Elements of Petroleum Geology book cover

Elements of Petroleum Geology

This third edition of Elements of Petroleum Geology is completely updated and revised to reflect the vast changes in the years since publication of the First Edition. This book is a useful primer for geophysicists, geologists, and petroleum engineers in the oil industry who wish to expand their knowledge beyond their specialized area. It is also an excellent introductory text for a university course in petroleum geoscience.

Elements of Petroleum Geology begins with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, reviewing methods of petroleum exploration and production. These methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. After describing the temperatures and pressures of the subsurface environment and the hydrodynamics of connate fluids, Selley examines the generation and migration of petroleum, reservoir rocks and trapping mechanisms, and the habit of petroleum in sedimentary basins. The book contains an account of the composition and formation of tar sands and oil shales, and concludes with a brief review of prospect risk analysis, reserve estimation, and other economic topics.

Audience
Undergraduate and graduate students in geology, geophysics, and basin analysis; petroleum geologists in industry.

Hardbound, 470 Pages

Published: September 1997

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-636370-8

Reviews

  • "...this book is extremely well written and easy to read...I would highly recommend this book as an excellent introduction to the field in university courses, to those new in petroleum industry, to nongeoscientists working with geologists, and those interested in a review of petroleum geology. I recommend Selley's text for its easy and clear text and 332 illustrations, especially for college students and those interested in concise review. This text will carry forward aspects of petroleum geology into the XXI century."
    --Marcio R. Mello, Center of Excellence of Geochemistry


    "This comprehensive, stimulating book conveys information with intelligence, clear illustrations, and marvelous wit. The author writes with clarity and authority and with a grasp of the subject matter that is lightly presented."
    --Fouad Michael, Western Geophysical, Houston, Texas, THE LEADING EDGE
    "...an authoritative piece of work written by an author with over 30 years experience. If you require an overview of petroleum geoscience, I recommend you buy the Elements of Petroleum Geology."
    --Giancario Rizzi, Core Carbonates, PESGB REVIEW
    "Works well as a college-level introductory text and as a reference for informed nongeologists, such as geophysicists or petroleum engineers."
    --AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGISTS
    "An excellent [and] very readable text for final year undergraduates."
    --NATURE
    "An excellent book, ideal for the inexperienced, and a good review for those who have been around for a while."
    --SOCIETY OF EXPLORATION GEOPHYSICISTS
    "An introductory text for university courses in petroleum goescience, also useful as a reference for professional petroleum geoscientists and engineers. Emphasis is on petroleum geology, with additional material on geophysics and petroleum reservoir engineering. Coverage includes methods of exploration, the subsurface environment, generation and migration of petroleum, sedimentary basins and petroleum systems, and nonconventional petroleum resources. Includes black and white photos, many tables, maps, and diagrams, a glossary, and an appendix of units and conversion factors. This edition takes into account advances in concepts and technology over the past 15 years."
    --REFERENCE & RESEARCHING BOOK NEWS
    "An authoritative piece of work written by an author with over 30 years experience of petroleum geoscience, I recommend you to buy Elements Of Petroleum Geology."
    --PETROLEUM EXPLORATION SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN

