Coal Energy Systems


  • Bruce Miller, Associate Director, The Energy Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Coal is currently a major energy source in the United States as well as throughout the world, especially among many developing countries, and will continue to be so for many years. Fossil fuels will continue to be the dominant energy source for fueling the United States economy, with coal playing a major role for decades. Coal provides stability in price and availability, will continue to be a major source of electricity generation, will be the major source of hydrogen for the coming hydrogen economy, and has the potential to become an important source of liquid fuels. Conservation and renewable/sustainable energy are important in the overall energy picture, but will play a lesser role in helping us satisfy our energy demands. This book is a single source covering many coal-related subjects of interest ranging from explaining what coal is, where it is distributed and quantities it can be found in throughout the world, technical and policy issues regarding the use of coal, technologies used and under development for utilizing coal to produce heat, electricity, and chemicals with low environmental impact, vision for untilizing coal well into the 21st century, and the security coal presents.
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Professional personnel in the coal industry including managers, directors, project monitors, engineers, policy makers, and regulators. A secondary market would be undergraduate and graduate environmental engineering students.


Book information

  • Published: October 2004
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-497451-7

Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction to CoalWhat is Coal?Origin of CoalCoalificationClassification of CoalCoal Distribution and ResourcesReferences2. Past, Present, and Future Role of CoalThe Use of Coal in the Pre-Industrial Revolution EraThe Use of Coal during the Industrial RevolutionPost-Industrial Revolution Use of CoalOverview of Energy in the United StatesCoal Production in the United StatesCoal Consumption in the United StatesU.S. Coal Exports and ImportsWorld Primary Energy Production and ConsumptionFuture Projections of Energy Use and Coal’sRole of Cole in the United States’ 2001 Energy PolicyReferences3. The Effect of Coal Usage on Human Health and the EnvironmentCoal MiningCoal PreparationCoal TransportationCoal Combustion By-Products (CCB)Emissions from Coal CombustionReferences4. Coal-Fired Emissions and Legislative Action in the United StatesMajor Coal-Related Health EpisodesHistory of Legislative Action for Coal-Fired Power PlantsEmissions Legislation in other CountriesAir Quality and Coal-Fired EmissionsReferences5. Technologies for Coal UtilizationCoal CombustionCarbonizationGasificationLiquefactionReferences6. Emissions Control Strategies for Power PlantsCurrently Regulated EmissionsPollutants with Pending Compliance RegulationPotential Future Regulated EmissionsMultipollutant ControlReferences7. Future Power Generation (Near Zero Emissions During Electricity Generation)Clean Coal Technology Demonstration ProgramPower Plant Improvement InitiativeClean Coal Power InitiativeVision 21FutureGenBenefits of the DOE’s Clean Coal PowerReferences8. Coal’s Role in Providing United States Energy SecurityOverview of U.S. Energy Security IssuesNational Energy Plan and Coal UtilizationEnergy and the EconomyNatural Gas Use in Power GenerationThe Potential of Coal to Reduce U.S. Dependency on Imported Crude OilThe Resurgence of Coal in Electric Power GenerationProduction of Hydrogen from CoalThe Role of Coal in Providing Security to the U.S. Food SupplyCoal’s Role in International Energy Security and Sustainable DevelopmentConcluding StatementsReferencesAppendix A. Coal-Fired Emission FactorsAppendix B. Original List of Hazardous Air PollutantsAppendix C. Initial 263 Units Identified in Phase I of the Acid Rain ProgramAppendix D. Commercial Gasification Facilities WorldwideIndex