Design Aspects of Used Lubricating Oil Re-Refining book cover

Design Aspects of Used Lubricating Oil Re-Refining

Design Aspects of Used Lubricating Oil Re-Refining presents a feasible and comprehensive technology for recycling of used lubricating oils. This book discusses efficient and effective ways of reusing lubricating oil which, if implemented, will result in a better quality of life, the stability of the environment, the health of national economies and better relationships between nations. It presents essential experimental results for process designers and engineers to establish a complete process design. The conditions and behaviour in each step in the re-refining process, (dehydration, solvent extraction, solvent stripping, and vacuum distillation) are examined in order to discover ways to recover and reuse wastes that are produced by lubricating oils.

Audience
Recommended to engineers and scientists in the oil refining industry as well as chemical engineering and industrial chemistry students as the methodologies outlined in this book will be useful in their project design, and enhance their analytical knowledge of a chemical process with respect to productivity and efficiency

Hardbound, 122 Pages

Published: April 2006

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-52228-3

Contents

  • Chapter 1: IntroductionChapter 2: Background 2.1 Virgin Oil Characteristics
    2.1.1 Oxidation Inhibitor
    2.1.2 Detergent and Dispersant Additives
    2.1.3 Viscosity Index Improvers
    2.1.4 Pour Point Depressants
    2.2 Used Lubricating Oil Characteristics
    2.2.1 Extraneous Contaminants
    2.2.2 Products of Oil Deterioration
    2.3 Effects of Oil Contaminants
    2.4 The Hydrocarbon Composition of Used Oil
    2.5 Physical and Chemical Tests of Used Lubricating Oil
    2.6 Used Oil Recovery Processes
    2.6.1 Dehydration of Used Oil
    2.6.2 Solvent Treatment
    2.6.3 Vacuum Distillation
    2.6.3.1 Used Oil Without Pre-treatment
    2.6.3.2 Used Oil With Solvent Extraction Pre-treatment

    Chapter 3: Experimental, Materials andMethods 3.1 Materials
    3.2 Solvent Extraction Experimental Design
    3.3 Experimental Apparatus
    3.3.1 The Oldershaw Sieve Plate Column
    3.3.2 The Vacuum Distillation Unit
    3.3.2.1 The Distillation Apparatus
    3.3.2.2 The Vacuum Unit
    3.3.3 Simple Vacuum Distillation Unit
    3.3.4 Simple Atmospheric Distillation Unit
    3.4 Experimental Procedures
    3.4.1 Dehydration
    3.4.2 Solvent Extraction
    3.4.2.1 Optimum Solvent to Oil Ratio
    3.4.2.2 Optimum Solvents Composition
    3.4.2.3 Preparation of Large Amounts of Solvent Treated Oil
    3.4.3 Vacuum Distillation
    3.4.3.1 Used Lubricating Oil
    3.4.3.2 Virgin Oil
    3.4.3.3 Solvent Treated Oi
    3.5 Analysis and Tests Methods

    Chapter 4:The Re-refining Process Experimental Results4.1 Dehydration
    4.2 Solvent Extraction
    4.2.1 The Optimum Solvent to Oil Ratio
    4.2.2. Optimum Solvent Composition
    4.2.2.1 Model Fitting
    4.2.2.2 The Optimisation Procedure
    4.3 Solvent Stripping
    4.4 Vacuum Distillation
    4.4.1 Used Lubricating Oil
    4.4.1.1.Vacuum Pressure
    4.4.1.1 Boiling Points
    4.4.2 Virgin Lubricating Oil
    4.4.2.1 Heat Rate
    4.4.2.2 Charge
    4.4.3 Solvent Treated Oil
    4.4.3.1 Reflux Ratio
    4.4.3.2 Vacuum Pressure
    4.4.3.3 Reflux Time Base
    4.5 Comparison of the Properties of Used oil, Virgin Oil, and Used Solvent Treated Oil Distillates
    4.6 Comparison between Used Oil, Virgin Oil and Re-refined Oil
    4.7 Comparison between Still Pot, Liquid Condensate, and Vapour Temperatures
    4.8 Pilot Plant and Mass Balance Calculations

    Chapter 5: Re-refining Process Conclusions

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