Cardiology book cover

Cardiology

A team of 250 international experts brings clinicians this thoroughly revised and updated New Edition. Its clinically oriented coverage integrates basic science, diagnostic investigations, and therapeutic management into a practical, user-friendly reference on all aspects of cardiovascular medicine. A consistent format throughout parallels the clinical decision making process to make definitive guidance easy to locate and apply. Over 2,360 illustrations, including more than 1,940 full-color photographs, tables, and diagnostic images make techniques and concepts easy to grasp. Plus, a bound-in CD-ROM features all of the book's illustrations for use in PowerPoint® presentations.

Audience
Cardiology and Cardiology Residents

Hardbound, 1728 pages

Published: October 2003

Imprint: Mosby

ISBN: 978-0-323-02405-1

Contents

  • Preface
    Contributors

    SECTION 1: ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND PREVENTION
    1. Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis
    Goran Hansson and Jan Nilsson
    2. Epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases
    Kjell Asplund
    3. Risk factors and lifestyle interventions
    Konrad Jamrozik
    4. Assessment of cardiac risk
    Edward Winslow
    5. Special problems in the prevention of cardiovascular disease:
    Diabetes mellitus type 2
    Virgil Brown and Warren Davis
    Menopausal women
    Virgil Brown and Warren Davis
    Nontraditional risk factors for coronary disease
    David Waters
    6. Therapeutic approaches to the diabetic patient
    Mary Ellen Sweeney and David Orchard
    7. Physical activity and the cardiovascular system
    Calin Maniu, Thomas Flipse, Norman Patton and Gerald Fletcher
    8. Therapy of hyperlipidemia
    Lori Mosca
    9. Special problems in hyperlipidemia therapy:
    Child with hypercholesterolemia
    Virgil Brown and Warren Davis
    Transplant patient
    Virgil Brown and Warren Davis
    Hypercholesterolemia in the elderly
    Virgil Brown and Warren Davis
    Elevated lipoprotein(a)
    Virgil Brown and Warren Davis
    10. Diagnosis of vascular disease
    Charles Tegeler and Disya Ratanakorn
    NONCARDIAC VASCULAR DISEASES
    11. Arterial diseases of the limbs
    Bengt Fagrell
    12. Cerebral vascular diseases
    Kjell Asplund and Markku Fagerlund
    13. Thoracic aorta disease
    Jorge Wernly
    14. Abdominal aortic aneurysms
    Ian Franklin and Roger Greenhalgh
    15. Venous disease
    Agnes Lee
    16. Surgery for vascular disease
    David Bergqvist
    17. Special problems in vascular disease:
    Compromise of an internal thoracic artery to coronary artery graft by subclavian artery disease
    Michael Crawford and Mark Langsfeld
    Localized lymphedema
    Michael Crawford and Mark Langsfeld

