Breastfeeding book cover

Breastfeeding

An Atlas of Diagnosis and Treatment

Breastfeeding: An illustrated guide to diagnosis and treatment will help lactation consultants, midwives, maternal and child health nurses, medical practitioners and allied health professionals care for breastfeeding mothers and their children. Even after years of practice, health care practitioners will encounter extraordinary situations - and it is precisely then that specific expertise and understanding of breastfeeding issues is critical. Illustrated with over 200 images, this unique resource provides essential information about a vast range of breastfeeding situations: Basic principles of breastfeeding knowledge according to the most recent scientific findings, including breast anatomy and physiology, correct attachment, the milk ejection reflex and breastfeeding positions; Physiological causes of breastfeeding problems such as atypical breast shapes, nipple problems or pathological changes in the breast; Breastfeeding problems associated with the child including prematurity, disability, infection or neurological impairment; and Each full colour image is supported by text providing clear diagnosis and appropriate treatment techniques.

Hardbound, 98 Pages

Published: June 2008

Imprint: Mosby

ISBN: 978-0-7295-3888-6

Contents

  • 1 Basic information about breastfeeding

    1.1. The breast before, during and after pregnancy and lactation

    1.1.1 Anatomy and physiology of the breast

    1.1.2 Adolescence

    1.1.3 Young, non-pregnant woman

    1.1.4 Pregnant

    1.1.5 Before birth

    1.1.6 Lactation

    1.1.7 Menopause

    1.2 Normal course of breastfeeding

    1.2.1 Breastfeeding initiation

    1.2.2 Sequence of a breastfeed

    1.2.3 Let-down reflex (milk ejection reflex)

    1.2.4 Infant behavioural cues

    1.2.5 Breastfeeding positions

    1.3 Breastfeeding multiple infants

    1.4 The older breastfed child

    1.5 Tandem breastfeeding

    1.6 Appearance of breast milk

    1.6.1 Colostrum

    1.6.2 Transitional milk

    1.6.3 Mature breast milk

    1.6.4 Blood in breast milk

    1.7 Elimination, stool and urine output in the newborn

    1.7.1 Meconium

    1.7.2 Transitional stools

    1.7.3 Breast milk stools

    1.7.4 Stools from formula fed infants

    1.7.5 Bloody stools

    1.7.6 Urine

    2 Breastfeeding problems and their causes

    2.1 Atypical breast shapes

    2.1.1 Asymmetric breasts

    2.1.2 Inadequate mammary gland tissue

    2.1.2 Accessory mammary gland tissue

    2.1.4 Following breast surgery

    2.2. Problematic nipple forms

    2.2.1 Flat nipples

    2.2.2 Retracted/inverted nipples

    2.2.3 Small nipples

    2.2.4 Large nipples

    2.2.5 Bifurcated or double nipples

    2.3 Pathological changes of the breast

    2.3.1 Mammary gland swelling (initial engorgement)

    2.3.2 Local engorgement (plugged ducts)

    2.3.3 Mastitis

    2.3.4 Abscess

    2.3.5 Breast cancer

    2.3.6 Nipple cancer (Paget‘s disease of the nipple)

    2.4. Pain and injury of the nipple

    2.4.1 Sore nipples

    2.4.2 Nipple fissures

    2.4.3 Candida/thrush

    2.4.4 Psoriasis

    2.4.5 Allergic reactions

    2.4.6 Virus infections – Herpes

    2.4.7 Raynaud‘s phenomenon/vasospasm

    2.4.8 Milk bleb/milk blisters

    2.4.9 Bacterial infections

    2.5 Lifestyle

    2.5.1 Tattoos

    2.5.2 Piercing

    2.6 Infants with special needs

    2.6.1 Prematurity

    2.6.2 Respiratory problems

    2.6.3 Reflux

    2.6.4 Down syndrome

    2.6.5 Neurological impairment

    2.6.6 Cephalhaematoma (caput succedaneum)

    2.6.7 Failure to thrive

    2.6.8 Cleft lip, cleft of the upper alveolar ridge (gum) and palate

    2.6.9 Pierre Robin sequence

    2.6.10 Choanal atresia and stenosis

    2.6.11 Ankyloglossia

    2.6.12 Oral candidiasis

    2.6.13 Neonatal icterus (jaundice)

    2.6.14 Cardiac defects

    2.6.15 Chylothorax

    2.6.16 Haemangioma

    3 Breastfeeding aids and alternative feeding methods

    3.1 Aids for expressing human breast milk

    3.1.1 Breast pumps

    3.1.2 Breast massage

    3.1.3 Equipment for transport and storage

    3.2 Devices for nipples


    3.2.1 Breast shells (A) for inverted nipples

    3.2.2 Breast shells (B) for protection

    3.2.3 Niplette

    3.2.4 Nipple shields

    3.3. Alternative feeding methods for the infant

    3.3.1 Cup feeding

    3.3.2 Soft feeder

    3.3.3 Spoon

    3.3.4 Pipettev
    3.3.5 Supplementary nursing system

    3.3.6 Finger feeding

    3.3.7 Haberman Feeder (Special Needs Feeder)

    3.3.8 Bottle feeding

    3.3.9 Pacifiers

    3.4 Personal hygiene and clothing

    3.4.1 Nursing pads

    3.4.2 Temperature packs

    3.4.3 Ointments

    3.4.4 Nursing bra

    Appendix

    Glossary

    References

    Addresses

    Websites

    Index

    Contents

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