Coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Processes of Fractured Media

Mathematical and Experimental Studies

Edited By

  • O. Stephanson, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
  • L. Jing, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
  • C.-F. Tsang, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA

This work brings together the results, information and data that emerged from an international cooperative project, DECOVALEX, 1992-1995. This project was concerned with the mathematical and experimental studies of coupled thermo(T) -hydro(H) -mechanical(M) processes in fractured media related to radioactive waste disposal.

The book presents, for the first time, the systematic formulation of mathematical models of the coupled T-H-M processes of fractured media, their validation against theoretical bench-mark tests, and experimental studies at both laboratory and field scales. It also presents, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of continuum, and discrete approaches to the study of the problems of (as well as a complete description of), the computer codes applied to the studies.

The first two chapters provide a conceptual introduction to the coupled T-H-M processes in fractured media and the DECOVALEX project. The next seven chapters give a state-of-the-art survey of the constitutive models of rock fractures and formulation of coupled T-H-M phenomena with continuum and discontinuum approaches, and associated numerical methods. A study on the three generic Bench-Mark Test problems and six Test Case problems of laboratory and field experiments are reported in chapters 10 to 18. Chapter 19 contains lessons learned during the project.

The research contained in this book will be valuable for designers, practising engineers and national waste management officials who are concerned with planning, design and performance, and safety assessments of radioactive waste repositories. Researchers and postgraduate students working in this field will also find the book of particular relevance.

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Book information

  • Published: February 1997
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-82545-2

Table of Contents

ITA conceptual introduction to coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical processes in fractured rocks (C.-F. Tsang, O. Stephansson). Validation of mathematical models against experiments for radioactive waste repositories - DECOVALEX experience (L. Jing et al.). Constitutive models for rock joints (Y. Ohnishi et al.). Coupled thermohydroelasticity phenomena in variably saturated fractured porous rocks - formulation and numerical solution (J. Noorishad, C.-F. Tsang). Continuum representation of coupled hydromechanic processes of fractured media: homogenisation and parameter identification (A. Stietel et al.). FEM analysis of coupled THM processes in fracturedmedia with explicit representation of joints (S.-M. Tijani, G. Vouille). Distinct models for the coupled T-H-M processes: theory and implementation (M.P. Ahola et al.). Modelling approaches for discrete fracture network flow analysis (A.W. Herbert). Influence of fictitious outer boundarieson the solution of external field problems (G. Rehbinder). Generic study of coupled THM processes of nuclear waste repositories as far-field initial boundary value problems (BMTI) (A. Millard et al.). Generic study of coupled T-H-M processes of nuclear waste repositories as near-field initialboundary value problems (BMT2) (T. Chan et al.). Generic study of coupled T-H-M processes in the near-field (BMT3) (P. Wilcock). Mathematical simulations of coupled THM processes of Fanay-Augères field test by distinct element and discrete finite element methods (A. Rejeb). Experimentalinvestigation and mathematical simulation of coupled T-H-M processes of the engineered buffer materials, the TC3 problem (T. Fujita et al.). Coupled mechanical shear and hydraulic flow behaviour of natural rock joints (M.P. Ahola et al.). Experimental investigation and mathematicalsimulation of a borehole injection test in deformable rocks (J. Rutqvist et al.). Experimental study on the coupled T-H-M processes of single rock joint with a triaxial test chamber (J. Pöllä et al.).Experimental study on dynamic behaviour of rock joints (M.P. Ahola et al.). Lessons Learned from DECOVALEX (L. Dewiere et al.). Short description of VIPLEF code (S.-M. Tijani). Short description of FLAC version 3.2 (J.I. Israelsson). Short descriptions of UDEC* and 3DEC* (J.I. Israelsson). The NAPSAC fracture network code (P. Wilcock). Description of the computer codeFRACON (T.S. Nguyen). THAMES (Y. Ohnishi, A. Kobayashi). ROCMAS simulator; athermohydromechanical computer code (J. Noorishad, C. Tsang). Short description of CASTEM 2000 and TRIO-EF (A. Millard). ABAQUS (L. Börgesson).