperature and Excitable Membranes
    Membranes and Temperature: Homeoviscous Adaptation
    Heat Shock Proteins and Temperature
    Effects of Climate Change
    The Expanding Hypoxic Environment
    Respiratory Responses to Hypoxia in Fishes
    Anaerobic Metabolism In Fish
    Metabolic Rate Suppression as a Mechanism for Surviving Hypoxia
    Hagfishes
    Lampreys: Energetics and Development
    Lampreys: Environmental Physiology
    Physiology of Sturgeon
    Physiology of Sharks, Skates, and Rays
    Zebrafish
    Crucian Carp
    Life in Hot Water: The Desert Pupfish
    Blind Cavefish
    The Biology, Diversity, and Natural History of Air-Breathing Fishes: An Introduction
    Respiratory Adaptations for Air-Breathing Fishes
    Circulatory Adaptations for Air-Breathing Fishes
    An Introduction to the Biology of Pelagic Fishes
    Physiology of Tuna
    Endothermy in Tunas, Billfishes, and Sharks
    The Biology of Fish Migration
    Tracking Oceanic Fish
    Eel Migrations
    Pacific Salmon Migration: Completing the Cycle
    Deep-Sea Fishes
    Intertidal Habitats
    Culture of Fish Cell Lines
    Pigment Genes and Cancer Genes
    Evolution of Fish Genomes
    Fish as Model Organisms for Medical Research
    Transgenesis and Chromosome Manipulation in Fish
    Physiology of Triploid Fish
    Growth Hormone Overexpression in Transgenic Fish
    Molecular and Chromosomal Aspects of Sex Determination
    Molecular Fish Pathology (Virology)
    Germ Cell Migration and Trans Sex
    Global Gene Expression Profiling in Fish
    The Toxicology of Metals in Fishes
    The Toxicology of Organics in Fishes
    The Effects of Toxicants on Olfaction in Fishes
    Physiology of Fish in Culture Environments

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