Differential Diagnosis for Physical Therapists book cover

Differential Diagnosis for Physical Therapists

Screening for Referral

Following the standards for competency established by the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) related to conducting a screening examination, Differential Diagnosis for Physical Therapists, 5th Edition gives you a consistent way to screen for systemic diseases and medical conditions that can mimic neuromuscular and musculoskeletal problems. This comprehensive text centers on a 5-step screening model that covers past medical history, risk factor assessment, clinical presentation, associated signs and symptoms, and review of symptoms for each client.

Online version,

Imprint: Saunders

ISBN: 978-1-4557-4558-6


  • Section One: Introduction to the Screening Process

    1. Introduction to Screening for Referral in Physical Therapy

    2. Interviewing As a Screening Tool

    3. Pain Types and Viscerogenic Pain Patterns

    4. Physical Assessment as a Screening Tool

    Section Two: Viscerogenic Causes of Neuromusculoskeletal Pain and Dysfunction

    5. Screening for Hematologic Disease

    6. Screening for Cardiovascular Disease

    7. Screening for Pulmonary Disease

    8. Screening for Gastrointestinal Disease

    9. Screening for Hepatic and Biliary Disease

    10. Screening for Urogenital Disease

    11. Screening for Endocrine and Metabolic Disease

    12. Screening for Immunologic Disease

    13. Screening for Cancer

    Section Three: Systemic Origins of Neuromusculoskeletal Pain and Dysfunction

    14. Screening in the Head, Neck, and Back

    15. Screening in the Sacrum, Sacroiliac, and Pelvis

    16. Screening in the Lower Quadrant: Buttock, Hip, Thigh, Groin, and Leg

    17. Screening in the Chest, Breast, and Ribs

    18. Screening in the Shoulder and Upper Extremity


    A. Screening Summary

    B. Special Questions to Ask

    C. Special Forms to Use

    D. Special Tests to Perform


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