Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse book cover

Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse

This unique, comprehensive approach to lameness describes the diagnosis and management of conditions that can cause gait abnormalities in horses, exploring both traditional treatments and alternative therapies. Broader in scope than any other book of its kind, it offers detailed descriptions of equine sporting activities and specific lameness conditions in major sport horse types. Up-to-date information on all imaging modalities encompasses radiography, ultrasonography, nuclear scintigraphy, thermography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, arthroscopy, tenoscopy and bursoscopy. Particular emphasis is placed on clinical examination and diagnostic analgesia. A companion CD-ROM features nearly 60 minutes of video segments that demonstrate common forelimb and hindlimb lameness and gait abnormalities.


Published: December 2002

Imprint: Saunders

ISBN: 978-0-7216-8342-3


  • PART I. Diagnosis of Lameness
    Section 1. The Lameness Examination
    1. Lameness Examination – Historical Perspective
    2. Basic Facts of Lameness
    3. Anamnesis (History)
    4. Conformation
    5. Observation
    6. Palpation
    7. Movement
    8. Manipulation
    9. Applied Anatomy
    10. Diagnostic Analgesia
    11. The Neurological Examination and Neurological Conditions Causing Gait Deficits
    12. Unexplained Lameness
    13. Assessment of Acute Onset, Severe Lameness
    14. The Swollen Limb
    Section 2. Diagnostic Imaging
    15. Radiography and Radiology
    16. Ultrasonographic Evaluation of the Equine Limb: Technique
    17. Ultrasonographic Examination of Joints
    18. Ultrasound and Orthopedic (Non-articular) Disease
    19. Nuclear Medicine
    20. Computed Tomography
    21. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    22. Video Analysis of Gait
    23. Arthroscopic Examination
    24. Tenoscopy and Bursoscopy
    25. Thermography

    PART II. The Forelimb
    Section 1. The Foot
    26. Clinical Investigation of foot pain
    27. The Foot and Shoeing
    28. Trauma to the Sole and Wall
    29. Functional Anatomy of the Palmar Aspect of the Foot
    30. Navicular Disease and Other Soft Tissue Causes of Palmar Foot Pain
    31. Treatment and Prognosis of Navicular Disease
    32. Fracture of the Navicular Bone
    33. Primary Lesions of the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon within the Hoof Capsule
    34. The Distal Phalanx and Distal Interphalangeal Joint
    35. Laminitis
    Section 2.
    36. The Proximal and Middle Phalanges and the Proximal Interphalangeal Joint
    37. The Metacarpophalangeal Joint
    38. The Metacarpal Region
    39. The Carpus
    40. The Antebrachium
    41. The Elbow, Brachium, and Shoulder

    PART III. The Hindlimb
    42. The Hindfoot
    43. The Metatarsophalangeal Joint
    44. The Metatarsal Region
    45. The Tarsus
    46. The Crus
    47. The Stifle
    48. The Thigh
    49. Mechanical Lameness in the Hindlimb
    50. Estrus and Lameness

    PART IV. The Axial Skeleton
    51. Diagnosis and Management of Pelvic Fractures in the Thoroughbred Racehorse
    52. Pelvic Injuries in the Non-racehorse
    53. Diagnosis and Management of Sacroiliac Joint Injuries
    54. The Thoracolumbar Spine
    55. The Cervical Spine and Soft Tissues of the Neck

    PART V. Developmental Orthopedic Disease and Lameness
    56. Pathogenesis of Osteochondrosis
    57. The Role of Nutrition in DOD/Nutritional Management
    58. Diagnosis and Management of Osteochondrosis and Osseous Cyst-like Lesions
    59. Physitis
    60. Angular Limb Deformities
    61. Felxural Limb Deformity in Foals
    62. Cervical Stenotic Myelopathy

    PART VI. Arthritis
    63. Osteoarthritis
    64. Markers of Osteoarthritis: Implications for Early Diagnosis and Monitoring of Pathology and Effects of Therapy
    65. Models of Equine Joint Disease
    66. Infectious Arthritis
    67. Non-infectious Arthritis
    68. Other Conditions of Joints

    PART VII. The Soft Tissues
    69. Pathophysiology of Tendon Injury
    70. Superficial Digital Flexor Tendonitis
    71. Deep Digital Flexor Tendonitis
    72. Desmitis of the Accessory Ligament of the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon
    73. The Suspensory Apparatus
    74. Clinical Use of Stem Cells and Marrow Components to Stimulate Suspensory Ligament Regeneration
    75. Diseases of the Digital Synovial Sheath, the Palmar Annular Ligament, and Digital Annular Ligaments
    76. The Carpal Canal and the Carpal Synovial Sheath
    77. The Tarsal Sheath
    78. Extensor Tendon Injury
    79. Curb
    80. The Bursae
    81. Other Soft Tissue Injuries
    82. Tendon Lacerations
    83. Soft Tissue Injuries in the Pastern Region
    84. Skeletal Muscle and Lameness

    PART VIII. Therapeutics
    Section 1. Traditional Therapy
    85. Principles and Practices of Joint Disease Treatment
    86. Epidural Analgesia
    87. Bandaging, Splinting, and Casting
    88. External Skeletal Fixation
    89. Counterirritation
    90. Cryotherapy: Theory and Applications
    91. Radiation Therapy
    92. Rest and Rehabilitation
    Section 2. Complementary (Non-traditional) Therapy
    93. Acupuncture
    94. Chiropractic Evaluation and Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders
    95. Therapeutic Use of Ultrasound, Lasers, and Electromagnetics
    96. Massage, Stretching, Homeopathy, and Herbs
    97. Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation
    98. Osteopathic Treatment of the Axial Skeleton of the Horse
    99. Shock Wave Therapy

    PART IX. Lameness in the Sport Horse
    Section 1. Poor Performance
    100. Poor Performance and Lameness
    101. Experiences Using a High Speed Treadmill for the Evaluation of Lameness
    Section 2. The Racehorse
    102. The Sales Yearling
    103. Pathophysiology and Clinical Diagnosis of Cortical and Subchondral Bone Injury
    104. Biochemical Markers of Bone Cell Activity
    105. The Bucked Shin Complex
    106. The On-the-Track Catastrophe in the Thoroughbred Racehorse
    107. Catastrophic Breakdowns
    108. Track Surfaces and Lameness
    109. Thoroughbreds
    110. Standardbreds
    111. The Racing Quarterhorse
    112. The Racing Arabian
    113. The National Hunt Race Horse, Point to Point Horse, and Timber Racing Horse
    114. The Finnish Horse and Other Scandinavian Cold-Blooded Trotters
    Section 3. Non-Racing Horses
    115. The Prepurchase Examination of the Performance Horse
    116. The Hunter and Jumper
    117. The Dressage Horse
    118. The Three-Day Event Horse
    119. The Endurance Horse
    120. The Polo Pony
    121. The Western Performance Horse
    122. Walking Horses
    123. Saddlebreds
    124. The Arabian and Half-Arabian Show Horse
    125. The Driving Horse
    126. Draft Horses
    127. The Pony
    128. Breeding Stallions and Broodmares
    129. The Foal
    130. The Pleasure Riding Horse


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