Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Understanding and Perspectives from Forest Research

Edited by

  • Rainer Matyssek, Technische Universität München, Germany
  • N Clarke, Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute
  • P. Cudlin, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • T.N. Mikkelsen, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
  • J-P. Tuovinen, Finnish Meteorological Institute
  • G Wieser, Federal Office and Research Centre for Forests
  • E. Paoletti, IPP-CNR

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research” for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services.
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Audience

Forestry scientists, environmental scientists, policy makers

 

Book information

  • Published: November 2013
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-08-098349-3

Reviews

"...invaluable and indispensible for all who wish to take part in the discussion on an informed level and especially for those who are in a position where they need to make sociopolitical decisions…"--Journal of Forest Science, 60, 2014 (8)

"This is the report from a 2009-13 study…to increase understanding of the state of forest ecosystems and their potential to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment; and to reconcile process-oriented research, long-term monitoring, and applied modeling at comprehensive forest research sites to be established."--ProtoView.com, April 2014




Table of Contents

PART I Introduction into the scope and structure of the book
Ch. 1 Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global  Challenges:  Knowledge, Understanding and Perspectives  from Forest Research, R. Matyssek , N. Clarke, P. Cudlin , T.N. Mikkelsen, J.-P. Tuovinen , G. Wieser , E. Paoletti PART II Interactions between trace gases, climate change and vegetation
Ch. 2 Gaseous exchange between forests and the atmosphere, S. Cieslik, J.-P. Tuovinen, M. Baumgarten, R. Matyssek, Patricia Brito, G. Wieser
Ch. 3 Nutrients or pollutants? — Nitrogen deposition to European forests, W. Eugster, M. Haeni
Ch. 4 Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds and their impacts on  biosphere-atmosphere interactions, F. Loreto and S. Fares
Ch. 5 Air pollution risks to northern European forests in a changing climate, J.-P. Tuovinen, H. Hakola , P.-E. Karlsson and D. Simpson
PART III Significance of biotic processes in forest ecosystem response
Ch. 6 Ozone Research, quo vadis ? Lessons from the free-air canopy fumigation experiment at Kranzberg  Forest, R. Matyssek, G. Wieser, F. Fleischmann, L. Grünhage
Ch. 7 Soil respiration and soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition in response to climate change, J. Kruse, J. Simon, and H. Rennenberg
Ch. 8 Mycorrhizosphere complexity, H. Kraigher, M. Bajc, T. Grebenc
Ch. 9 Tree and forest responses to interacting elevated atmospheric  CO2 and tropospheric O3: A synthesis of experimental evidence, J. King, L. Liu and M. Aspinwall
Ch. 10 Belowground Carbon Cycling at Aspen FACE: Dynamic Responses to CO2 and O3 in Developing Forests, K.S. Pregitzer and A. F. Talhelm
Ch. 11 Impacts of atmospheric change on tree-arthropod interactions, J.J. Couture and R. L. Lindroth
PART IV Mechanistic and diagnostic understanding for risk assessment and up-scaling
Ch. 12 Flux-based ozone risk assessment for adult beech and spruce forests, L. Grünhage, R. Matyssek, G. Wieser, K.-H. Häberle, M. Leuchner, A. Menzel, J. Dieler, H. Pretzsch, W. Grimmeisen, L. Zimmermann, S. Raspe, M. Schröder
Ch. 13 Integrative leaf level phytotoxic ozone dose assessment for forest risk modelling, Dizengremel, Y. Jolivet, A. Tuzet, A. Ranieri, D. Le Thiec
Ch. 14 Integrated studies on abiotic stress defence in trees: The case of ozone, D. Ernst
Ch. 15 Metabolomics and transcriptomics increase our understanding about defence responses and genotypic differences of northern deciduous trees to elevating ozone, CO2 and climate warming, E. Oksanen, S. Keski-Saari, S. Kontunen-Soppela, M. Keinänen
PART V Global dimension of air pollution as part of climate change
Ch. 16 Interactive effects of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems in the United States – current understanding and future scenarios, A. Bytnerowicz, M. Fenn, S. McNulty, F. Yuan, A. Pourmokhtarian, C. Driscoll, and T. Meixner
Ch. 17 Effects of ozone on forest ecosystems in East and Southeast Asia, T. Koike, M. Watanabe, Y. Hoshika, M. Kitao, H. Matsumura, R. Funada, T. Izuta
Ch. 18 Impacts of Air Pollution and Climate Change on plants: Implications for India, V. Pandey, E. Oksanen, N. Singh, C. Sharma
Ch. 19 Land use change, air pollution and climate change – vegetation response in Latin America, A.R. Kozovits, M. M. C. Bustamante
Ch. 20 Ozone concentrations and their potential impacts on vegetation in southern Africa, L. Laakso, J. P. Beukes, P. G. Van Zyl, J. Pienaar, M. Josipovic, A. Venter, K. Jaars, V. Vakkari, C. Labuschagne, K. Chiloane and J.-P.Tuovinen
Ch. 21 Wild-land fires: monitoring, plume modelling, impact on atmospheric composition and climate, M. Sofiev
PART VI The potential of “Supersites” for research on forest ecosystems
Ch. 22 Towards supersites in forest ecosystem monitoring and research, T. N. Mikkelsen, N. Clarke, A. Danielewska and R. Fischer
Ch. 23 Key indicators of air pollution and climate change impacts at forest Supersites, E. Paoletti, W. de Vries, T.N.  Mikkelsen,  A. Ibrom, K.S. Larsen, J.P. Tuovinen, Y. Serengil, I. Yurtseven, G. Wieser, R. Matyssek
PART VII Knowledge transfer and socio-economic aspects
Ch. 24 Forest ecosystem services under climate change and air pollution, P. Cudlín, J. Seják, J. Pokorný, J. Albrechtová, O. Bastian, M. Marek
Ch. 25 Targeting sustainable provision of forest ecosystem services with special focus on carbon sequestration, M. Nijnik, D. Miller
Ch. 26 Global change and the role of forests in future land-use systems, T. Knoke, A. Hahn
PART VIII Conclusions and perspectives
Ch. 27 Conclusions and perspectives, R. Matyssek, T. Knoke, N. Clarke, P. Cudlin, T.N. Mikkelsen,
J.-P. Tuovinen, G. Wieser, E. Paoletti