Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and ElastomersEdited by
- Laurence McKeen, Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA
This book is an update to the first edition compiled and published in 1990 by William Woishnis. A lot has changed in the field since 1990 and a lot has not changed. There are new plastic materials. There has been a huge turnover in ownership of plastics producing companies. There has been a lot of consolidation, which of course means discontinued products. Thus, this update is much more extensive than the usual "next edition."It has been reorganized from a chemistry point of view. Plastics of similar polymer types are grouped into nine chapters. Each of these chapters includes an introduction with a brief explanation of the chemistry of the polymers used in the plastics.An extensive first chapter has been added as an introduction that summarizes the chemistry of making polymers, the formulation of plastics, testing and test methods, and plastic selection.Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters.Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated.
Materials engineers, polymer chemists, plastics suppliers, plastics raw materials suppliers, and plastics marketing and sales personnel.
Hardbound, 824 Pages
Published: February 2008
Imprint: William Andrew
From the 1st Edition: "Let's designers make smarter decisions when selecting plastics for specific applications." - Plastics World
- 1. Introduction to Plastic Properties 1.1. Plastics and Polymers 1.1.1. Polymerization 1.1.2. Copolymers 1.1.3. Linear, Branched and Crosslinked Polymers 1.1.4. Molecular Weight 1.1.5. Thermosets vs. Thermoplastics 1.1.6. Crystalline vs. Amorphous 1.1.7. Blends 1.1.8. Elastomers 1.1.9. Additives 1.2. Testing of Plastics 1.2.1. Mechanical Property Testing of Plastics 1.2.2. Impact Property Testing of Plastics 1.2.3. Thermal Property Testing of Plastics 1.3. Principles of Plastic Product Design 1.3.1. Rigidity of Plastics Materials 1.3.2. The Assessment of Maximum Service Temperature 1.3.3. Toughness 1.4. Summary2. Styrenics 2.1. Background 2.2. Polystyrene (PS) 2.3. Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (ASA) 2.4. Styrene Acrylonitrile (SAN) 2.5. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) 2.6. Styrene Maleic Anhydride (SMA) 2.7. Styrenic Block Copolymers (SBC) 2.8. Blends3. Polyethers 3.1. Background 3.2. Acetals (POM) 3.3. Acetal Copolymers (POM-Co) 3.4. Modified Polyphenylene Ether/Polyphenylene Oxides (PPE, PPO)4. Polyesters 4.1. Background 4.2. Polycarbonate (PC) 4.3. Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT) 4.4. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) 4.5. Liquid Crystalline Polymers (LCP) 4.6. Polycyclohexylene-dimethylene Terephthalate (PCT) 4.7. Polyester Blends and Alloys5. Polyimides 5.1. Background 5.2. Polyetherimide (PEI) 5.3. Polyamide imide (PAI) 5.4. Polyimide (PI)6. Polyamides 6.1. Background 6.2. Nylon 6 6.3. Nylon 11 6.4. Nylon 12 6.5. Nylon 66 6.6. Nylon 610 6.7. Nylon 612 6.8. Nylon 666 6.9. Nylon Amorphous 6.10. Nylon 46 6.11. PPA 6.12. PAA 6.13. PA Blends7. Polyolefins and Acrylics 7.1. Background 7.2. Polyethylene (PE) 7.3. Poly Propylene (PP) 7.4. Polytrimethyl Pentene (PTP) 7.5. Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) 7.6. Rigid Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) 7.7. Cyclic Olefin Copolymer (COC) 7.8. Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)8. Thermoplastic Elastomers 8.1. Background 8.2. Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU) 8.3. Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers (TPE-E or COPE) 8.4. Thermoplastic Polyether Block Amide Elastomers (PEBA)9. Fluoropolymers 9.1. Background 9.2. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) 9.3. Polyethylene Chlorotrifluoroethylene (ECTFE) 9.4. Polyethylene Tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) 9.5. Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene (FEP) 9.6. Perfluoro Alkoxy (PFA) 9.7. Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) 9.8. Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)10. Miscellaneous High Temperature Plastics 10.1. Background 10.2. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) 10.3. Polyether Sulfone (PES) 10.4. Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS) 10.5. Polysulfone (PSU)11. Tables of Selected ISO 10350 Properties of Selected Plastics 11.1. Styrenics 11.2. Polyethers 11.3. Polyesters 11.4. Polyimides 11.5. Polyamides 11.6. Polyolefins and Acrylics 11.7. Thermoplastic Elastomers 11.8. Fluoropolymers 11.9. Miscellaneous High Temperature Plastics12. Tables of Selected Thermal Properties of Selected Plastics 12.1. Styrenics 12.2. Polyethers 12.3. Polyesters 12.4. Polyimides 12.5. Polyamides 12.6. Polyolefins and Acrylics 12.7. Thermoplastic Elastomers 12.8. Fluoropolymers 12.9. Miscellaneous High Temperature PlasticsAppendices:AbbreviationsTradenamesConversion Factors?