Biotextiles as Medical Implants

Edited by

  • M W King
  • B S Gupta, North Carolina State University, USA
  • R Guidoin, Laval University Quebec, Canada

Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems.

This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines.
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Manufacturers, designers, and producers of textile implant materials; Professionals within the healthcare industry


Book information

  • Published: October 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • ISBN: 978-1-84569-439-5

Table of Contents

Part 1 Technologies: Manufacture, types and properties of biotextiles for medical applications; Nanofiber structures for medical biotextiles; Resorbable polymers for medical applications; Shaped biotextiles for medical implants; Surface modification of biotextiles for medical applications; Sterilization techniques for biotextiles for medical applications; Regulation of biotextiles for medical use; Retrieval studies for medical biotextiles. Part 2 Applications: Drug delivery systems using biotextiles; Types and properties of surgical sutures; Materials for absorbable and non-absorbable surgical sutures; Surgical knot performance in sutures; Barbed suture technology; Small-diameter arterial grafts using biotextiles; Vascular prostheses for open surgery; Biotextiles as percutaneous heart valves; Biotextiles as vena cava filters; Biotextiles for atrial septal defect repair; Hemostatic wound dressings; Anterior cruciate ligament prostheses using biotextiles; Endovascular prostheses for aortic aneurysms: A new era for vascular surgery.