- I. Weeks, University of Wales, College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
Chemiluminescence immunoassay is now established as one of the best alternatives to conventional radioimmunoassay for the quantitation of low concentrations of analytes in complex samples. During the last two decades the technology has evolved into analytical procedures whose performance far exceeds that of immunoassays based on the use of radioactive labels. Without the constraints of radioactivity, the scope of this type of analytical procedure has widened beyond the confines of the specialist clinical chemistry laboratory to other disciplines such as microbiology, veterinary medicine, agriculture, food and environmental testing. This is the first work to present the topic as a subject in its own right.
In order to provide a complete picture of the subject, overviews are presented of the individual areas of chemiluminescence and immunoassay with particular emphasis on the requirements for interfacing chemiluminescent and immunochemical reactions. The possible ways of configuring chemiluminescence immunoassays are described. State-of-the-art chemiluminescence immunoassay systems are covered in detail together with those systems which are commercially available.
The book is aimed at researchers and routine laboratory staff in the life sciences who wish to make use of this high-performance analytical technique and also at those interested in industrial applications of the technology in the food, agricultural and environmental sciences.
Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry
Published: December 1991
In all a valuable volume for the bookshelf, both for the researcher and the routine user of the technology.
Trends in Analytical Chemistry
...an authoritative and comprehensive account of chemiluminescence immunoassays and is recommended to those with an interest in either of the parent subjects.
Analytica Chimica Acta
...informative and well written by an author with considerable experience in chemiluminescence immunoassay. Overall, this book would be a good resource for anyone interested in chemiluminescence applications and/or immunoassays.
- 1. Introduction. 2. Chemiluminescence: The Phenomenon. Photochemical and photophysical processes. Luminescence. Chemiluminescence in vivo: bioluminescence. Chemiluminescence in vitro. Mechanistic aspects. Measurement. 3. Immunoassay. Historical. Labelled-antigen and labelled-antibody techniques. Radioactive and non-radioactive labels. Immunoassay design. The influence of the label on the choice of architecture. 4. The Immunochemical/Photochemical Interface. Suitable chemiluminescent molecules. Direct coupling: potential chemistries. Indirect coupling. The potential of bioluminescent systems. 5. Chemiluminescence Immunoassays: The Early Work. The luminol experience. Isoluminol derivatives. Indirect chemiluminescence immunoassays. Immunoassays for small molecules. Immunoassays for large molecules. Enzyme mediated systems. 6. Homogeneous Immunoassays. Monitoring changes in kinetics and intensity. Monitoring changes in wavelength. Examples of homogeneous chemiluminescence immunoassays. 7. Chemiluminescence Immunoassays: State of the Art. Indirect systems. Phthalhydrazide labels. Acridinium labels. Practical aspects. 8. Future Prospects. Future developments in chemiluminescence immunoassay. The impact on the clinical laboratory. The impact in other areas of analysis. Conclusion. References. Appendix I. Appendix II. Subject index.