Catalysis and Automotive Pollution Control
In June 1984 the EEC Commission proposed new standards of permissible exhaust gas from motor vehicles to be introduced in Europe; these standards were approved by the Ministers of the Environment one year later. As the control of automotive pollution is at present mainly a catalytic problem, it was decided to hold an International Symposium on the subject, and an organizing committee composed of people engaged in catalytic research in the different Belgian Universities was constituted. This was the first Symposium of its kind to be held on an international level, and the quality and scientific interest of the papers presented was exceptional. It is planned to hold a follow-up Symposium in 2 to 3 years' time.The first part of the book is a general introduction to the problem of automotive pollution. The second, properly catalytic, part is devoted to fundamental and applied studies on pollution control, with emphasis on exhaust catalytic converters.View full description
- Published: April 1987
- Imprint: ELSEVIER
- ISBN: 978-0-444-42778-6
Table of ContentsForeword. Acknowledgements. Financial Support. List of Participants. Scientific Papers. General Introduction to the Problem of Exhaust Gas Pollution. Effect of Motor Vehicle Pollutants on Health (M. Chiron). Automotive Traffic. Risks for the Environment (R. Impens). Catalysis in Modern Petroleum Refining (J. Grootjans). The Point of View of the Automobile Industry. Prevention is Better than Cure (C. Gerryn). Control of Diesel Particulate Emissions in Europe (M.P. Walsh). The Problems Involved in Preparing and Upholding Uniform Exhaust-Gas Standards Within the Common Market (H. Henssler). The Market for Car Exhaust Catalysts in Western Europe. A Review of Trends and Developments (W. Groenendaal). General Introduction to the Role of Catalysis in Exhaust Gas Control. Automobile Catalytic Converters (K.C. Taylor). Aspects of Automotive Catalyst Preparation, Performance and Durability (B.J. Cooper et al.). Reaction Mechanisms and Surface States. Titrations of Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen on a Platinum on Silica Catalyst (C.O. Bennett et al.). The A/F Window with Three-Way Catalyst. Kinetic and Surface Investigations (E. Koberstein, G. Wannemacher). Elemental Steps During the Catalytic Decomposition of NO Over Stepped Single Crystal Surfaces of Pt and Ru (N. Kruse, J.H. Block). Periodic Operation Effects on Automotive Noble Metal Catalysts. Reaction Analysis of Binary Gas Systems (H. Shinjoh et al.). The Role of Research in the Development of New Generation Automotive Catalysts (H.S. Gandhi, M. Shelef). Mechanisms of the Carbon Monoxide Oxidation and Nitric Oxide Reduction Reactions Over Single Crystal and Supported Rhodium Catalysts: High Pressure Rates Explained Using Ultrahigh Vacuum Surface Science (G.B. Fischer et al.). Electronic State of Cerium-Based Catalysts Studied by Spectroscopic Methods (XPS, XAS) (F. Le Normand et al.). An AES Investigation of the Reactivity of Pt, Rh and Various Pt-Rh Alloy Surfaces Towards O2, NO, CO and H2 (F.C.M.J.M. Van Delft et al.). Reactivity Studies of Automobile Exhaust Catalysts in Presence of Oxidising or Reducing Conditions (G. Meunier et al.). The Effect of Weight Loading and Reduction Temperature on Rh/Silica Catalysts for NO Reduction by CO (W.C. Hecker, R.B. Breneman). Reactivation of Lead-Poisoned Pt/Al2O3 Catalysts by Sulfur Dioxide (J.W.A. Sachtler et al.). Support. Alumina Carriers for Automotive Pollution Control (P. Nortier, M. Soustelle). Advances in Automotive Catalysts Supports (J.S. Howitt). Structural Consideration with Respect to the Thermal Stability of a New Platinum Supported Lanthanum-Alumina Catalyst (F. Oudet et al.). Influence of the Porous Structure of Alumina Pellets and the Internal Convective Flow on the Effective Diffusivity of Exhaust Gas Catalyst (S. Cheng et al.). The Effect of the Chemical Nature of the Wash-Coat on the Catalytic Performance of CO Oxydation Catalysts of Monolith Type (L.B. Larsson et al.). Metal-Support Interaction. The Promotion of Pt/SiO2 Catalysts by WO3 for the NO-CO Reaction (J.R. Regalbuto, E.E. Wolf). Surface Diffusion of Oxygen in Rh/Al203 and Pt/Al203 Catalysts (H. Abderrahim, D. Duprez). Rhodium-Support Interactions in Automotive Exhaust Catalysts (C.Z. Wan, J.C. Dettling). Base Metal Catalysts. Development of a Copper Chromite Catalyst for Carbon Monoxide Automobile Emission Control (J. Laine et al.). Development of Non-Noble Metal Catalysts for the Purification of Automotive Exhaust Gas (Lin Peiyan et al.). Improving the SO2 Resistance of Perovskite Type Oxidation Catalyst (Li Wan et al.). Tungsten Carbide and Tungsten-Molybdenum Carbides as Automobile Exhaust Catalysts (L. Leclerq et al.). Practical Studies. Dynamic Behavior of Automotive Three-Way Emission Control Systems (R.K. Herz ). Effect of Lead on Vehicle Catalyst Systems in the European Environment (M. Kilpin et al.). A Laboratory Method for Determining the Activity of Diesel Particulate Combustion Catalysts (R.E. Marinangeli et al.). Fuels and Additives. Synthesis of Higher Alcohols on Low-Temperature Methanol Catalysts (G. Fornasari et al.). An Alkene Isomerization Catalyst for Motor Fuel Synthesis (B.G. Baker, N.J. Clark).