Contents

  • Introduction: Historical Review of Petroleum Exploration. Petroleum from Noah to OPEC. Evolution of Petroleum Exploration Concepts and Techniques. The Context of Petroleum Geology. Relationship of Petroleum Geology to Science. Relationship of Petroleum Geology to Petroleum Exploration and Production. The Physical and Chemical Properties of Petroleum: Natural Gases. Hydrocarbon Gases. Nonhydrocarbon Gases. Gas Hydrates. Composition and Occurrence. Identification andEconomic Significance. Crude Oil. Chemistry. Classification. Methods of Exploration: Well Drilling and Completion. Cable Tool Drilling. Rotary Drilling. Various Types of Drilling Unit. Various Types of Production Unit. Formation Evaluation. ElectricLogs. Quantitative Calculation of Hydrocarbon Saturation. Radioactivity Logs. The Sonic, or Acoustic, Log. Porosity Logs in Combination. Dipmeter Log and Borehole Imaging. Uses of Logs in Petrophysical Analysis Summary. Applications of Logs in Facies Analysis. Geophysical Methods of Exploration. Magnetic Surveying. Gravity Surveying. Magnetic and Gravity Surveys Summary. Seismic Surveying. Borehole Geophysics and 4D Seismic. The vertical Seismic Profile (VSP). 4D Seismic. Subsurface Geology. Geological Cross-Sections. Subsurface Geological Maps. Remote Sensing. Visual Remote Sensing. Radar. Multispectral Scanning. Conclusions. The Subsurface Environment: Subsurface Waters. Analysis. Genesis. Chemistry of Subsurface Waters. Subsurface Temperatures.Basic Principles. Local Thermal Variations. Regional Thermal Variations. Subsurface Pressures. Measurement. Basic Principles. Supernormal Pressures. Subnormal Pressures. Subsurface Fluid Dynamics. Pressure-Temperature Relationships. Secondary Migration of Petroleum. Fluid Dynamics of Young and Senile Basins Summary. Generation and Migration of Petroleum: Origin of Petroleum: Organic of Inorganic. Hydrocarbons from the Mantle. Genesis of Petroleum by Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. Abiogenic versus Biogenic Genes of Petroleum Conclusion. Modern Organic Processes on the Earth's Surface. Productivity and Preservation of Organic Matter. Preservation of Organic Matter in Ancient Sediments. Formation of Kerogen. Shallow Diagenesis of Organic Matter. Chemistry of Kerogen. Maturation of Kerogen. Paleothermometers. Petroleum Migration. Expulsion of Hydrocarbons as Protopetroleum. Expulsion of Hydrocarbons in Aqueous Solution. Expulsion of Oil in Gaseous Solution. Primary Migration of Free Oil. The PetroleumSystem. Measurement of the Distance of Petroleum Migration. The Petroleum System and Basin Modeling. Hydrocarbon Generation and Migration Summary. The Reservoir: Porosity. Definition and Classification. Porosity Measurement. Permeability. Fundamental Principles. Permeability Measurement. The Interpretation of Permeability Data. Capillary Pressure. Relationship Between Porosity, Permeability, and Texture. Relationship Between Porosity, Permeability, and Grain Shape. Relationship Between Porosity, Permeability, and Grain Size Relationship Between Porosity, Permeability, and Grain Sorting. Relationship Between Porosity, Permeability, and Grain Packing Relationship Between Porosity, Permeability, and Grain Orientation. Effects of Diagenesis on ReservoirQuality. Effects of Diagenesis on Sandstone Reservoirs. Effects of Diagenesis on Carbonate Reservoirs. Atypical and Fractured Reservoirs. Reservoir Continuity. Depositional Barriers. Diagenetic Barriers. Structural Barriers. Reservoir Characterization. Reserve Calculations. Preliminary Volumetric Reserve Calculations. Postdiscovery Reserve Calculations. Production Methods. Water Drive. Gas Cap Drive. Dissolved Gas Drive. Artificial Lift and Enhanced Recovery. Traps and Seals: Introduction. Nomenclature of a Trap. Distribution of Petroleum within a Trap. Tar Mats. Tilted Fluid Contracts. Seals and Cap Rocks. Classification of Traps. Structural Traps. Anticlinal Traps. Fault and Fault-Related Traps. The Relationship Between Structural Traps and Tectonic Setting. Diapiric Traps. Salt Domes. Mud Diapirs. Stratigraphic Traps. Stratigraphic Traps Unrelated to Unconformities. Stratigraphic Traps Related to Unconformities. Relationship Between Stratigraphic Traps and Sedimentary Facies. Hydrodynamic Traps.Combination Traps. Astrobleme Traps. Traps Conclusion. Timing of Trap Development Relative to Petroleum Migration and Reservoir Deposition. Relative Frequency of the Different Types of Trap. Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum Systems: Basic Conceptsand Terms. Mechanisms of Basin Formation. Classification of Sedimentary Basins. Cratonic Basins. Intracratonic Basins. Epicratonic Embayments. Troughs. Geosynclines and Plate Tectonics. Back-Arc Troughs. Fore-Arc Troughs. The Rift-Drift Suite of Basins. Rifts. Failed Rift Basins Aulacogens. Strike-Slip Basins. Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum Systems. Distribution of Hydrocarbons in Different Types of Basin. Distribution of Hydrocarbons within Basins. Non-Conventional Petroleum Resources: Introduction. Plastic and Solid Hydrocarbons. The Occurrence of Plastic and Solid Hydrocarbons. Composition. Tar Sands. The Composition of Tar Sands. The Geological Distribution of Tar Sands. The Origin of Tar Sands. Extraction of Oil from Tar Sands. Oil Shales. The Chemical Composition of Oil Shales. The Distribution of Oil Shales. The Extraction of Oil and Oil Shales. Shale Gas and Coal Bed Methane. Shale Gas. Coalbed Methane. Conclusions: Prospects and Probabilities. Prospect Appraisal. Geological Aspects. Economic Aspects. Reserves and Resources. Assessment of Basin Reserves. Assessment of Global Reserves. Appendices. Appendix A: Well Classification Scheme. Appendix B: Standard Units and Conversions. Appendix C: Glossary.

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