Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine

By

  • John August, BVetMed, MS, MRCVS, Diplomate, ACVIM, Professor of Feline Internal Medicine, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX

An invaluable addition to every small animal clinician's library, this resource investigates the latest topics and therapies in feline internal medicine such as neurogenic micturition disorders, chronic rhinosinusitis, feline asthma, osteoarthritis and geriatrics, obesity and its health consequences, shelter medicine, overpopulation, cruelty toward cats. Includes new, full-color illustrations throughout!
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Book information

  • Published: November 2005
  • Imprint: SAUNDERS
  • ISBN: 978-0-7216-0423-7

Reviews

John August is a British veterinarian who received his pre-veterinary education at Eastbourne College in Sussex, England 1973, and then graduated with honours from the Royal Veterinary College at the University of London, became a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons. Following his European education he then moved to the USA where he became established as a university professor, first at Auburn University (where he received his Master of Science degree in 1977 and became a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine in 1979, then at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (where he became Associate Professor and Co-ordinator of Medical Services in 1982). Following this at Texas A&M University he was appointed Professor of Companion Animal Medicine in 1986 while serving as Head of the Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery from 1986 until 1997. In 1997, he was one of six administrators of Texas A&M University to be selected for a year-long internships in the Centre for Leadership in Higher Education, and in 2001 he was nominated by the President of the Texas A&M University as on Campus Co-Chair of the Advisory Council for the “Vision 2020” , a Project aimed at establishing Texas A&M University as one of the top 10 Universities in the USA by the year 2020. His professional interests include feline medicine and distance education. Presently, he is lead instructor on two federally-funded projects providing distance learning through two-way compressed video and the World-Wide Web. He is also heavily involved in teaching as well as serving the feline clientele by sharing responsibility for the feline internal medicine service in the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at Texas A&M.

John R. August is also the editor-in-chief of Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine, which has now become a series of 5 volumes. Volumes 1, 2, 3, and 4 were published respectively by the W.B. Saunders Company in January 1991, 1994, 1997, and 2001. Volume 5 is the last, and most likely the best of the whole series.
What makes this book very special is that, besides being informative, innovative and easy to consult when in a hurry, it is so very readable. If one has time, it is easy to start reading a chapter or a paragraph and get caught following it through as the reader is often confronted with very challenging statements and observations concerning important issues such as vaccination against caliciviruses (“Most caliciviruses vaccines have incomplete efficacy” – Janet Foley, page 6); the role of cat food in the development of odontoclastic resorptive lesions (“Many commercially available cat foods contains excess concentrations of vitamin D” – Kenneth Lyon, page 69), or in the development of hypothyroidism (“Most dog and cat foods contain relatively high levels of goitrogenic compounds such as phtalates. Cast fed a soy-containing diet had higher TT4 and FT4 concentrations than cats fed a soy-free diet” – Duncan Ferguson and Richard Freedman, page 212); the relationship between cobalamin and chronic gastrointestinal disease (“The half life of cobalamin in healthy cats is approximately 13 days, whereas in 2 cats with inflammatory bowel disease the half life was reduced to approximately 5 days” – Craig Ruaux, page 122); the absence of 100% association between high free T4 concentration and hyperthyroidism (“Up to 12% of cats with nonthyroidal illness that do not have hyperthyroidism have high free T4 concentrations for reasons that are unclear” - Mark Peterson, pag 194); the lack of efficacy of transdermal applications (Most published reports on transdermal application of drugs to cats showed that absorption was incomplete, nonexistent or highly inconsistent among cats –Mark Papich, page 280).

Furthermore, this book has an enormous amount of attractive colour, high quality photographs, figures and schemes illustrating the pathogenesis of diseases, as well as an abundance of tables and charts illustrating reference ranges, clinical signs, differential diagnoses, diagnostic algorithms, or comparison of advantages and disadvantages of various treatments. This is definitely a remarkable difference from other textbooks the majority of which feature mostly black and white and a few colour pictures. I counted all the colour pictures of cats, ultrasounds, X-rays, CAT scans and found out that they total the incredible number of 510! And this is without taking into account tables, charts, diagrams and referenced work. Some chapters feature an enormous amounts of beautiful colour pictures such as “Controversial and emerging diseases” (John Rest, pages 267-278, 34 colour pictures with an incredible one of a 43.5 cm long linear granuloma), “Performing the neurological examination” (John Coates and Jonathan Levine, pages 449-462, with 36 colour pictures), or some of the chapters of the section cardiology and respiratory disorders, with lots and lots of original, excellent quality pictures some of which are really outstanding (such as a 28-cm female heartworm within the pulmonary vasculature of an 18-year old castrated male cancer patient, initially spotted on ultrasound and then photographed on autopsy, Clark Atkins and Annette Litster, page 327). The chapter on recognition and management of stress in housed cats (Brenda Griffin and Kelly Hume, pages 717-734) features 32 beautiful colour pictures with the last one, the cat watching a Cat-programme on TV, which is definitely a must!

The layout and relative importance of some chapters of the book reflect the North American situation with respect to, for instance, spaying and neutering attitudes. Few cats make it intact to the adult age in the US and UK, and therefore the reproduction section of this book is fairly short and, although very interesting to practitioner (see the paragraph about the practical use of a commercially available LH assay kit to distinguish between sexually intact and gonadectomized queens - Brenda Griffin, page 221) of a breadth and depth which is on a different scale than the rest of the book.
Some chapters are truly innovative, like the entire section on Population Medicine (pages 675-753) with contributions on Feline euthanasia in animal shelters, Cruelty towards cats and Recognition and management of stress at home which cannot be found anywhere else on printed paper. Likewise the chapters on Treatment-related or Tumour-related emergencies in feline oncology, or Medical record-keeping for the feline patient (Section on Oncology, pages 613-670).

