Clinical Neurophysiology at the Beginning of the 21st Century book cover

Clinical Neurophysiology at the Beginning of the 21st Century

At the end of the 20th Century we have seen dramatic developments in our understanding of nervous system diseases, many at the molecular genetic level, with corresponding refinements in diagnostic ability. The various fields of clinical neurophysiology have experienced many technical advances; at the same time enormous progress in imaging techniques and molecular biology has been made which produce ever-increasing opportunities for the development of effective therapies.

The book provides a unique opportunity to have a global view of the actual role of clinical neurophysiology, going from the extreme periphery of the nervous system to the highly sophisticated brain processes, to judge our position at the end of the 20th Century and our goals for the beginning of the New Millennium in the diagnosis, prognosis and management of peripheral and central nervous system disorders.

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Published: December 2000

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-50499-9

Contents

  • Preface. List of Contributors. I. Special Lectures 1. Kugelberg Lecture: Neurophysiological studies of collateral reinnervation in man (E. Stålberg). 2. Berger Lecture: Chronobiology of sleep/wake and of sleepiness/alertness states in normal and sleep disordered human subjects (R. Broughton). 3. Adrian Lecture: Can EEG coherence help solve the binding problem? (M. Hallett).II. Clinical Neurophysiology in Intensive Care Unit and Neuromonitoring4. Clinical neurophysiology in the intensive care unit (C.F. Bolton, U. Zifko, S.J. Bird). 5. Electromyography in the paediatric intensive care unit (C.F. Bolton). 6. Pediatric electromyography in the acute care setting (H.R. Jones Jr.) 7. Acute polyneuropathies encountered in the intensive care unit (M.A.C.J. De Letter). 8. Neuromonitoring in the operating room and intensive care unit: an update (J.-M. Guérit, P. Amodio, H. Hafner, G. Litscher, A.C. Van Huffelen). 9. Continuous ICU EEG monitoring (M.R. Nuwer, K.G. Jordan). 10. Long-term EEG monitoring in neonatal and pediatric intensive care (M. Thordstein, R. Bågenholm, S. Andreasson, J. Ouchterlony, N. Löfgren, F. Göthe, S. Nivall, A. Hedström, K. Lindecrantz, I. Kjellmer, B.G. Wallin). 11. Neurophysiology of anaesthesia (V. Jäntti, A. Yli-Hankala).III. Trends in EMG and Conduction Studies 12. The clinical neurophysiology of diseases of neuromuscular transmission (D.B. Sanders, L.H. Phillips, II). 13. Quantitation and standardization in EMG and neurography (E. Stålberg, A. Fuglsang-Federiksen, C. Bischoff). 14. Motor unit number estimation (MUNE) with nerve conduction studies (J.R. Daube, C. Gooch, J. Shefner, R. Olney, K. Felice, M. Bromberg). 15. Electrophysiologic diagnostics of very early stages of ALS (B. Emeryk-Szajewska). 16. Preferential involvement of the fast conducting corticospinal tracts in patients with ALS (N. Kohara, R. Kaji, Y. Kojima, J. Kimura). 17. Role of EMG in the evaluation of presumed myopathies in the era of DNA analysis (B.T. Darras). 18. Pediatric clinical EMG challenge with bulbar dysfunction (F. Renault). 19. Physiology and electromyography of swallowing and its disorders (C. Ertekin, J.B. Palmer). 20. Multi-channel surface EMG in clinical neurophysiology (D.F. Stegeman, M.J. Zwarts, Ch. Anders, T. Hashimoto). 21. TeleMedicine and internet EMG (J.F. Jabre, E.V. Stålberg, R. Bassi).IV. Motor Control 22. Recent developments in our understanding of motor control, cortico-motoneuronal connections and the activation of motoneurons and motoneuronal pools (J.F. Jabre, M. Hallett, R. Lemon, D. Kernell). 23. Synchronization of lower limb motor units in spastic patients (N.L. Hansen, S. Hansen, C. Crone, L.O.D. Christensen, N. Petersen, J.E. Nielsen, F. Biering-Sørensen, J.B. Nielsen). 24. Reciprocal inhibition in hemiplegic patients - a longitudinal study (C. Crone, L.L. Johnsen, J. Nielsen). 25. Long-lasting simultaneous activation of cortical and subcortical structures in movement preparation and execution (I. Rektor). 26. Spatiotemporal ERD/ERS patterns during voluntary movement and motor imagery (G. Pfurtscheller). 27. The Bereitschaftspotential as an electrophysiological tool for studying the cortical organization of human voluntary action (L. Deecke). 