Chemistry at Interfaces book cover

Chemistry at Interfaces

Chemistry at Interfaces provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts in interfacial chemistry. It aims to provide students and research workers who have not had training in a school of surface chemistry with the means to set up and use interfacial techniques and to interpret measurements. For this reason, more emphasis is given to experimental details and to the associated pitfalls than most other books in the field. The book begins by considering some of the basic laws governing behavior in chemical systems and how these apply to some examples of interfacial processes. This is followed by a discussion of two specific properties oSf interfaces: the tendency to concentrate reactants and the ability to orientate molecules, thus increasing their reactivity. Separate chapters cover standards of cleanliness in interfacial work and methods to achieve them; techniques for the study of interfacial films; the kinetics of physical processes that can occur at an interface; and chemical and biological processes and reactions. The final chapter provides an overview of the wide-ranging applications of interfacial chemistry to practical problems.

Hardbound, 283 Pages

Published: February 1990

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-464785-5

Contents


  • Preface

    1. Introduction

    2. Theoretical Concepts I

    I. What Makes a Reaction Go?

    II. Quantitative Measurements of Free Energy

    III. Application of Thermodynamic Principles to Interfacial Phenomena

    IV. The Hydrophobic Effect

    Demonstrations

    Problems

    References

    3. Theoretical Concepts II

    I. The Distribution of Molecules

    II. Quantum Energy Levels and Partition Functions

    III. Principle of Independent Surface Action

    IV. Important Intensive Properties for Interfaces

    V. Distribution of Molecules between Bulk and Interface

    VI. Effects of an Interface on the Orientation of Molecules

    VII. Reaction Rates at Interfaces

    Demonstrations

    Problems

    References

    4. The Film Balance and the Measurement of Interfacial Pressure

    I. The Problem of Purity in Interfacial Work

    II. The Film Balance

    III. Modifications to Basic Film Balance

    IV. Spreading of Monolayers

    Demonstrations

    Problem

    References

    5. Additional Techniques I

    I. Interfacial Potential

    II. Interfacial Rheology

    III. Transfer of Films to Solid Supports

    IV. Radioactive Tracers

    Demonstrations

    Problems

    References

    6. Additional Techniques II

    I. Optical Techniques

    II. Solid/Fluid Interfaces

    III. Forces between Surfaces

    Demonstrations

    Problem

    References

    7. Monolayers

    I. Monolayer States

    II. The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

    III. Equilibrium Spreading Pressure

    IV. Effects of Systematic Change of Molecular Structure on Monolayer Properties

    V. Monolayers at the Oil/Water Interface

    VI. Monolayers of More Complex Molecules

    Demonstration

    Problems

    References

    8. Physical Processes at Interfaces

    I. Adsorption

    II. Desorption

    III. Spreading or Two-Dimensional Dissolution

    IV. Precipitation of Monolayers

    V. Molecular Configurational Changes

    VI. Surface Flow

    VII. Transport across Interfaces

    VIII. Unidimensional Interfaces

    IX. General Summary

    Demonstrations

    Problems

    References

    9. Chemical Reactions

    I. Kinetics of Reactions Studied by the Film Balance

    II. Specific Reactions Studied in Monolayers

    III. Polymerization Reactions

    IV. General Features of Interfacial Reactions

    V. Design of Functionalized Monolayer Systems

    VI. Unidimensional and Zero-Dimensional Reactions

    Demonstrations

    Problem

    References

    10. Biological Processes and Reactions

    I. Membrane-Mimetic Chemistry

    II. Enzyme Reactions at Interfaces

    III. Direct Studies on Model Membrane Systems

    IV. The Pulmonary Surfactant

    V. Thrombogenicity

    Demonstrations

    Problem

    References

    11. Applications and Future Directions

    I. Biology and Medicine

    II. Industrial Applications

    III. New Technologies

    References

    Appendix

    Answers to Problems

    Index


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