This is “The Book” for feline practitioners, certainly the most interesting, innovative, clear and concise textbook on the market, the best of the 5 edited so far by Dr. August, and one which currently has no rivals in the bookstore.

Reviewed by Professor Stefano Romagnoli(I), for EJCAP



Table of Contents

Section I Infectious Diseases
Chapter 1 Calicivirus: Spectrum of Disease
Chapter 2 Cutaneous Manifestations of Viral Disease
Chapter 3 Infectious Uveitis
Chapter 4 Bartonellosis
Chapter 5 Bacterial Causes of Enteritis and Colitis
Chapter 6 New Diagnostic Tools for Infectious Diseases
Chapter 7 Opportunistic Fungal Infections
Chapter 8 Localized and Generalized Tetanus

Section II Gastrointestinal System
Chapter 9 Odontoclastic Resorptive Lesions
Chapter 10 Esophagitis and Esophageal Strictures
Chapter 11 Current Considerations for Evaluating Liver Function in the Cat
Chapter 12 Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis
Chapter 13 Cobalamin in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Gastrointestinal Disease
Chapter 14 Clinical Staging for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Chapter 15 Diarrhea in Kittens
Chapter 16 Practical Aspects of Enteral Nutrition

Section III Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
Chapter 17 Update on Hypercalcemia Disorders
Chapter 18 Transdermal Therapeutics
Chapter 19 Pathogenesis and Management of Obesity
Chapter 20 Options for Monitoring Diabetic Cats
Chapter 21 Diagnostic Methods for Hyperthyroidism
Chapter 22 Update on Treatment of Hyperthyroidism
Chapter 23 Goiter in Apparently Euthyroid Cats
Chapter 24 Diagnostic Usefulness of and Clinical Syndromes Associated with Reproductive Hormones

Section IV Dermatology
Chapter 25 Update on Feline IgE and Diagnostic Recommendations for Atopy
Chapter 26 Eosinophils and Eosinophilic Diseases
Chapter 27 Demodicosis
Chapter 28 Bacterial Pyoderma
Chapter 29 Diagnosis and Management of Pemphigus Foliaceus
Chapter 30 Controversial and Emerging Diseases
Chapter 31 Drug Therapy in Cats: Precautions and Guidelines
Chapter 32 Recent Research on Dermatophytosis

Section V Cardiology and Respiratory Disorders
Chapter 33 Cardiomyopathy: Establishing a Diagnosis
Chapter 34 Cardiomyopathy: Therapeutic Decisions
Chapter 35 Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular
Cardiomyopathy
Chapter 36 Dirofilariasis
Chapter 37 Prevention and Management of
Thromboembolism
Chapter 38 Chronic Rhinosinusitis
Chapter 39 Bronchial Disease
Chapter 40 Pleural Disease

Section VI Urinary System
Chapter 41 Acute Ureteral Obstruction
Chapter 42 Clinical Progression of Early Chronic Renal Failure and Implications for Management
Chapter 43 Upper Tract Uroliths: Questions, Answers, Questions
Chapter 44 Lithotripsy
Chapter 45 Proteinuria
Chapter 46 Dietary Considerations for Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis
Chapter 47 New Insights in the Pathophysiology of Idiopathic Cystitis
Chapter 48 Revisiting Bacterial Urinary Tract Infection

Section VII Neurology
Chapter 49 Review of the Neurologic Examination
Chapter 50 Polyneuropathies
Chapter 51 Miscellaneous Spinal Cord Disorders
Chapter 52 Neurogenic Micturition Disorders
Chapter 53 Miscellaneous Encephalopathies
Chapter 54 Brain Tumors
Chapter 55 Seizure Disorders and Treatment Options
Chapter 56 Vestibular Disorders

Section VIII Hematopoietic and Lymphatic Systems
Chapter 57 Safety of Blood and Blood Products
Chapter 58 New Generation of Blood Products
Chapter 59 Thromboembolic Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment
Chapter 60 Anemia
Chapter 61 Platelet Disorders
Chapter 62 Interpreting the Leukogram
Chapter 63 Plasma Cell Neoplasms
Chapter 64 Update on Haemoplasmosis

Section IX Oncology
Chapter 65 Tumor-Related Feline Oncology Emergencies
Chapter 66 Dilemmas in Lymph Node Cytology
Chapter 67 Extranodal Lymphosarcoma
Chapter 68 Malignant Effusions
Chapter 69 Tumors of the Urinary Tract
Chapter 70 Treatment-Related Emergencies in Feline Oncology
Chapter 71 Supportive Medical Care and Pain Management in Feline Cancer Patients
Chapter 72 Dealing with Client Grief

Section X Population Medicine
Chapter 73 Behavior of Single Cats and Groups in the Home
Chapter 74 Euthanasia of Cats in the Animal Shelter Environment
Chapter 75 Cruelty Toward Cats
Chapter 76 Killing Cats and Killing Birds: An Overview of Philosophical Issues Involving Feral Cats and Wildlife
Chapter 77 Zoonotic and Vector-Borne Infections in High-Density Cat Populations
Chapter 78 Recognition and Management of Stress in Housed Cats
Chapter 79 Controlling Feline Respiratory Disease in Animal Shelters
Chapter 80 Osteoarthritis