Closed Circuit Television


  • Joe Cieszynski, Training Consultant, Manchester, U.K.

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) surveillance remains a growing industry in response to increased security threats, and whilst new developments have brought clearer images, digital recording and high speed data transmission, effective security systems still rely upon proper specification and installation by engineers with an in depth knowledge of CCTV principles and technology.The third edition of Closed Circuit Television provides a thorough technical guide for all those involved in the design, specification, installation and maintenance of CCTV systems. Fully dual-standard for PAL and NTSC systems, the book covers the essential equipment and topics of relevance to practitioners, managers and students on vocational and industry training courses. Extended coverage of flat screen devices, digital recording, and a new chapter on networking principles, bring this popular guide up to date with the latest developments in the field.Joe Cieszynski is a well-known technical writer with a wealth of experience in the security industry. After many years of college lecturing on TV, video and security topics, he currently acts as City & Guilds’ Chief Examiner for security systems and provides independent CCTV system consultancy.
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Security system designers; installation and maintenance engineers; security managers running or commissioning CCTV systems; vocational students, students following Security Industry Training Organisation (SITO), BTEC and independent training courses covering security systems and CCTV.


Book information

  • Published: November 2006
  • Imprint: NEWNES
  • ISBN: 978-0-7506-8162-9

Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgements1. The CCTV IndustryThe role of CCTVThe CCTV Industry2. Signal TransmissionCCTV signalsCo-axial cableGround loopsTwisted pair cableStructured cablingPower over EthernetRibbon cableFibre-optic cableInfrared beamMicrowave linkUHF RF transmissionCCTV via the telephone networkConnectorsCable test equipment3. Light and LightingLight and the human eyeMeasuring lightLight characteristicsArtificial lighting4. LensesLens theoryLens parametersZoom lensesElectrical connectionsLens mountsFiltersLens adjustmentLens finding5. Fundamentals of televisionProducing a rasterPicture resolutionSynchronizationThe luminance signalThe chrominance signalTelevision signalsDigital video signalsVideo compressionMPEG-2 compressionMPEG-4 compressionWavelet compressionCommon interchange format (CIF)ITU-T recommendations6. The CCTV CameraCharge coupled deviceCCD chip operationElectronic irisIR filtersColour imagingCamera operationWhite balanceBack light compensationColour/ mono camerasCamera sensitivityCamera resolutionCamera operating voltagesSpecialized camerasCovert cameras360 degree camerasNumber plate recognition cameras7. Video Display EquipmentThe cathode ray tubeThe colour CRTCRT moitorsMonitor safetyLiquid crystal displays (LCDs)Plasma display panels (PDPs)Projection systemsTermination switchingResolutionErgonomics8. Video Recording EquipmentDigital video recorders (DVRs)DVR principleEffects of compressionRecording capacityRAID disk recordingDigital video information extractionVHS recordingTime-lapse recordingVCR maintenanceVideo head cleaningTape management and careDigital video tape9. Camera switiching and multiplexingSequential switchingMatrix switchingThe quad splitterVideo multiplexersVideo motion detection (VMD)10. Telemetry ControlControl data transmissionPan/tilt (P/T) controlReceiver unitDome systemsData communications11. CCTV over networksNetwork topologyNetwork hardwareNetwork communicationsIPv4 classesReserved addressesSubnettingAssigning IP addressesManually assigned IP addressesAddress resolution protocol (ARP)AutoconfigurationDomain name service (DNS)PortsOther network protocolsIPv6Network diagnosticsCCTV over a networkNetwork CCTV exampleIntegrating analogue camerasSummary12. Ancillary equipmentCamera mountingsTowers and columnsPan/tilt unitsMonitor bracketsPower suppliesVoltage drop13. Commissioning and MaintenanceCommissioningMeasuring resolutionSystem handoverPreventative maintenanceCorrective maintenanceFault locationOscilliscope default settingsGlossary of CCTV termsIndex