Condensed Encyclopedia of Polymer Engineering Terms book cover

Condensed Encyclopedia of Polymer Engineering Terms

This reference book provides a comprehensive overview of the nature, manufacture, structure, properties, processing, and applications of commercially available polymers.The main feature of the book is the range of topics from both theory and practice, which means that physical properties and applications of the materials concerned are described in terms of the theory, chemistry and manufacturing constraints which apply to them. It will therefore enable scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work as well as providing polymer technologists, engineers and designers with a theoretical background.

Audience
Materials scientists, engineers, and designers--students (reference) and professionalsManufacturing and process engineers/designers and industrial chemists

Hardbound, 800 Pages

Published: April 2001

Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann

ISBN: 978-0-7506-7210-8

Reviews

  • ...an excellent general reference resource for engineers, chemists, technologists, and technicians, as well as students. Working definitions and explanations are given for nearly four hundred terms typically encountered in the industry. Most terms are also cross-referenced to other terminology so the reader can locate other areas as well. A wealth of tables, graphs and figures are liberally sprinkled throughout the book...Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering Journal Recommended as a solid, reliable addition to undergraduate through professional collections in polymer science, materials science, plastics, and engineering.-Choice ...will enable scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work as well as provide polymer technologists, engineers, and designers with a theoretical background. - Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe

Contents


  • Preface

    About The Author

    Abbreviations of Polymers

    Chapter A

    Abs (Acrylonitrile butadiene Styrene)

    Accelerators

    Acrylic Resin

    Acrylic (Polyacrylate)

    Activators

    Additive

    Adhesives

    Air Cooled Heat Exchanger

    Alcohol

    Alkali

    Alkyl

    Ambient

    American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

    American Society for Testing and Materials

    Amorphous

    ANSI

    Antioxidants

    Antiozonant

    Apparent Viscosity

    Aromatic

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

    Auto-Ignition Temperature

    Chapter B

    Batch Intensive Mixing

    Base

    Benzene

    Birefringence

    Block Copolymers

    Boiling Point

    Bulk Polymerization

    Blown-Film Extrusion

    Blow Molding

    Brookfield Viscosity

    Butane

    Butyl (IIR)

    Chapter C

    Calendering

    Calorie

    Capillary Viscometer

    Carbon Black

    Carbon Type Analysis

    CAS Registry Numbers

    Casting

    Cavitation

    Cellular Plastics

    Cellulose Acetate Propionate

    Chemical Antiozonants

    Chemical Resistance

    Chemical Transportation Emergency Center

    Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC)

    Chloroprene Or Neoprene, and Designated Cr

    Chlorosulphonated Polyethylene

    Chromatography

    Cleveland Open Cup (COC)

    Closed Cup Method

    Cloud Point Temperature

    Coating

    Code of Federal Regulations

    Coextrusion

    Cokneader

    Cold-Flow Improver

    Cold Molding

    Colorants

    Composites

    Compounded Oil

    Compounding

    Compression Set

    Condensers

    Cone-Plate Rheometer

    Congealing Point

    Control Charts

    Copolymers

    Compression Molding

    Compression Molds

    Codette Rheometer

    Cracking

    Cross-Linked Polymers

    Creep Rupture

    Crystalline Polymer

    Crystallization

    Cure Rheometer

    Cure Time

    Cusum Chart

    Chapter D

    Degradable Plastics

    Demulsibility

    Demulsifier

    Denaturing Oil

    De-Oiling

    Department of Transportation (DOT)

    Detergent

    Dewaxing

    Die Swell

    Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

    Diluent

    Distillate

    Distillation

    Distillation Test

    Distributive Mixing

    Drawing Compound

    Dry Spinning

    Dynamic Demulsibility

    Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA)

    Chapter E

    Elasto-Hydrodynamic (EHD) Lubrication

    Elasticoviscous Fluids

    Elastomers

    Embossing

    Emulsion Polymerization

    Emulsion

    EWMA Control Chart

    Energy

    EP Additive

    Epoxy Resins

    EP Rubbers

    EP Terpolymer

    Ester

    Eva (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate)

