Cleaning with Solvents: Methods and Machinery


  • John Durkee, Ph.D., P.E., Consultant in Cleaning Technology and Processes, Texas, USA

High-precision cleaning is required across many sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor/electronics, and more. In this comprehensive reference work, solvent cleaning equipment is thoroughly covered with a focus on the engineering details of its operation and selection. Key data is provided alongside practical guidance, giving scientists and engineers in multiple sectors the information they need not only to choose the correct machine in the first place, but also how to operate it effectively and efficiently.

Low emission open-top vapor degreasers, enclosed machines of the vacuum and pressurized type, cosolvent machines, and adsorption of "tailpipe emissions" are covered in detail and fully illustrated in color. This unique book covers material known by designers and manufacturers of solvent cleaning machines, but not collected and organized for the benefit of users.

The comprehensive coverage provided by John Durkee makes this book relevant and timely not only for readers who wish to know more about how solvent cleaning equipment works but also those who are under pressure from environmental regulators or corporate management to find effective alternatives and those engaged in non-solvent cleaning operations who are unsatisfied with their cleaning results.

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Engineers and scientists involved in precison cleaning across sectors including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor / electronics, etc.


Book information

  • Published: March 2014
  • ISBN: 978-0-323-22520-5

Table of Contents

  1. Solvent Cleaning Machines
  2. The Cleaning Processes / Methods
  3. A Basic Principle About Cleaning with Solvents
  4. Suitable Process Design
  5. Process Design for Solvent Cleanup (Recovery)
  6. Open-Top Vapor Degreasers
  7. Loss of Vapor Containment in Large Vapor Degreasers
  8. Continuously-Operating Vapor Degreasers (Inlines)
  9. Emission Control - the Halogenated Solvents NESHAP
  10. Cold Cleaning with Solvents
  11. Enclosed Cleaning Machines
  12. Solvent Management in Enclosed Machines
  13. Management of Vacuum
  14. Management of Water Contamination
  15. Drying of Parts in Enclosed Machines
  16. Cosolvent Machines
  17. Process Description: Class I - Semi-aqueous
  18. Process Description: Class II - Immiscible
  19. Process Description: Class III - Miscible
  20. Process Description: Class IV - Azeotropic
  21. "Tailpipe" Treatment of Fugitive Solvent Emissions
  22. Design of Adsorption Systems for Enclosed Cleaning Machines
  23. Design of Adsorption Systems for Open-Top Vapor Degreasers