Crop Physiology

Applications for Genetic Improvement and Agronomy


  • Victor Sadras, South Australian R&D Institute, Adelaide, Australia
  • Daniel Calderini, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile

From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems.

Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability.

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Primary:Agronomists; plant geneticists and plant breeding professionals; crop physiologists, ecologists, and ecophysiologists; plant physiologists Secondary:horticultural scientists; those involved with grain and cereal crops and sustainable agriculture; environmental microbiologistsTertiary:Students of plant breeding and crop ecophysiology


Book information

  • Published: September 2014
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-417104-6

Table of Contents

1. Crop Physiology: applications for breeding and agronomy
Victor O. Sadras and Daniel F. Calderini

Part 1: Farming Systems

2. High yield maize-soybean cropping systems in the U.S. corn belt
Patricio Grassini, James E. Specht, Matthijs Tollenaar, Ignacio Ciampitti, Kenneth G. Cassman

3. Farming systems of China: Innovations for sustainable crop production
Weijian Zhang, Chengyan Zheng, Zehnwei Song, Aixing Deng, Zhonghu He

4. Improving farming systems in northern Europe
Pirjo Peltonen-Sainio, Ari Rajala, Hannu Kankanen, Kaija Hakala

5. Raising productivity of maize-based cropping systems in Eastern and Southern Africa: Step-wise intensification options
John Dimes, Daniel Rodriquez, Andries Potgieter

6. Cropping systems in high yielding potential environments in Southern Chile
Mario Mera, X. Carolina Lizana, Daniel F. Calderini

7. Cereal yield in Mediterranean-type environments: challenging the paradigms on terminal drought, the adaptability of barley vs wheat and the role of nitrogen fertilization
Roxana Savin, Gustavo A. Slafer, C. Mariano Cossani, L. Gabriela Abeledo, Victor O. Sadras

Part 2: Carbon, water and nutrient economies of crops

8. Quantifying crop responses to nitrogen deficiency and avenues to improve nitrogen-use efficiency
Fran√ßois Gastal, Gilles Lemaire, Jean-Louis Durand,Ga√ętan Louarn

9. A Darwinian perspective on improving nitrogen-fixation efficiency of legume crops and forages
R. Ford Denison

10. Senescence and crop performance
Howard Thomas, Helen Ougham

11. Improving Water Transport for Carbon Gain in Crops
Timothy J. Brodribb, Meisha-Marika Holloway-Phillips, Helen Bramley

Part 3: Genetic improvement and agronomy

12. Genetic and Environmental Effects on Crop Development Determining Adaptation and Yield
Gustavo A. Slafer, Adriana G. Kantolic, Maria L. Appendino, Gabriela Tranquilli, Daniel J. Miralles, Roxana Savin

13. Characterizing the crop environment - nature, significance and applications
Karine Chenu

14. Model assisted phenotyping and ideotype design
Pierre Martre,Bénédicte Quilot-Turion, Delphine Luquet, Mohammed-Mahmoud Ould-Sidi Memmah, Karine Chenu, Philippe Debaeke

15. Crop phenotyping for physiological breeding in grain crops: a case study for maize
Maria E. Otegui, Lucas Borr√°s, Gustavo A. Maddonni

16. Breeding challenge: improving yield potential
M.J. Foulkes, M.P. Reynolds, R. Sylvester-Bradley

17. Improving grain quality. Ecophysiological and modelling tools to develop management and breeding strategies
Luis Aguirrezábal, Pierre Martre,, Gustavo Pereyra-Irujo, María Mercedes Echarte, Natalia Izquierdo

18. Integrated views in plant breeding: from the perspective of biotechnology
Grazia M. Borrelli, Luigi Orr√Ļ, Pasquale De Vita, Delfi na Barabaschi, Anna M. Mastrangelo, Luigi Cattivelli

19. Integration of biotechnology, plant breeding and crop physiology. Dealing with complex interactions from a physiological perspective
Fernando H. Andrade, Rodrigo G. Sala, Ana C. Pontaroli, Alberto León, Sebastián Castro

20. Crop modelling for climate change impact and adaptation
Senthold Asseng, Yan Zhu, Enli Wang, Weijian Zhang