    Evaporation

    Extensional Rheometry

    Extrusion

    Chapter F

    Fabrication Processes

    Fatigue Testing

    FDA (Food and Drug Administration)

    Fmerglass

    FMER Orientation

    Fiber Reinforcement

    Fire Point

    Flame Ionization

    Flammable Limits

    Flammability Range

    Flash Point

    Foaming

    Foamed Thermoplastics

    Foamed Thermosets

    Food Additive

    Four-Ball Method

    Freezing Point

    Fretting

    Friction

    Chapter G

    Gas Chromatography

    Gas-Phase Polymerization

    Gel Permeation Chromatography

    GPC/DRI/Lalls

    GPC/DRI/VIS

    GPC/DRI/UV

    GPC/DRI/FRIR

    Grafting (Radiation Type)

    Chapter H

    Half-Life

    Halogen

    Halogenated Hydrocarbons

    Hand Lay-Up Technique

    HDPE (High Density Polyethylene)

    HMWDPE (High Molecular Weight Polyethylene)

    Heat of Combustion

    Heat of Decomposition

    Heat of Solution

    Heat of Polymerization

    Heptane

    Hexane

    High-Pressure Polymerization

    High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)

    Homogenization

    Humidity

    Hydrocarbon

    Hydrocarbon Waxes

    Chapter I

    Ignition Temperature

    ICP Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

    Impact Strength

    Injection Molding

    Injection Stretch Blow Molding

    In-Line Screw Injection Molds

    Internal Batch Mixers

    Internal Mixing Procedures

    Ion Chromatography (IC)

    Ionomers (Surlyn)

    Ion Selective Electrodes (ISE)

    ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

    ISO Standards

    Chapter J

    Jelly, White Petroleum

    Jetness

    Joule

    Joule's Law

    Joule-Thomson Effect

    Chapter K

    Kinematic Viscosity

    Kinetic Energy

    Knit Line

    Chapter L

    Lamination

    Latent Heat of Vaporization

    Late Toxicity

    Lethal Concentration

    Lethal Dose

    Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE)

    Liquid Chromatography

    Liquid Crystal Polymers

    Liquid Heat Capacity

    Liquid Viscosity

    LLDPE (Low Linear Density Polyethylene)

    Long Chain Branching

    Chapter M

    Machining

    Mastic

    Mass Spectrometry (MS and GC/MS)

    Matched Mold Forming

    MBS (Polymethacrylate butadiene Styrene)

    Melamlnes

    Melting Point of Wax

    Melt Phase Thermoforming

    Melt Flow Indexer

    Melt Fracture

    Melt Spinning

    Microscopy

    Mill Mixing

    Mineral Spirits

    Mixing Practices

    Molds

    Molecular Weight

    Mooney Viscosity

    Multiple-Screw Extruders

    Chapter N

    National Bureau of Standards (NBS)

    National Electrical Manufacturers association (NEMA)

    National Fire Protection association (NFPA)

    National Sanitation Foundation (NSF)

    Natural Rubber (NBR)

    NFPA Hazard Classification

    Nitrile Rubbers (NBR)

    Novolac Resins

    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer

    Chapter O

    Oil Content of Petroleum Wax

    Oscillating Disc Rheometer (ODR)

    Ozone Cracking

    Chapter P

    Packing Group

    Paek(Polyaryletherketone)

    PBT (Polybutylene Terephtalate)

    Peek (Polyetheretherketone)

    Pel (Polyetherimide)

    Pekekk(Polyetherketoneetherketoneketone)

    Penetrometer

    Peroxides

    Peroxide Cross-Linking

    Personal Protective Equipment

    Pes (Polyethersulfone)

    Pet (Polyethylene Terephtalate)

    Petg (Polyethylene Terephtalate Glycol)

    Phenolics

    Pipe Or Tube Extrusion

    Plasma Polymerization

    Plastics Technical Evaluation Center (Plastec)

