Chemical Events in the Atmosphere and their Impact on the Environment book cover

Chemical Events in the Atmosphere and their Impact on the Environment

This book covers the proceedings of a study week held to bring together the most varied experiences in the many disciplines which form the background of ecology. The purpose of the meeting was to examine the present state of knowledge and the need for research in order to gather the information necessary for action to protect the environment and biosphere. Many aspects of the anthropogenic effects on the atmosphere have been studied. However more research is needed to quantify the impact of the various chemicals on the changes occurring in the atmosphere. Acid rain formation mechanisms, although investigated, are not yet fully understood. It is thus necessary to program carefully our future, after further interdisciplinary research, in order to avoid irreversible damage to our environment.The guidelines of this action, as a result of the presentations and discussions, are reported in the conclusions. The main points stressed are: tropospheric chemistry, the problem of the conservation of the ozone layer, the growth of carbon dioxide and climate changes, atmospheric acidity, the effects of changes on water, soils and biota as well as the particular problems of the tropical world. The book will be ideal for postgraduates studying atmospheric chemistry and for environmental protection agencies.

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Published: September 1986

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-99513-1

Reviews

  • It is an excellent contribution to the literature especially because of the interdisciplinary nature of the presentations and discussions included. Environmental scientists would find the book to be of immense value. The publication is highly recommended.
    Water, Air & Soil Pollution

Contents

  • Chemical events in the atmosphere and their impact on the environment (G.B. Marini-Bettòlo). I. Structure, Components and Primary Processes in the Atmosphere. Photochemical reactions in the atmosphere (D. Phillips). Quantum-mechanical studies on the binding properties of small atmosphere molecules (A. Pullman). The young Sun, the early Earth and the photochemistry of oxygen, ozone and formaldehyde in the early atmosphere (V.M. Canuto et al.). Atmospheric ions (F. Arnold). Oxygen cycle in the atmosphere (J. Wiesenfeld ). The global sulfur budget (C. Brosset). Laboratory studies of atmospheric radical reactions (C.J. Howard). II. Atmosphere and the Secondary Processes: The Effect of Geological and Anthropic Components. The photochemistry of tropospheric trace species: the central role of radicals and their possible variability (W.L. Chameides, D.D. Davis). Perturbations of the atmosphere and of the climate system induced by volcanic eruptions: relevance of some specific processes (G. Fiocco). Natural and anthropogenic aerosols: a comparative analysis (K.Ya. Kondratyev et al.). Increasing concentrations of perhalocarbons, methylchloroform and methane in the atmosphere (F.S. Rowland et al.). Role and fate of the ozone in the atmosphere (J.G. Anderson). III. The Effects on the Environment of Chemical Reactions in the Atmosphere. Toward a better understanding of atmospheric chemistry (T.F. Malone). Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in ocean, atmosphere and biosphere and future climatic impacts (R. Revelle). Carbon dioxide and environment (F.K. Hare). Atmospheric conditions after a nuclear war (P.J. Crutzen, I.E. Galbally). Atmospheric acidity (A. Liberti). Effects on soils of chemical events in the atmosphere (J. Låg). IV. The Effects on Life of Chemical Events in the Atmosphere. Effects of chemical air pollution on forests and other vegetation (W. Knabe). Chemical reactions in the atmosphere and their impact on human health and animal life (G.B. Marini-Bettòlo). The water cycle in tropical forests with special reference to the Amazon (E. Salati, P.B. Vose). Effects of chemical events on environment in Africa (S.O. Wandiga). Final Considerations and Conclusions. Subject Index. Author Index.

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