Ecotoxicology

Edited By

  • Erik Jorgensen

Ecotoxicology offers an overview of current ecotoxicological problems. It includes basic ecotoxicological concepts, as well as information about chemicals and toxic substances that may cause harmful effects on the ecosystem and its living components. The book, with a total of 48 chapters, is divided into three parts. The first part includes the basic concepts of ecotoxicology, starting with an introductory chapter on ecotoxicology as a subdiscipline of ecology; assessment on ecotoxicological effects and risk; and properties and effects of toxic chemicals. These topics are further discussed throughout the book, along with nomenclature, focal topics, and the history of ecotoxicology. The two remaining parts tackle harmful properties and harmful chemicals. The second part also covers bioaccumulation, bioavailability, biodegradability, biodegradation, and biomagnification. It also provides models for ecotoxicological populations, ecosystems and landscapes, and on food-web bioaccumulation. Chemicals including benzene, copper, lead, nitrogen, phenols, pheromones, phthalates, plutonium, and uranium are covered in separate chapters in the final part. This book will be of great value to ecologists, ecotoxicologists, and environmental managers.
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Audience

Ecologists and Ecological Engineers

 

Book information

  • Published: April 2010
  • Imprint: ACADEMIC PRESS
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-53628-0


Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

Part A: Ecotoxicology as an Ecological Subdiscipline, Basic Concepts

    Introduction

    Ecotoxicology Nomenclature

    Ecotoxicology: The Focal Topics

    Ecotoxicology: The History and Present Directions

    Dose-Response

    Body Residues

    Assimilative Capacity

    Ecological Risk  Assessment

    Biogeochemical Approaches to Environmental Risk Assessment

Part B: Ecological Effects of Toxic Substances

    Acute and Chronic Toxicity

    Bioaccumulation

    Bioavailability

    Biodegradability

    Biodegradation

    Biomagnification

    Ecological Catastrophe

    Ecotoxicological Model of Populations, Ecosystems, and Landscapes

    Effects of Endocrine Disruptors in Wildlife and Laboratory Animals

    Epidemiological Studies of Reproductive Effects in Humans

    Exposure and Exposure Assessment

    Food-Web Bioaccumulation Models

    Mutagenesis

    Reproductive Toxicity

    Risk Management Safety Factor

    Hill’s Postulates

    Teratogenesis

Part C: Chemicals with Ecotoxicological Effects

    Antagonistic and Synergistic Effects Antifouling Chemicals in Mixture

    Antibiotics in Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems

    Benzene

    Copper

    Crude Oil, Oil, Gasoline and Petrol

    Dioxin

    Endocrine Disruptors

    Endocrine Disruptor Chemicals: An Overview

    Halogenated Hydrocarbons

    Lead

    Nitrogen

    Persistent Organic Chemicals

    Phenols

    Pheromones

    Phthalates

    Plutonium

    Polychlorinated Biphenyls

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Radioactivity

    Synthetic Polymers

    Uranium

    Veterinary Medicines

Appendix 1: The Periodic Table of Ecotoxicology

Appendix 2

Index