    Plasticity

    Plasticizers

    Plastisols and Organosols

    Plate-And-Frame Heat Exchanger

    Plunger-Type Transfer Molding

    PMMA (Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic))

    Polar Compound

    Polyacrylonitrile

    Polyamide

    Polyarylsulfone(Pas)

    Polyblends

    Polybutylene (PB)

    Poly(Butylene Terephthalate) (PBT)

    Polycarbonate (PC)/Abs Blends

    Poly(Cyclohexanedimethylene Terephthalate) (PCT)

    Polyethylene

    Poly(Ethylene 2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylate) (PEN)

    Poly(Etheretherketone) (PEEK)

    Polyimide (TPI)

    Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA)

    Polypropylene (PP)

    Polyoxymethylene(POM)

    Polystyrene Crystal (XPS)

    Polysulfone (PSO)

    Polysulphides

    Polyurethanes

    Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC)

    Polyvinylidene Chloride (PVDC)

    Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)

    Pom (Acetal)

    Postcuring

    Potential Energy

    Ppa (Polyphthalamide)

    Ppe (Phenylene Ether Co-Polymer)

    Pps (Polyphenylene Sulfide)

    Preforming

    Preplasticating Equipment

    Pressure Forming

    Process Oil

    Profiling

    Chapter R

    Reaction Injection Molding

    Recycling

    Refined Wax

    Refractive Index

    Reinforcements

    Relative Thermal Index

    Resin

    Resin Transfer Molding

    Resole Formation

    Rheology

    Rotational Molding

    Rubber Compounding

    Rubber Oil

    Rubber Oxidation

    Chapter S

    San (Styrene Acrylonitrile Copolymer)

    Scanning Electron Microscopy

    Scorch

    Sealing Components

    Seal Swell (Rubber Swell)

    Semi-Crystalline Thermoplastics

    Screw Configurations

    Screw Transfer Molding

    Sealants

    Shear Stress

    Sheet Extrusion

    Shell and Tube Type Heat Exchanger

    Shellac

    Shewhart Control Chart

    Short-Term Inhalation Limits

    Silicone

    Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE)

    Society of Plastics Industry (SPI)

    Solubility

    Solution Polymerization

    Solvent

    Specific Gravity

    Specific Heat

    Spiral-Plate Heat Exchanger

    Stabilizers

    Stepwise SPC Chart

    Stoddard Solvent

    Stress Strain Behavior

    Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)

    Styrene Maleic Anhydride

    Sulfur Vulcanization

    Surface Grafting

    Suspension Polymerization

    Swell and Shrinkage Tests

    Synthetic Rubber

    Chapter T

    Thermal Analysis

    Thermoforming

    Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)

    Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA)

    Thermoplastics

    Thermosetting Resins

    Time-Dependent Fluids

    Titanium Catalyst Systems

    Toxicity by Ingestion

    Toxicity by Inhalation (Threshold Limit Value)

    TP (Thermoplastic Elastomer Polyester)

    TPE (Thermoplastic Elastomers)

    TPO (Thermoplastic Elastomer Polyolefin)

    TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane)

    Trade Names

    Transfer Molding

    Transmission Electron Microscopy

    Chapter U

    Ultrasonic Parts assembly

    Underwriters Laboratories (UL)

    Units of Measurement

    UN Hazard Classes and Dmsions

    V-Tube Heat Exchanger

    Ureas

    Chapter V

    Vacuum Forming

    Vanadium Catalyst

    Vapor (Gas) Specific Gravity

    Varnish

    Viscoelastic Behavior

    Viscosity Index (V.I.) Improver

    Viscosity-Temperature Relationship

    Volatility

    Vulcanization

    Vulcanizing Agents

    Chapter W

    Wax (Petroleum)

    Wax Appearance Point (WAP)

    Welding

    White Oil

    Chapter X

    X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    Xylene

    Chapter Y

    Yield

    Chapter Z

    Ziegler Natta Catalysts

    Ziegler Polymerization Process

    Index


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