Ecological Geography of the SeaBy
- Alan Longhurst, Galerie l'Academie, Cajarc, France
This book presents an in-depth discussion of the biological and ecological geography of the oceans. It synthesizes locally restricted studies of the ocean to generate a global geography of the vast marine world.Based on patterns of algal ecology, the book divides the ocean into four primary compartments, which are then subdivided into secondary compartments.
Faculty, researchers and graduate students interested in oceanography, marine biology, marine ecology, and other marine sciences. Sometimes used as an undergrad text though not written specifically for this purpose.
Paperback, 560 Pages
Published: September 2006
Imprint: Academic Press
- PrefaceCh. 1 Towards an Ecological Geography of the Sea- Progressive exploration of oceanic and shelfecosystems- The availability of timely global data from satellites- Internal dynamics of satellite-observed algal bloomsCh.2 Changing views of how marine ecosystems function-From pristine to modified ecosystems-Our new understanding of the role of very small organismsCh.3 Biogeographic Data in Ecological Analysis-Taxonomic diversity, the shifting base-line of biogeography- The useful results from 150 years of marine biogeography*Biogeographic regions of the pelagos*Benthis and demersal biogeography*The benthic paradox and polar reproductive strategyCh.4 Ocean fronts and other ecological discontinuities-Fronts and frontal systems*Oceanic fronts*Shelf-edge and upwelling fronts*River plumes and tidal fronts of shelf seas*The ubiquitous 'horizontal front' at the shallow pycnocline*The oceanic eddy-fieldCh. 5 Physical Forcing of Phytoplankton Production-Stratification and mixing in the open ocean-Regional and latitudinal resistance to mixing in the open ocean-Rule-based models of ecological response to external forcing-The ecological consequenses of the global field of mesoscale eddies-Geological, sedimentary and tidal forcing of shallow-sea ecosystemsCh.6 Nutriend Limitation: The Example of Iron-Nutrient distribution, differing supply ratios to euphotic zone-Regional anomalies in nutrient limitation of phytoplankton growth-Simulation of nutrient limitation: Conflicting indicationsCh.7 Biomes: The Primary Compartments-The four primary biomes of the upper ocean*Polar biome*Westerlies biome*Trades biome*Coastal biomeCh.8 Provinces: The Secondary Partition-Ecological provinces in the open ocean-Ways of testing province boundaries in the open ocean*A stastistical test*Analytical tests*A biogeographic test-Practical and useful partitions in coastal seasCh. 9 Longer term responses: From Seasons to Centuries-Scales of external forcing-Recurrent ENSO-scale changes of state-Multi-decadal trends and changes-Conclusion: A partition for a variable ocean?Ch.10 The Atlantic OceanCh.11 The Indian OceanCh.12 The Pacific OceanCh.13 The Southern Ocean