Criminology Theory

Selected Classic Readings

By

  • Frank Williams, III
  • Marilyn McShane

A distinguished collection of readings representing the fundamental perspectives of criminology theory, this anthology presents original classics that are intelligible to undergraduates as well as graduates. Classic works from criminologists such as Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham, Cesare Lombroso, Clifford R. Shaw and Henry D. McKay, Thorsten Sellin, Edwin H. Sutherland, Ronald L. Akers, Robert K. Merton, Albert K. Cohen, Richard A. Cloward and Lloyd E. Ohlin, Walter B. Miller, Howard S. Becker, Edwin M. Lemert, Richard Quinney, Steven Spitzer, Austin T. Turk, Gresham M. Sykes and David Matza, Walter C. Reckless, Travis Hirschi, Lawrence E. Cohen and Marcus Felson, and Dorie Klein.
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Book information

  • Published: February 1998
  • Imprint: ANDERSON PUBLISHING
  • ISBN: 978-0-87084-201-6


Table of Contents

Section I: THE FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN CRIMINOLOGY

CLASSICAL SCHOOL

Cesare Beccaria

On Crimes and Punishments

CLASSICAL SCHOOL

Jeremy Bentham

Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

POSITIVE SCHOOL

Cesare Lombroso

Crime: Its Causes and Remedies

Section II: THE CHICAGO SCHOOL AND DERIVATIVES

ECOLOGICAL THEORY

Clifford R. Shaw & Henry D. McKay

Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas

CULTURE CONFLICT THEORY

Thorsten Sellin

The Conflict of Conduct Norms

DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY

Edwin H. Sutherland

Differential Association

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY

Ronald L. Akers

A Social Learning Perspective on Deviant Behavior

Section III: STRAIN AND SUBCULTURE THEORIES

ANOMIE THEORY

Robert K. Merton

Social Structure and Anomie

SUBCULTURE THEORY

Albert K. Cohen

Delinquent Boys

DIFFERENTIAL OPPORTUNITY THEORY

Richard A. Cloward & Lloyd E. Ohlin

Delinquency and Opportunity

FOCAL CONCERN THEORY

Walter B. Miller

Lower Class Culture as a Generating Milieu of Gang Delinquency

Section IV: LABELING THEORY

LABELING THEORY

Howard S. Becker

Outsiders

LABELING THEORY

Edwin M. Lemert

Secondary Deviance

Section V: CONFLICT THEORIES

CONFLICT THEORY

Richard Quinney

The Social Reality of Crime

CONFLICT THEORY

Steven Spitzer

Toward a Marxian Theory of Deviance

CONFLICT THEORY

Austin T. Turk

Political Criminality

Section VI: SOCIAL CONTROL THEORIES

TECHNIQUES OF NEUTRALIZATION

Gresham M. Sykes & David Matza

Techniques of Neutralization

CONTAINMENT THEORY

Walter C. Reckless

A New Theory of Delinquency and Crime

SOCIAL CONTROL THEORY

Travis Hirschi

A Control Theory of Delinquency

Section VII: CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES

ROUTINE ACTIVITY THEORY

Lawrence E. Cohen & Marcus Felson

A Routine Activity Approach

FEMALE CRIMINALITY

Dorie Klein

The Etiology of Female Crime