28. The thalamic contribution to the emergence of the readiness potential (C.H.M. Brunia, D.A. Bosch, J.D. Speelman, M.M.C. Van den Berg-Lenssen, G.J.M. Van Boxtel). 29. Event-related desynchronization of the mu rhythm in extension and flexion finger movements (A. Stančák, Jr.).V. Autonomic Nervous System: Neurophysiologic Testing 30. Anatomy and physiology of the autonomic regulation of intestine and the urogenital system (B. Neundoerfer). 31. Clinical neurophysiology of pelvic floor disorders (D.B. Vodušek, C.J. Fowler, V. Deletis, S. Podnar). 32. Autonomic nervous system evaluation: diagnosis of rectal and low gut dysfunction (M. Bittinger, M. Wienbeck). 33. Neurophysiologic pelvic floor testing (C.J. Fowler). 34. Erectile dysfunction - diagnostic approach and treatment options (M.J. Hilz). 35. Evaluation of bladder dysfunction (Ch. Riedl, J.L. Brod).VI. EEG and Epilepsy 36. EEG in neonates. What does the neonatal EEG tell about prognosis? (A.W. De Weerd). 37. Evolution of EEG and seizures in childhood (V. Komárek, K. Štěrbová, L. Faladová). 38. Seizures and pseudoseizures (S. Noachtar, M. Carreno, N. Foldvary, H.O. Lüders). 39. EEG changes and epilepsy in developmental dysphasia (O. Dlouhá, S. Nevšímalová). 40. Source localization of interictal epileptiform spike potentials estimated with dipole tracing method using surface and subdural EEG recordings (R. Flink, S. Homma, A. Kanamaru, K. Miyamoto, Y. Okamoto). 41. Clinical use of magnetoencephalography (N. Forss, N. Nakasato, J. Ebersole, T. Nagamine, R. Salmelin).VII. Evoked Potentials Update 42. Topics in transcranial magnetic stimulation (M. Hallett, C.M. Epstein, A. Berardelli, H. Sackeim, P. Maccabee). 43. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology of vision (S. Tobimatsu, G.G. Celesia, B.A. Haug, M. Onofrj, F. Sartucci, V. Porciatti). 44. Field specific visual evoked potentials for assessment of peripheral field defect in a paediatric population (G.F.A. Harding, K.A. Robertson, I. Holliday). 45. Electrophysiological correlates of dementia (G. Comi, L. Leocani).VIII. Sleep and Sleep Disorders 46. Circadian rhythmicity: from basic science to clinical approach (H. Illnerová, A.A. Borbély, A. Wirz-Justice, J. Praško). 47. Reducing the risk of sudden infant death (A. Kahn, J. Groswassser, P. Franco, I. Kelmanson, M. Sottiaux, I. Kato, T. Sawaguchi, B. Dan). 48. Gates to awakening in early development (P. Salzarulo, F. Giganti, G. Ficca, I. Fagioli, M. Toselli). 49. Insomnia in children (Y. Navelet, J. Chambry, P. Ferrari). 50. Daytime behavioral correlates of awakenings and bedtime resistance in preschool children (O. Bruni, F. Lo Reto, S. Miano, S. Ottaviano). 51. Excessive sleepiness: clinical aspects (M. Billiard, R. Broughton, S. Nevšímalová). 52. A contribution to pathophysiology of idiopathic hypersomnia (S. Nevšímalová, K. Blažejová, H. Illnerová, I. Hájek, J. Vaňková, M. Pretl, K. Šonka). 53. The treatment of narcolepsy (R. J. Broughton). 54. Rett's syndrome - spindle activity analysis and NREM sleep (M. Pretl, M.J. Challamel, S. Nevšímalová).IX. Clinical Topics 55. Nervous system channelopathies (G.G. Celesia). 56. Guillain-Barré syndrome: an overview of current concepts (Z. Ambler). 57. Mononeuropathies of infancy and childhood (H.R. Jones, Jr.). 58. Spondylotic cervical myelopathy: three aspects of the problem (Z. Kadaňka, J. Bednařík, S. Voháňka, L. Stejskal, V. Smrčka, O. Vlach). 59. Are motor evoked potentials (MEPs) helpful in the differential diagnosis of spondylotic cervical myelopathy (SCM)? (M. Weber, A. Eisen). 60. Current aspects of pathogenesis and therapy of multiple sclerosis (O.J. Kolar, F.W. Han, K.K.H. Huler, M.A. Muckway). 61. Clinical neurophysiological approaches to neuromuscular fatigue (M. Tröger, N. Vøllestad, R. Dengler, K.R. Mills). 62. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses in childhood (P. Santavuori, L. Lauronen, K. Kirveskari, L. Åberg, K. Sainio).X. Ethics in Neuroscience Foreword (J.V. Trontelj). 63. European trends in bioethics: medical research on persons unable to consent (J.V. Trontelj). 64. Persistent vegetative state: clinical and ethical issues (G.G. Celesia). 65. The project of a European protocol on human genetics (S.F. Winter).Subject Index

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