Cavity Polaritons, 32


  • Alexey Kavokin
  • Guillaume Malpuech


Book information

  • Published: November 2003
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-533032-9

Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroduction Chapter 0: Frequently asked questions.Part 1: Linear properties of microcavitiesChapter 1: Dispersion of cavity polaritons; Reflection and transmission of light by quantum wells containing excitons; Reflectivity of Bragg mirrors; Dispersion of exciton-polaritons in microcavities containing a single quantum well.Chapter 2: Examples of microcavity systems; Multiple quantum wells in a cavity; Coupled microcavities; Bulk microcavities; Regular gratings of quantum wires and quantum dots in a microcavity;Magnetic field effect. Kerr and Faraday rotation.Chapter 3. Disorder effect on cavity polaritons; Reflection and elastic scattering of light by localised excitons; Motional narrowing of cavity polaritons; Photoluminescence and resonant Rayleigh scattering from microcavities (linear regime);Time-resolved reflection of light from quantum wells and microcavities.Part 2: Non-linear optical properties of microcavities.Chapter 4: Photoluminescence of strongly coupled microcavities; Qualitative feature; First PL experiments performed on microcavities; Relaxation of cavity polaritons: qualitative features; Semi-classical treatment of the relaxation kinetics of cavity polaritons; The semi-classical Boltzmann equation; Polariton-structural disorder interaction;Polariton decay; Polariton-phonon interaction; Polariton electron interaction; Polariton-polariton interaction; Numerical solution of Boltzmann equations, practical aspects; Relaxation kinetics of cavity polariton; Quantitative analysis of polariton relaxation kinetics; Presentation of recent PL results, comparison with theory.Chapter 5: Resonant excitation case and parametric amplification; Experimental aspects; Early stage;The Savvidis-Baumberg breakthrough. Experimental details; The cw excitation case; Dressing of the polariton dispersion induced by stimulated scattering; Spin selection rules; A few other experimental results; Theoretical approach: Semi-classical model; The Boltzmann equation; Stationary solution and threshold; Theoretical approach: quantum model; Diagonalisation of the exciton-photon Hamiltonian; Polariton-polariton interaction;Equation of motion for the operators; Three-level model; Analytical solution of the three-level model in the case of cw pumping: The parametric oscillation model; Coherence evolution and symmetry breaking; Dressing of the dispersion induced by polariton condensates.Chapter 6: Toward polariton Bose condensation and polariton lasers; Eighty years of research on BEC;Einstein proposal; Experimental realization;"Modern Definition" of Bose Einstein Condensation;Exciton and polariton specifics; Thermodynamic properties of cavity polariton systems; Interacting bosons and Bogoliubov model; Polariton superfluidity and Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition; Quasi-condensation and local effects;Relaxation kinetics of cavity polaritons: towards polariton lasing; Experimental quest of the polariton laser (1996-2003); Theoretical description of the polariton laser; How to overcome the bottleneck effect? ;Spin Dynamics of Exciton-Polaritons in Microcavities.Appendix Index