    SECTION 2: ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE
    1. Physiology of coronary circulation
    Eric Feigl and Wolfgang Schaper
    2. Coronary artery anomalies
    Allen Taylor and Renu Virmani
    3. Pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia
    PK Shah and Erling Falk
    4. Noninvasive diagnosis of IHD
    George Beller
    5. Invasive diagnosis of IHD
    William Kussmaul
    6. Special diagnostic issues in IHD:
    The patient with chest pain, a positive stress test and normal coronary arteries
    Jonathan Abrams
    The patient with coronary artery disease and acute heart failure
    Jonathan Abrams
    The patient with coronary artery disease and chronic heart failure
    Jonathan Abrams
    STABLE CORONARY SYNDROMES
    7. Chronic stable angina pectoris
    Udho Thadani
    8. Variant angina pectoris
    Juan Kaski and Ramon Arroyo-Espliguero
    9. Microvascular angina pectoris and cardiac syndrome X
    Hans Erik Botker
    10. Asymptomatic myocardial ischemia
    Prakash Deedwania
    11. Special problems in myocardial ischemia:
    Management of variant angina breakthrough
    Carl Pepine and Stephen Monroe
    Mangement of the nonrevascularization candidate with severe angina
    Carl Pepine and Stephen Monroe
    Treatment of silent ischemia
    Carl Pepine and Stephen Monroe
    Treatment of microvascular angina
    Carl Pepine and Stephen Monroe
    Viagra, sexual activity and the cardiac patient
    Jonathan Abrams
    ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES
    12. Diagnosis of acute myocardial ischaemia and infarction
    Allan Jaffe, Jorge Davidenko and Ian Clements
    13. Unstable angina and non-ST-elevation MI
    Lars Wallentin, Bertil Lindahl and Agneta Siegbahn
    14. The early phase of acute myocardial infarction
    Freek Verheugt
    15. Subacute in-hospital phase of ST-segment elevation MI
    Timothy Denton
    16. Complications of acute MI
    Bojan Cercek and PK Shah
    17. Surgery for the complications of MI
    Carlos Blanche
    18. Post-hospital phase of an acute coronary syndrome
    Christopher Cannon and Sidney Smith
    19. Special problems in acute coronary syndromes:
    Right ventricular infarction
    Peter Clemmensen
    AMI and normal coronary arteries
    Peter Clemmensen and Peer Grande
    Nonreperfused AMI after thrombolytic therapy
    Peter Clemmensen
    NON-PHARMACOLOGIC TREATMENT OF IHD
    20. Catheter based techniques to treat IHD
    Pim de Feyter
    21. Surgery for IHD
    Kenton Zehr and Hartzell Schaff
    22. Special problems in non-pharmacologic therapy:
    Unprotected left main coronary angioplasty
    Michael Ragosta
    Chronic total occlusion
    Michael Ragosta
    Saphenous vein graft interventions
    Michael Ragosta
    Percutaneous intervention of cardiac allograft vasculopathy
    Michael Ragosta
    In-stent restenosis
    Michael Ragosta

    SECTION 3: HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE
    1. Etiology and pathogenesis of systemic hypertension
    David Calhoun, M. Amin Zaman and Suzanne Oparil
    2. Epidemiology of hypertension
    Ivan Perry
    3. Clinical recognition of hypertension
    Shawna Nesbitt, Wanpen Vongpatanasin and Ronald Victor
    4. Complications of hypertension: heart
    Chim Lang and Greg Lip
    5. Complications of hypertension: kidney
    Domenic Sica
    6. Complications of hypertension: stroke
    John Potter
    7. Nonpharmacologic treatment of hypertension
    Francesco Cappuccio and Alphonso Siani
    8. Pharmacologic treatment
    S. Luke Kusmirek, Aris Efstratopoulos and George Bakris
    9. Hypertension crises
    Gareth Beevers and Greg Lip
    10. Diagnosis and treatment of secondary hypertension
    David Martins and Keith Norris
    11. Difficult hypertension management issues:
    Hypertension and ethnicity
    Greg Lip and Gareth Beevers
    Hypertension in pregnancy: pre-eclampsia
    David Churchill
    Perioperative hypertension
    William Elliott
    Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
    William White
    Diabetes and hypertension
    Samy I. McFarlane and James Sowers
    Resistant hypertension
    Ronald Victor
    Hypertension in the context of acute myocardial infarction and acute coronary interventions
    Greg Lip
    Concomitant therapy use in hypertension
    George Bakris

