Composting Municipal Sludge

A Technology Evaluation


  • Arthur A. Benedict

A guide to the technologies involved in composting sludge from municipal waste facilities, including case studies from small municipalities and metropolitan areas.
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Municipal waste treatment facilities.


Book information

  • Published: December 1988
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1162-5

Table of Contents

1. Introduction Objectives Facilities Inventory Composting Technologies Facilities and Methods Report Contents2. Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions Recommendations3. Static Pile Facility Descriptions Hampton Roads Facility Site II Facility Columbus Facility Comparison of Static Pile Site Features4. Windrow Facility Descriptions Los Angeles Facility Denver Facility References5. Static Composting Operations Assessment Operations Assessment Methods Operations Assessment Results Postconstruction Comparison6. Windrow Composting Operations Assessment Operations Assessment Methods Los Angeles Assessment Results Denver Assessment Results Postconstruction Comparison References7. Cost Evaluation Capital Expenditures Operating Costs Compost Sales Revenue Postconstruction Cost Comparison8. Comparison of Technologies Facility Features Operating Features Performance Comparison Design and Operating ConsiderationsAppendix A: Inventory of Full-Scale Municipal Sludge Composting FacilitiesAppendix B: Ambient Temperature Effect on Static Pile Temperature DevelopmentAppendix C: Key Design and Operating Considerations for Static Pile and Windrow TechnologiesMetric Conversion Factors