K. Tuszynski, Introduction.CNS Responses to Injury:M. Sofroniew, Neuronal Responses to Injury.R. Grill and M. Tuszynski, Axonal Responses to Injury.J. Silver, Glial Responses to Injury.J. Zivin, Excitotoxins and Free Radicals.Promoting CNS Recovery:R. Lindsay, Neurotrophic Factors.J. Kordower and M. Tuszynski, Fetal Cell Grafts: General Principles.F. Gage, Primary CNS Progenitor Cells.E. Snyder, Immortalized Neural Progenitor Cells.X. Breakfield, Genetic Engineering.Promoting Recovery in Neurological Disease:J. Kordower, Introduction to Parkinson's Disease.P. Brunding, Fetal Grafts in Parkinson's Disease: Rat Models.J. Sladek, Fetal Grafts in Parkinson's Disease: Primate Models.O. Isaacson, Xenografts for Parkinson's Disease.J. Kordower and R. Bakay, Fetal Grafts in Parkinson's Disease: Human Studies.B. Hoffer, GDNF for Parkinson's Disease.K. Bankiewicz, Genetic Engineering for Parkinson's Disease.M. Peschanski, Huntington's Disease: Fetal Grafting O. Isaacson and J. Kordower, Huntington's Disease: Neurotrophic Factors.M. Tuszynski, Introduction to Alzheimer's Disease.M. Tuszynski, J. Kordower, E. Mufson, and F. Gage,Neurotrophic Factors, Gene Therapy and Alzheimer's Disease.C. Cotman, bFGF for Alzheimer's Disease.J. Kordower and T. Collier, Fetal Grafts for Alzheimer's Disease: Animal Models.P. Aebischer, ALS: Neurotrophic Factors and Encapsulated Cells.M. Tuszynski, R. Grill, and A. Blesch, Gene Therapy and Spinal Cord Injury.M. Bunge, Schwann Cells and Synthetic Matrices for Spinal Cord Repair.K. Shannon, Designing Clinical Trials. Subject Index.