    SECTION 4: CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS
    1. Basic cardiac electrophysiology and anatomy
    Mark Anderson and Dan Roden
    2. Antiarrhythmic drug therapy
    Paul Dorian and Wendy Lau
    3. Principles of catheter ablation
    David Haines
    4. Syncope
    Andrew Krahn, George Klein, Raymond Yee and Allan Skanes
    BRADYARRHYTHMIAS
    5. Sinus node dysfunction
    John DiMarco
    6. Atrioventricular and intraventricular conduction disorders
    Nadir Saoudi, Jean Paul Rinaldi, Manuel Imianitoff, Khelil Yaïci, Jean Marc Coutelourd, Marc Bergonzi and Phillipe Ricard
    7. Cardiac pacing
    Henning Rud Andersen and Jens Cosedis Nielsen
    8. Special problems in cardiac pacing:
    Pacemaker syndrome
    Mark Wood
    Temporary cardiac pacing
    Mark Wood
    Diagnostic and surgical procedures in pacemaker patients
    Mark Wood
    Pacemaker lead extraction
    Mark Wood
    Biventricular pacing for congestive heart failure
    Mark Wood
    SUPRAVENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS
    9. Supraventricular tachycardia
    Carlos Morillo
    10. Atrial fibrillation
    Greg Lip, Michael Mangram and John DiMarco
    11. Atrial flutter and atrial tachycardia
    Francis Murgatroyd
    12. Pre-excitation syndromes
    James Leitch, Pru Hereford Ashley and Malcolm Barlow
    13. Special problems in supraventricular arrhythmias:
    Syncope in paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
    Chin-Feng Tsai and Shi-Ann Chen
    Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
    Chin-Feng Tsai and Shi-Ann Chen
    Cycle length alternation in supraventricular tachycardia
    Chin-Feng Tsai and Shi-Ann Chen
    Atrial flutter
    Bruce Walker
    Postoperative atrial fibrillation
    Bruce Walker
    Atrial Fibrillation and Anticoagulation
    Bruce Walker
    VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS
    14. Ventricular tachycardia
    Martin Borggreffe, Gunther Breithardt and Christian Wolpert
    15. Repolarization syndromes: Long QT, Brugada etc.
    Katherine Murray and Dan Roden
    16. Sudden cardiac death
    Paul LeLorier and Kevin Monahan
    17. Cardiac arrest resuscitation
    Jose Joglar and Rick Page
    18. Surgery for cardiac arrhythmias
    Patricia Bakker
    19. Implantable defibrillators
    Kathy Lee and Chu-Pak Lau
    20. Special problems in ventricular arrhythmias:
    Multiple shocks from an implanted defibrillator caused by frequent episodes of ventricular tachycardia
    John Miller and Mithilesh Das
    Multiple shocks from an implanted defibrillator in a supra ventricular arrythmia
    John Miller and Mithilesh Das
    Syncope in a patient with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
    John Miller and Mithilesh Das
    A young woman with palpitations and ventricular tachycardia
    John Miller and Mithilesh Das
    Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia following anterior myocardial infarction
    John Miller and Mithilesh Das

    SECTION 5: HEART FAILURE AND CARDIOMYOPATHY
    1. Physiology of the normal and failing heart
    Helmut Drexler and Gerd Hasenfuss
    2. Assessment of the patient with heart failure
    Ayan Patel and Marvin Konstam
    3. Acute heart failure and shock
    Steven Hollenberg, Mitchell Saltzberg, Jeffrey Soble and Joseph Parrillo
    CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
    4. Heart failure due to systolic dysfunction
    Gary Francis and Wai Tang
    5. Management of the patient with chronic heart failure
    Barry Massie
    6. Heart failure with normal left ventricular ejection fraction: a manifestation of diastolic dysfunction
    William Gaasch and Edgar Schick
    7. Arrhythmias in heart failure
    Lars Eckardt, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Dirk Bocker and Gunter Breithardt
    8. Surgery assist devices and cardiac transplantation for heart failure
    James Young
    9. Special problems in chronic heart failure:
    Mechanisms of exercise intolerance and exercise training
    Kai C. Wollert, Helmut Drexler and Andrew Coats
    Cardiac cachexia
    Kai C. Wollert, Helmut Drexler and Andrew Coats
    Renal dysfunction in heart failure
    Kai C. Wollert, Helmut Drexler and Andrew Coats
    Anemia in Heart Failure
    Kai C. Wollert, Helmut Drexler and Andrew Coats
    Depression in Heart Failure
    Kai C. Wollert, Helmut Drexler and Andrew Coats
    Disease Management
    Kai C. Wollert, Helmut Drexler and Andrew Coats
    MYOCARDITIS AND CARDIOMYOPATHY
    10. Myocarditis and inflammatory cardiomyopathy
    Heinz-Peter Schultheiss and Uwe Kuehl
    11. Dilated and toxic cardiomyopathy
    John O'Connell and Mohammad Akkad
    12. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    Perry Elliott, William McKenna and Sebastian Reith
    13. Special problems in myocarditis and cardiomyopathy:
    Peripartum cardiomyopathy
    Mohammed W. Akhter, Afshan Hameed and Uri ElKayam
    Chagas' heart disease
    Harry Acquatella
    Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy
    Harry Acquatella
    Diabetic cardiomyopathy
    Mitchell Saltzburg and Barry Massie
    CARDIAC CONSTRICTION AND RESTRICTION
    14. Restrictive and infiltrative cardiomyopathies
    Naveen Pereira and William Dec, Jr.
    15. Pericardial disease
    Samer Kabbani and Martin LeWinter
    RIGHT-HEART FAILURE
    16. Pulmonary hypertension and intrinsic pulmonary vascular disease
    Vallerie McLauchlin
    17. Right heart failure and cor pulmonale
    W. MacNee and K. Skwarski
    18. Pulmonary embolism
    Stavros Konstantinides and Wolfgang Kasper

