Colloid and Surface Chemistry

By

  • E.D. Shchukin, The Johns Hopkins University, Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Baltimore, MD, USA and Moscow State University, Department of Chemistry, Moscow 119899, Russia
  • A.V. Pertsov
  • E.A. Amelina, Moscow State University, Department of Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
  • A.S. Zelenev, ONDEO Nalco Company, Naperville, IL, USA

This book covers major areas of modern Colloid and Surface Science (in some countries also referred to as Colloid Chemistry) which is a broad area at the intersection of Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Material Science investigating the disperse state of matter and surface phenomena in disperse systems. The book arises of and summarizes the progress made at the Colloid Chemistry Division of the Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) over many years of scientific, pedagogical and methodological work.
Throughout the book the presentation of fundamental theoretical and experimental approaches and results is combined with discussion of general scientific basis of their role in nature and applications in various technological processes.
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Audience

For graduate students, engineers, technologists, and academic and industrial scientists working in the areas that deal with the applications related to disperse systems and interfacial phenomena.

 

Book information

  • Published: December 2001
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-50045-8


Table of Contents

Chapter headings. Selected papers. Surface Phenomena and the Structure of Interfaces in One-Component Systems. Introduction to the thermodynamics of the discontinuity surfacein a single component system. The surface energy and intermolecular interactions in condensed phases.The Adsorption Phenomena. Structure and Propertiesof Adsorption Layers at the Liquid-Gas Interface. Principles of adsorption thermodynamics. The Gibbs equation. Structure and properties of the adsorption layers at the air-water interface. Interfaces Between Condensed Phases. Wetting. The interfaces between condensed phases in two-component systems. Adsorption at interfaces between condensed phases.The Formation of Disperse Systems. Thermodynamics of disperse systems: the basics. Thermodynamic principles of the formation of new phase nuclei.Transfer Processes in Disperse Systems. Concepts of non-equilibrium thermodynamics as applied to transfer processes in disperse systems. General principles of the theory of percolations. The molecular-kinetic properties of disperse systems.Lyophilic Colloidal Systems. The conditions of formation and thermodynamic stability of lyophilic colloidal systems. Critical emulsions as lyophilic colloidal systems.General Causes for Degradation and Relative Stability of Lyophobic Colloidal Systems. The stability of disperse systems with respect to sedimentation and aggregation. Role of Brownian motion. Molecular interactions in disperse systems.Structure, Stability and Degradation of Various Lyophobic Disperse Systems. Aerosols. Foams and foam films.Principles of Physical-Chemical Mechanics. Description of mechanical properties of solids and liquids. Structure formation in disperse systems. Subject index.