Dynamic Food Webs

Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development and Environmental Change

Edited by

  • Peter de Ruiter, Copernicus Research Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
  • Volkmar Wolters, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany
  • John Moore, University of North Colorado, Greeley, U.S.A.

Dynamic Food Webs challenges us to rethink what factors may determine ecological and evolutionary pathways of food web development. It touches upon the intriguing idea that trophic interactions drive patterns and dynamics at different levels of biological organization: dynamics in species composition, dynamics in population life-history parameters and abundances, and dynamics in individual growth, size and behavior. These dynamics are shown to be strongly interrelated governing food web structure and stability and the role of populations and communities play in ecosystem functioning. Dyanmic Food Webs not only offers over 100 illustrations, but also contains 8 riveting sections devoted to an understanding of how to manage the effects of environmental change, the protection of biological diversity and the sustainable use of natural resources.Dyanmic Food Webs is a volume in the Theoretical Ecology series.
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Students and scientists studying biology, ecology and the environment


Book information

  • Published: December 2005
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-088458-2


"Community, ecosystem, and food web ecologists will find much interest in this book. The overall quality of the chapters is high...it provides a valuable perspective on relationships among types of food web studies." - Sharon P. Lawler, University of California at Davis, for ECOLOGY

Table of Contents

Section 1: Dynamic Food WebsMultispecies assemblages, ecosystem development, and environmental changePeter C. de Ruiter, Volkmar Wolters and John C. Moore1.2 Food web science: Moving on the path from abstraction to predictionKirk O. Winemiller and Craig A. LaymanSection 2: Dynamic Food Web Structures2.0 Introduction to Section 2: Dynamic Food Web StructuresVariation in community architecture as stabilizing mechanisms of food websJohn C. Moore2.1 From food webs to ecological networks: linking non-linear trophic interactions with nutrient competitionUlrich Brose, Eric L. Berlow and Neo D. Martinez2.2 Food web architecture and its effects on consumer resource oscillations in experimental pond ecosystemsMathew A. Leibold, Spencer R. Hall and Ottar Bjornstad2.3 Food web structure: from scale invariance to scale dependence, and back again?Carolin Banašek-Richter, Marie-France Cattin and Louis-Félix Bersier2.4 Role of Space, Time, and Variability in Food Web DynamicsKevin McCann, Joe Rasmussen, James Umbanhowar and Murray HumphriesSection 3: Population Dynamics and Food Webs3.0 Introduction Section 3: Population Dynamics and Food WebsPopulation dynamics and food webs: drifting away from the Lotka-Volterra paradigmGiorgos D. Kokkoris3.1 Modelling evolving food websAlan J. McKane and Barbara Drossel3.2 The Influence of individual growth and development on the structure of ecological communitiesAndré M. De Roos and Lennart Persson3.3 Linking flexible food-web structure to population stability: a theoretical consideration on adaptive food webs Michio Kondoh3.4 Inducible Defenses in Food WebsMatthijs Vos, Bob W. Kooi, Don L. DeAngelis and Wolf M. MooijSection 4: Body Size and Food Webs4.0 Introduction to Section 4: Body Size and Food Webs Wearing Elton's wellingtons: why body-size still matters in food websPhilip H Warren4.1 Species’ average body mass and numerical abundance in a community food web: statistical questions in estimating the relationshipJoel E. Cohen and Stephen R. Carpenter4.2 Body size scalings and the dynamics of ecological systemsLennart Persson and André M. De Roos4.3 Body size, Interaction Strength and Food Web dynamicsMark C. Emmerson, José M. Montoya and Guy Woodward4.4 Body-size determinants of the structure and dynamics of ecological networks: scaling from the