    SECTION 6: VALVULAR HEART DISEASE
    1. Non-invasive assessment of valvular function
    Otto Smiseth, Reidar Bjornerheim and Sigurd Nitter-Hause
    2. Invasive assessment of valvular function
    Barbara Julius, Stephan Windecker and Otto Hess
    3. Rheumatic fever
    Mohammed Essop and Tanvier Omar
    MITRAL VALVE DISEASES
    4. Mitral stenosis
    John Carroll and Julie Plenge
    5. Mitral regurgitation
    Blase Carabello
    6. Mitral valve prolapse
    Richard Devereux
    7. Secondary mitral regurgitation
    Matthew A. Romano, Iva A. Smolens and Stephen F. Bolling
    8. Special problems in mitral valve disease:
    New onset atrial fibrillation in asymptomatic mitral stenosis
    Bernard Iung, Bertrand Cormier and Alec Vahanian
    Echocardiography and mitral valve repair: its use in Marfan's syndrome
    Bernard Iung, Bertrand Cormier and Alec Vahanian
    Thromboembolic risk in mitral stenosis
    Bernard Iung, Bertrand Cormier and Alec Vahanian
    Mitral stenosis and pregnancy
    Bernard Iung, Bertrand Cormier and Alec Vahanian
    Radiation Valve Disease
    Theo Meyer and Gerard Aurigemma
    Vasodilators in mitral regurgitation
    Bill Gaasch
    9. Aortic stenosis
    David Shavelle and Catherine Otto
    10. Acute aortic regurgitation
    Gerard Aurigemma and Theo Meyer
    11. Chronic aortic regurgitation
    Walter Paulus
    12. Special problems in aortic valve disease:
    Low gradient, low output aortic stenosis
    Paul Grayburn
    Mild-to-moderate aortic stenosis in patients undergoing bypass surgery
    Paul Grayburn
    fen phen valve disease
    Dr. Bruce Shively
    RIGHT-HEART VALVE DISEASE AND ENDOCARDITIS
    13. Tricuspid and pulmonic valve disease
    Theo Meyer and Dennis Tighe
    14. Infective endocarditis
    Jean Acar and Pierre-Louis Michel
    SURGICAL TREATMENT OF VALVULAR HEART DISEASE
    15. Surgery for valvular heart disease
    Christophe Acar and Pierre Theodore
    16. Management of the post surgical valve disease patient
    Patrick Parrino, Aditya Kaza and John Kern
    17. Special problems in the surgically treated valve disease patient:
    How to treat perivalvular leaks
    Sandro Betocchi, Maria Angela Losi and Massimo Chiariello
    Pregnancy and anticoagulants
    Sandro Betocchi, Maria Angela Losi and Massimo Chiariello
    Postoperative management of myocardial dysfunction in valvular surgical treatment
    Sandro Betocchi, Maria Angela Losi and Massimo Chiariello

