Emissions Reduction: NOx/SOx Suppression
- A. Tomita, Institute of Multidisiplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577, Japan
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Over the past decade the topic of emissions reduction and control has remained an important area of research due to the enforcement of various Government policies in an attempt to minimize the impact on the environment. One area in which a great deal of research has been conducted to address this policy is NOx/SOx suppression. However, despite the progress that has been made over this time period, further research into the most effective method of reducingNOx/SOx emissions is still urgently required. In developed countries, a more stringent requirement in the level of emissions (such as is NOx/SOx component of less than 10ppm) will be enforced in the near future. Developing countries will also need a new technology that is effective and that is suited to each countries needs. Additional research and development efforts are thus necessary to meet such requirements.
This compendium contains a collection of key papers themed around NOx/SOx emissions from combustion of hydrocarbon resources and the attempts to secure an efficient and effective method for reducing these emissions. These key papers are taken from the journals Fuel, Fuel Processing Technology and Progress in Energy and Combustion Science.
For scientists, engineers and other professionals working in the fields of fuel science, combustion and emission control.
- Published: December 2001
- Imprint: ELSEVIER
- ISBN: 978-0-08-044089-7
Table of ContentsChapter headings. Preface. New Analytical Techniques. Experimental in-flame study of a 15 MW dual fuel gas/oil burner (G. Colson et al.). A NOx diagnostic system based on a spectral ultraviolet/visible imaging device (M. Ruão et al.). Systematic measurements of OH chemiluminescence for fuel-lean, high-pressure, premixed, laminar flames (B. Higgins et al.). Development of dual sulphur oxides and oxygen solid state sensor for "in situ" measurements (S. Zhuiykov).Fundamental Chemistry of NOx and SOx Related Reactions. The fate of nitrogen during pyrolysis of German low rank coals - a parameter study(J. Friebel, R.F.W. Köpsel).Formation of NOx and SOx precursors during the pyrolysis of coal and biomass. Part I. Effects of reactor configuration on the determined yields of HCN and NH3 during pyrolysis (L.L. Tan, C.-Z. Li). Formation of NOx and SOx precursors during the pyrolysis of coal and biomass. Part II. Effects of experimental conditions on the yields of NOx and SOx precursors from the pyrolysis of a Victorian brown coal(L.L. Tan, C.-Z. Li). Formation of NOx and SOx precursors during the pyrolysis of coal and biomass. Part III. Further discussion on the formation of HCN and NH3 during pyrolysis(C.-Z. Li, L.L. Tan). Nitrogen sulphur interactions in coal flames (E. Hampartsoumian et al.). The influence of calcined limestone on NOx and N2O emissions from char combustion in fluidized bed combustors(H. Liu, B.M. Gibbs). Suppression of nitrogen oxides emission by carbonaceous reductants (A. Tomita).Sulphation behaviour of limestone under high CO2 concentration in O2/CO2 coal combustion (H. Liu et al.).CO2, NOx and SO2 emissions from the combustion of coal with high oxygen concentration gases(Y. Hu et al.). Modelling. Modelling of nitrogen oxides formation and destruction in combustion systems (S.C. Hill, L. Douglas Smoot). Modelling of the combustion process and NOx emission in a utility boiler (M. Xu et al.).Mathematical modelling of fluidized bed combustion. 4: N2O and NOx emissions from the combustion of char (Z. Chen et al.). Research and Development in Commercial Scale Facilities. Combustion technology developments in power generation in response to environmental challenges (J.M. Beér). Alternative fuel reburning (P.M. Maly et al.).Advanced reburning measurements of temperature and species in a pulverized coal flame (D.R. Tree, A.W. Clark). Techno-economic analysis of NOx reduction technologies in p.f. boilers (S. McCahey et al.). NOx and N2O emission characteristics from fluidised bed combustion of semi-dried municipal sewage sludge (M. Sänger et al.).Optimum NOx abatement in diesel exhaust using inferential feedforward reductant control (H.C. Krijnsen et al.). The reduction of gas phase air toxics from combustion and incineration sources using the MET-Mitsui-BF activated coke process (D.G. Olson et al.). Design of scrubbers for condensing boilers (F. Haase, H. Koehne). Author index.