Cancers in the Urban Environment


  • Thomas Mack, University of Southern California Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, U.S.A.

This volume, the first of its kind ever, is designed to provide both laypersons and professionals with a detailed description of the occurrence of each common form of cancer in the ethnically, socially, and environmentally complex milieu of a modern urban complex. The place is Los Angeles County, and the patterns of 72 different malignancies are described according to race, age, sex, social class calendar time (since 1972) and most notably, individual neighborhood, using detailed maps of high risk.The book permits residents to screen the malignancies and identify those of special concern locally, and to identify other communities with similar concerns. The pattern of each malignancy is briefly discussed with reference to background knowledge of causation and the degree to which the observed pattern was expected on that basis. Persons residing outside Los Angeles County will identify patterns likely to prevail in their own communities.Physicians and scientific investigators in California and elsewhere can use the material provided to counsel patients and evaluate the consistency of any specific pattern of occurrence with each specific causal hypothesis. A detailed appendix describes the source of data, provides the basis for the choices made in the production of the volume, and gives a perspective on the search for “clusters” of malignancy.
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Epidemiologists, cancer registries, cancer investigators, chronic disease investigators, environmental scientists, and local and national government public health agencies.


Book information

  • Published: June 2004
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-464351-2


"...the book is very approachable for the non-expert and shows both the complexity of geographic patterns of cancer and the ability to understand them...I would certainly recommend the book. I highly recommend the book to anyone who is interested in geographic patterns of cancer incidence and their interpretation...The book is very well written and is especially approachable for the lay reader." - Dr. Laurence Kolonel, M.D., Ph.D., Cancer Research Center of University of Hawaii at Manoa "Outstanding reference volume regarding cancer statistics in L.A. and the urban environment. Easy to read. Thumbnail summaries are useful. Outstanding reference book- every library should have a copy." -Dr. Johnathan Said, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Los Angeles, CA "...the whole book is beautifully produced. The writing style is clear and concise. I particularly appreciated the introductory sections, which provide a nice summary of the interpretation of small area statistics for non-specialists…I would warmly recommend the book to three groups of people: Health Department of L.A., who doubtless have to answer multiple queries about unusual cancer occurrences, Epidemiologists who wish to present small area health data, and Teachers of epidemiology." -Dr. D.M. Parkin, Chief, Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer "To have a source of information like this is invaluable...The coverage of topics is extremely thorough. Every conceivable cancer type has been covered. The classifications used are modern and up to date even to a pathologist who deals with these diseases continuously. I found no gaps...The book will stay on my most accessible shelf and I will use it as my most facile and accurate resource...I would certainly buy this book and keep it as a treasured cancer research reference...I will tell my students that this is a great starting place for developing new research projects and finding new causes of various types of cancer." -ParaKrama Chandrasoma, Professor of Pathology, University of Southern California (JULY 2004)

Table of Contents

Anogenital AdenocarcinomaAnogenital Squamous CarcinomaMixed Cell Genital TumorsTransitional (Non-Squamous) Bladder CarcinomaSquamous Bladder CarcinomaRenal Cell CarcinomaWilms Tumors (Nephroblastoma)RetinoblastomaBrain Malignancies (Gliomas)Spinal Cord MalignanciesNeurolemoma (Nerve Sheath Malignancy)NeuroblastomaMalignant MeningiomaFollicular Carcinoma Of The ThyroidPapillary Carcinoma Of The ThyroidOther Carcinoma Of The ThyroidPituitary CarcinomaMultiple Endocrine NeoplasiaCarcinoma Of The ThymusMixed Cellularity Hodgkin's LymphomaNodular Sclerosis Hodgkin's LymphomaOther Hodgkin's LymphomaAll Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Types)Follicular Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaDiffuse Large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaDiffuse Small Lymphocytic Or Plasmacytic B-Cell Non-Hodgkin’s LymphomaDiffuse Mixed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaHigh Grade Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaT-Cell Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaMaltoma Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaOther Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaCentral Nervous System Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Types)Stomach Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Types)Other Gastrointestinal Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Types)Lymph Node/Other Organ Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas(All Lymphoma Types)Multiple MyelomaAcute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaChronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaHairy Cell LeukemiaAcute Non-Lymphocytic LeukemiaChronic Myelocytic LeukemiaOther LeukemiasAll Malignancies Of Infants/ToddlersAll Malignancies Of ChildrenAll Malignancies Of Young AdultsAll Malignancies Of Older AdultsAll MalignanciesOverall Summary