    SECTION 7: CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
    1. Epidemiology of congenital heart disease
    Cynthia Morris
    2. Embryology of congenital heart disease
    Adrianna Gittenberger de Groot, Marco Deruiter, Margot Bartelings and Robert Poelmann
    3. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease
    Yasuki Maeno
    4. Diagnostic pathways for evaluation of congenital heart disease
    Tal Geva and Jaqueline Kreutzer
    CARDIAC DEFECTS
    5. Atrial septal defect
    Masahiro Ishii
    6. Anomalous pulmonary venous connection
    Samuel Ritter and Rebecca Snider
    7. Ventricular septal defect
    Kimberly Krabill
    8. Tetralogy of Fallot and truncus arteriosus
    Kazuo Momma
    9. Transposition of the great arteries
    Thomas Kimball
    10. Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect
    Daniel Murphy and Roger Mee
    11. Left heart outflow obstructions
    Gautam Singh and Syamasunder Rao
    12. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Girish Shirali and Constance Cephus
    13. Ebstein's anomaly
    Robin Shaughnessy
    14. Pulmonary stenosis
    Teiji Akagi
    15. Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum
    Frank Smith
    16. Atrioventricular canal defects
    Craig Fleishman and Gerald Marx
    17. Tricuspid atresia and single ventricle
    Luc Mertens and Donald Hagler
    VASCULAR ABNORMALITIES
    18. Patent ductus arteriosis
    Dierk Redel
    19. Coarctation of the aorta
    Mataichi Ohkubo and Toshihiro Ino
    20. Vascular compression of the upper airways
    Deane Waldman
    21. Kawasaki's disease
    Hirohisa Kato
    MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
    22. Arrhythmias in congenital heart disease
    Victoria Vetter
    23. Adult congenital heart disease
    David Celermajer
    24. Special problems in adult congenital heart disease:
    Pregnancy in the woman with Eisenmenger syndrome
    George Pantely and Victor Menashe
    Thromboembolic complications after the Fontan procedure
    George Pantely, Mark Morton and Victor Menashe
    Late systemic right ventricular failure in transposition of the great arteries
    George Pantely and Victor Menashe

    SECTION 8: SECONDARY HEART DISEASE
    SYSTEMIC DISEASES AND THE HEART
    1. Chronic renal disease
    Nikolaos Kaperonis and George Bakris
    2. Obesity
    Scott Grundy and Nicola Abate
    3. The neurogenic heart
    Arturo Tamayo and Vladimir Hachinski
    4. Endocrinology and the heart
    Sylvia Vela
    5. Rheumatologic diseases
    Carlos Roldan
    6. AIDS
    Catherine Decker, Peter Sklar and Henry Masur
    7. Cardiac tumors
    Colette Guiraudon
    8. Hematologic disease
    Stuart Hutchison and Patrick Disney
    9. Neuromuscular disease
    Benjamin Sanchez and Ileana Pina
    CARDIAC RESPONSES TO PHYSIOLOGIC STRESS
    10. Aging and geriatric heart disease
    Rose Anne Kenny and Colette Seifer
    11. Pregnancy in the heart disease patient
    Laura Collins and Pamela Douglas
    12. Athletes heart
    Barry Maron
    13. Psychological influences on the heart
    Kristina Orth-Gomer, Margaret Chesney and Gerdie Weidner
    CARDIAC RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS
    14. Trauma
    M.L. Myers, A. Cheung and William Sibbald
    15. Radiation
    Jacob Adams, Louis Constine and Stephen Lipshultz
    16. High altitude
    Stuart Hutchison
    17. Alternative cardiovascular medical therapies
    William Kostuk
    CONSULT ISSUES
    18. Perioperative evaluation of the cardiac patient
    Michael Crawford
    19. Surgery and the cardiac patient
    Dennis Mangano
    20. Employment and insurability
    William Dafoe
    21. Anticoagulation in heart disease
    Michael Ezekowitz, Abhay Dhond and Pavlo Netrebko
    22. Special problems for the cardiology consultant:
    Cocaine-induced cardiovascular disease
    Paul Tanser
    Munchausen's syndrome with cardiac manifestations
    Paul Tanser
    Behavioural modification in cardiac disease with inappropriate disability
    Paul Tanser
    Peripheral vascular disease as a predictor of significant coronary artery disease
    Paul Tanser
    Sexual dysfunction in patients with cardiac disease
    Paul Tanser
    Obesity and heart disease
    Paul Tanser
    Hypotension during hemodialysis
    Michael Crawford

    Index

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