individual to the ecosystemGuy Woodward, Bo Ebenman, Marc C. Emmerson, José M. Montoya, J.M. Olesen, A. Valido and Philip H. WarrenSection 5: Nutrient and Resource Dynamics and Food Webs5.0 Introduction to Section 5: Nutrient and Resource Dynamics and Food WebsUnderstanding the mutual relationships between the dynamics of food webs, resources and nutrientsTobias Purtauf and Stefan Scheu5.1 Variability in soil food web structure across time and spaceJanne Bengtsson and Matty P. Berg5.2 Functional roles of leaf litter detritus in terrestrial food websJohn L. Sabo, Candan U. Soykan and Andrew Keller5.3 Stability and interaction strength within soil food webs of a European forest transect: the impact of N depositionDagmar Schröter and Stefan C. Dekker5.4 Differential effects of consumers on C, N, and P dynamics: insights from long-term researchWyatt F. Cross, Amy D. Rosemond, Jonathan P. Benstead, Sue L. Eggert and J. Bruce Wallace5.5 Measuring the ability of food to fuel work in ecosystemsSteven H. Cousins, Kathryn V. Bracewell and Kevin Attree5.6 Towards a new generation of dynamical soil decomposer food web modelStephan C. Dekker, Stefan Scheu, Dagmar Schröter, Heikki Setälä, Maciej Szanser and Theo P. TraasSection 6: Biodiversity and Food Web Structure and Function6.0 Introduction to Section 6: Biodiversity and Food Web Structure and FunctionFood Webs, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem FunctioningPeter J. Morin6.1 Food webs and the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioningMichel Loreau and Elisa Thébault6.2 Biodiversity, food web structure, and the partitioning of biomass within and among trophic levelsJeremy W. Fox6.3 Trophic position, biotic context, and abiotic factors determine species contributions to ecosystem functioningAmy Downing and J. Timothy Wootton6.4 Does biological complexity relate to functional attributes of soil food webs?Heikki Setälä6.5 Diversity, Productivity and Invasibility Relationships in Rock Pool Food Webs Beatrix E. Beisner and Tamara N. Romanuk6.6 Measuring the functional diversity of food websOwen L Petchey, Jill McGrady-Steed and Peter J MorinSection 7 Environmental Change, Perturbations and Food Webs7.0 Tracing perturbation effects in food webs: the potential and limitation of experimental approachesDave Raffaelli7.1 Insight into pollution effects in complex riverine habitats: A role for food web experimentsJoseph M. Culp, Nancy E. Glozier, Kevin J. Cash, and Donald J. Baird7.2 Perturbations and Indirect Effects in Complex Food WebsJosé M. Montoya, Mark E. Emmerson, Ricard V. Solé and Guy Woodward7.3 Dealing with model uncertainty in trophodynamic models: a Patagonian example Mariano Koen-Alonso and Peter Yodzis7.4 Describing a species-rich river food web using stable isotopes, stomach contents, and functional experimentsCraig A. Layman, Kirk O. Winemiller and D. Albrey Arrington7.5 Communicating Ecology through Food Webs: Visualizing and quantifying the effects of stocking alpine lakes with troutSarah Harper-Smith, Eric L. Berlow, Roland A. Knapp, Richard J. Williams and Neo D. MartinezSection 8 Thematic reviews8.0 Introduction to the thematic reviewsPeter de Ruiter, John C. Moore, Volkmar Wolters8.1 How do complex food webs persist in nature?Anthony I. Dell, Giorgos D. Kokkoris, Carolin Banasek-Richter, Louis-Felix Bersier, Jennifer A. Dunne, Michio Kondoh, Tamara N. Romanuk and Neo D. Martinez8.2 Population dynamics and food web structure—Predicting measurable food web properties with minimal detail and resolutionJohn L. Sabo, Beatrix E. Beisner, Eric L. Berlow, Kim Cuddington, Alan Hastings, Mariano Koen-Alonso, Kevin McCann, Carlos Melian and John Moore8.3 Central issues for aquatic food webs: from chemical cues to whole system responses Ursula M. Scharler, Florence D. Hulot, Donald J. Baird, Wyatt F. Cross, Joseph M. Culp, Craig A. Layman, Dave Raffaelli, Matthijs Vos and Kirk O. Winemiller8.4 Spatial aspects of food webs Ulrich Brose, Mitchell Pavao-Zuckerman, Anna Eklöf, Janne Bengtsson, Matty Berg, Steven H. Cousins, Christian Mulder, Herman A. Verhoef and Volkmar Wolters