Cross-Border Resource ManagementBy
- Rongxing Guo, Regional Science Association of China (RSAC), Peking University, Beijing
Rational exploitation and utilization of natural and environmental resources is more difficult in cross-border areas than in areas under the jurisdiction of a single authority. Moreover, cross-border resource management is constrained by the number of independent stakeholders involved. The primary reasons for this come from the uneven spatial distribution of production factors as well as the non-cooperative cross-border mechanism resulting from two or more political regimes. Faced with cross-border pollution, policymakers tend to be shortsighted, emphasizing the direct costs and benefits of their own regional development at the expenses of their neighbors. In addition, research institutions and international donor agencies have not paid full attention to the problems common in cross-border areas. Consequently, cross-border area studies remain a marginalized, easily forgotten topic.
The main objectives of this book are to clarify how natural and human systems interact in cross-border areas under conditions of uncertain, imperfect information and, in some circumstances, irreversibility; to identify and, where possible, quantify the various impacts of the 'border' on the environmental activities in cross-border areas; to evaluate the costs and benefits of cross-border cooperation in the exploitation and utilization of natural and environmental resources; and to recommend measures in improving national and international legal and regulatory mechanisms for resource exploitation and environmental protection in cross-border areas.
Hardbound, 354 Pages
- Part One. Theory.1. Some basic concepts.1.1 Political unit.1.2 Border.1.3 Border-area.2. Resource management and cross-border areas.2.1 Literature review.2.2 Resource management in cross-border areas.2.3 Factors influencing cross-border resource management.3. Can cross-border resources be optimally managed?3.1 Resource management under a single regime.3.2 Resource management under n regimes.3.3 Obstacles for cross-border resource management.4. Cross-border resource management: methodological puzzles.4.1 Cross-border separation and resource management.4.2 Are there any cross-border environmental trajectories? 4.3 Dilemmas in choosing cross-border management approaches.4.4 Are 'borders' always bad for resource management? 5. Institutions for cross-border resource management.5.1 Domestic laws and regulations.5.2 International laws and treaties: principles.5.3 International laws and treaties: categories.5.4 Cross-border resource cooperation.6. Cross-border resource management in disputed areas.6.1 Resource scarcity and cross-border conflict. 6.2 Cross-border conflict and resource management.6.3 Approaches for resource management in disputed areas.Part Two. Practice.7. The triangular resource management of the Tumen River area.7.1 Northeast Asia and the Tumen River delta.7.2 The Tumen River Area Development Program (TRADP).7.3 The triangular environmental issues of the Tumen River area.7.4 Future perspective. 8. The transnational water pollution in the Lower Mekong Basin.8.1 The Lower Mekong Basin (LMB).8.2 Analytical approach.8.3 Results of estimation. 8.4 Policy implications. 9. The U.S.-Mexico border environment cooperation. 9.1 The U.S.-Mexico border area and the Maquiladoras.9.2 The environmental problems along the U.S.-Mexico border.9.3 The U.S.-Mexico border environment cooperation.9.4 Unresolved issues.10. China's interprovincial border disputes at Lake Weishan. 10.1 The administrative evolution of Lake Weishan. 10.2 Interprovincial border disputes and Lake Weishan.10.3 How have the interprovincial border disputes been resolved? 10.4 The determinants of the interprovincial border disputes. 10.5 Is there any solution?Appendices.A1. A list of internationally adjacent protected areas. A2. United Nations convention on the law of the sea (selected articles). A3. The U.S.-Mexican agreement concerning the establishment of a border environment cooperation commission (selected articles).A4. The U.S.-Canadian agreement relating to the exchange of information on weatherModification activities. Bibliography.