Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Modelling, Prevention and Managing

Edited by

  • Genserik Reniers, Università di Bologna, DICAM, Laboratory for Industrial Safety and Environmental Sustainability
  • Valerio Cozzani, Università di Bologna DICAM

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable.
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Audience

Top- and line management within industrial sectors handling or storing hazardous substances, chemical engineers, bio-chemical engineers, environmental managers, safety and prevention managers, research centers on industrial safety and academic researchers.

 

Book information

  • Published: July 2013
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-54323-3

Reviews

"Chemical, process, mechanical, and other engineers examine the phenomenon of a single, often simple accident cascading into a catastrophe in chemical processing operations. In sections of causes and prevention by technology and by management, they discuss such aspects as the analysis of past accidents and relevant case histories, heat radiation effects, a threshold-based approach, quantitative assessment of risk caused by domino accidents, and decision support systems for preventing domino effects."--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013




Table of Contents

1. Historical background (Seveso legislation) and importance of academic research of domino effects
2. Relevant case-histories and analysis of past accidents
3. Features of escalation scenarios
4. 4 Overpressure effects
5. Heat radiation effects
6. Missile projection
7. Other causes of Domino Effect
8. Approaches to domino effect prevention and mitigation
9. Threshold-based approach
10. Quantitative risk assessment of domino accidents
11. Detailed studies
12. Managing domino effects from a design-based viewpoint
13. Managing domino effects from a safety viewpoint
14. Decision Support Systems for preventing domino effects


Conclusions
Nomenclature
Glossary

Annexes
1 tutorial for the main methodologies in section 3
1 tutorial for the main methodologies in section 4