Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges book cover

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Understanding and Perspectives from Forest Research

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research” for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services.

Audience
Forestry scientists, environmental scientists, policy makers

Hardbound, 648 Pages

Published: November 2013

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-08-098349-3

Contents

  • PART I Introduction into the scope and structure of the book
    Ch. 1 Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global  Challenges:  Knowledge, Understanding and Perspectives  from Forest Research, R. Matyssek , N. Clarke, P. Cudlin , T.N. Mikkelsen, J.-P. Tuovinen , G. Wieser , E. Paoletti PART II Interactions between trace gases, climate change and vegetation
    Ch. 2 Gaseous exchange between forests and the atmosphere, S. Cieslik, J.-P. Tuovinen, M. Baumgarten, R. Matyssek, Patricia Brito, G. Wieser
    Ch. 3 Nutrients or pollutants? — Nitrogen deposition to European forests, W. Eugster, M. Haeni
    Ch. 4 Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds and their impacts on  biosphere-atmosphere interactions, F. Loreto and S. Fares
    Ch. 5 Air pollution risks to northern European forests in a changing climate, J.-P. Tuovinen, H. Hakola , P.-E. Karlsson and D. Simpson
    PART III Significance of biotic processes in forest ecosystem response
    Ch. 6 Ozone Research, quo vadis ? Lessons from the free-air canopy fumigation experiment at Kranzberg  Forest, R. Matyssek, G. Wieser, F. Fleischmann, L. Grünhage
    Ch. 7 Soil respiration and soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition in response to climate change, J. Kruse, J. Simon, and H. Rennenberg
    Ch. 8 Mycorrhizosphere complexity, H. Kraigher, M. Bajc, T. Grebenc
    Ch. 9 Tree and forest responses to interacting elevated atmospheric  CO2 and tropospheric O3: A synthesis of experimental evidence, J. King, L. Liu and M. Aspinwall
    Ch. 10 Belowground Carbon Cycling at Aspen FACE: Dynamic Responses to CO2 and O3 in Developing Forests, K.S. Pregitzer and A. F. Talhelm
    Ch. 11 Impacts of atmospheric change on tree-arthropod interactions, J.J. Couture and R. L. Lindroth
    PART IV Mechanistic and diagnostic understanding for risk assessment and up-scaling
    Ch. 12 Flux-based ozone risk assessment for adult beech and spruce forests, L. Grünhage, R. Matyssek, G. Wieser, K.-H. Häberle, M. Leuchner, A. Menzel, J. Dieler, H. Pretzsch, W. Grimmeisen, L. Zimmermann, S. Raspe, M. Schröder
    Ch. 13 Integrative leaf level phytotoxic ozone dose assessment for forest risk modelling, Dizengremel, Y. Jolivet, A. Tuzet, A. Ranieri, D. Le Thiec
    Ch. 14 Integrated studies on abiotic stress defence in trees: The case of ozone, D. Ernst
    Ch. 15 Metabolomics and transcriptomics increase our understanding about defence responses and genotypic differences of northern deciduous trees to elevating ozone, CO2 and climate warming, E. Oksanen, S. Keski-Saari, S. Kontunen-Soppela, M. Keinänen
    PART V Global dimension of air pollution as part of climate change
    Ch. 16 Interactive effects of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems in the United States – current understanding and future scenarios, A. Bytnerowicz, M. Fenn, S. McNulty, F. Yuan, A. Pourmokhtarian, C. Driscoll, and T. Meixner
    Ch. 17 Effects of ozone on forest ecosystems in East and Southeast Asia, T. Koike, M. Watanabe, Y. Hoshika, M. Kitao, H. Matsumura, R. Funada, T. Izuta
    Ch. 18 Impacts of Air Pollution and Climate Change on plants: Implications for India, V. Pandey, E. Oksanen, N. Singh, C. Sharma
    Ch. 19 Land use change, air pollution and climate change – vegetation response in Latin America, A.R. Kozovits, M. M. C. Bustamante
    Ch. 20 Ozone concentrations and their potential impacts on vegetation in southern Africa, L. Laakso, J. P. Beukes, P. G. Van Zyl, J. Pienaar, M. Josipovic, A. Venter, K. Jaars, V. Vakkari, C. Labuschagne, K. Chiloane and J.-P.Tuovinen
    Ch. 21 Wild-land fires: monitoring, plume modelling, impact on atmospheric composition and climate, M. Sofiev
    PART VI The potential of “Supersites” for research on forest ecosystems
    Ch. 22 Towards supersites in forest ecosystem monitoring and research, T. N. Mikkelsen, N. Clarke, A. Danielewska and R. Fischer
    Ch. 23 Key indicators of air pollution and climate change impacts at forest Supersites, E. Paoletti, W. de Vries, T.N.  Mikkelsen,  A. Ibrom, K.S. Larsen, J.P. Tuovinen, Y. Serengil, I. Yurtseven, G. Wieser, R. Matyssek
    PART VII Knowledge transfer and socio-economic aspects
    Ch. 24 Forest ecosystem services under climate change and air pollution, P. Cudlín, J. Seják, J. Pokorný, J. Albrechtová, O. Bastian, M. Marek
    Ch. 25 Targeting sustainable provision of forest ecosystem services with special focus on carbon sequestration, M. Nijnik, D. Miller
    Ch. 26 Global change and the role of forests in future land-use systems, T. Knoke, A. Hahn
    PART VIII Conclusions and perspectives
    Ch. 27 Conclusions and perspectives, R. Matyssek, T. Knoke, N. Clarke, P. Cudlin, T.N. Mikkelsen,
    J.-P. Tuovinen, G. Wieser, E. Paoletti

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