Diagenesis, I book cover

Diagenesis, I

Diagenesis is a highly developed, interdisciplinary field of study. It is reciprocal in that it borrows from numerous scientific or technological specialities and then, in turn, repays them with useful results. Too often, however, the information gained and concepts developed remain unintegrated instead of being utilized quickly by several related earth-science fraternities. This volume, the first of a multi-volume work, attempts to bring together such information, thereby assisting the individual and the research group in keeping up with the data explosion.There is no end in sight to diagenetic research because of its wide practical and intellectual appeals. Consequently, periodic reviews, such as presented in this volume, are greatly needed.

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Published: July 1988

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-42720-5

Reviews

  • As an encyclopedic review of diagenesis with particular reference to ore deposits, this book should be of value to those with a special interest in these topics.
    Australian Mineral Foundation, AMF Informative Book Review Series

Contents

  • Introduction (K.H. Wolf, G.V. Chilingarian). 1. Ore-related diagenesis - an encyclopedic review (K.H. Wolf, G.V. Chilingarian). Part I - General aspects of ore diagenesis. General comments. Purpose and aim of an encyclopedic summary. Diagenesis: Part of methodological models and research and exploration analogues. General versus particular. Overview of ore-related diagenesis in terms of check-lists and catalogues. Definitions, terminologies, classifications; ranges, overlaps, transitions; limitations; parageneses. Part II - Parameters of diagenesis (i.e. that must be considered). Adsorption (sorption, desorption). Advection. Age (dating). Aging. Algae, algal mats. Association - assemblage of minerals. Bacteria. Barriers. Biological factors. Carbonates. Cementation. Chromium. Clay minerals. Climate. Coagulation. Coated grains. Colloids. Color. Compaction. Complexing. Concentration. Concretions - nodules. Copper. Coprecipitation. Crystallography. Cycles. Dating. Depth. Differentiation - fractionation - partitioning. Diffusion - dispersion. Distribution. Dolomitization - dolomite - dedolomitization. Eh-controls (oxidation, reduction). Electrodiagenesis. Energy. Entropy. Environments (depositional). Epigenesis. Estuary environments. Evaporites - evaporation. Evolution - development - trends. Facies. Fjord environments. Fluids (solutions). Fluid inclusions. Fluorite. Fracturing. Gases (volatiles). General (topics, references). Glauconite. Gold. Gossans. Heat. Historical development. Hydrology (fluid dynamics). Hydrothermal. Interstitial (pore) fluids. Ion-exchange. Ionic potential. Iron. Isotopes. Karst - karstification. Kupferschiefer-type deposits. Kuroko-type deposits. Lake/lacustrine environment. Leaching. Limestones. Magnesite. Magnetism. Manganese. Mass balance. Maturation (of sedimentary basins). Metamorphism. Mississippi Valley-type ores. Mixing (of fluids). Mobility (elemental). Multi-factorial. Multi-stage. Nucleation - nuclei. Oil - ore relationships. Organic matter. Osmosis. Paragenesis. pH. Phosphates - phosporites. Photochemistry. Pollution. Porosity - permeability. Precipitation. Pressure. Pyrite - pyritization. Rare earth elements (REE). Recrystallization. Red-beds. Reducing (anoxic, euxinic, stagnant, black shale). Remobilization - mobilization. Replacement. Reworking (chemical, mechanical). River environments. Salinity. Sandstones. Silification - silica - chert. Silver. Solubility. Solutions. Sources. Specialization. Structures - structural controls. Suspensate (-type diagenesis). Tectonism. Temperature. Textures - microstructures - fabrics. Thermodynamics. Thixotropy. Time - rate - residence time. Transportation. Traps (diagenetic traps). Unconformity - control. Uniformitarianism. Upwelling. Uranium. Volcanic - exhalative processes (hydrothermal - diagenesis). Water (including ocean seawater). Weathering - supergenesis. Zoning. Epilogue - brief notes on criteria and models. Criteria or evidence of diagenesis. Conceptual models of ore genesis. 2. Sandstone diagenesis in relation to preservation, destruction and creation of porosity (K. Bjørlykke). Introduction. Mechanical compaction. Porewater composition and porewater flow. Reduction in porosity due to precipitation of cement. Formation of new porosity during diagenesis (secondary porosity). Alternative sources of acid reactions during deep burial. Diagenesis and plate-tectonic setting. Clastic diagenesis and the properties of sandstone reservoir. Analytical and petrographic methods used in the study of diagenesis of sandstones. Conclusions. Future research. Subject Index.

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