Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle book cover

Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle

All organisms require nitrogen to live and grow. The movement of nitrogen between the atmosphere, biosphere, and geosphere in different forms is described by the nitrogen cycle. This book is an activity of the COST 856 Action on Denitrification. It covers all aspects of the N-cycle: chemistry, biology (enzymology, molecular biology), physics, applied aspects (greenhouse effect, N-pollution problems, practices in farming, in waste-water treatment, and more). In this book, leading editors offer the latest research available on dentrification (reduction of nitrates or nitrites commonly by bacteria- as in soil).

Audience
Graduate/postdoc scientists, doctoral students in the field of denitrification and the ecological balance in nitrogen and the environment.

Hardbound, 452 Pages

Published: December 2006

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-52857-5

Contents

  • I. THE BIOLOGY OF THE NITROGEN CYCLE1. FOREWORD, The editors, Hermann Bothe, Stuart J. Ferguson and William E. NewtonII. DENITRIFICATION2. INTRODUCTION TO THE BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF DENITRIFICATION, Rob JM van Spanning, David J. Richardson and Stuart J. Ferguson3. THE PROKARYOTIC NITRATE REDUCTASES, David J. Richardson, Rob van Spanning and Stuart J. Ferguson4. NITRITE REDUCTASES IN DENITRIFICATION, Serena Rinaldo and Francesca Cutruzzolà5. NITRIC OXIDE REDUCTASE: STRUCTURAL VARIATIONS AND CATALYTIC MECHANISM, Simon de Vries, Suharti and Laurice A.M. Pouvreau6. NITROUS OXIDE REDUCTASES, Walter G. Zumft and Heinz Körner 7. DENITRIFICATION IN RHIZOBIA-LEGUME SYMBIOSIS, María J. Delgado, Sergio Casella and Eulogio J. Bedmar8. THE DISSIMILATORY REDUCTION OF NITRATE TO AMMONIA BY ANAEROBIC BACTERIA, S. B. Mohan and Jeff A. ColeIII. BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION9. PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF NITROGEN FIXATION, William E. Newton10. REGULATORY CASCADES TO EXPRESS NITROGENASES, Bernd Masepohl and Karl Forchhammer11. THE RHIZOBIUM-LEGUME NITROGEN-FIXING SYMBIOSIS, Gary Stacey12. PLANT SYMBIOSES WITH FRANKIA AND CYANOBACTERIA, Katharina Pawlowski and Birgitta Bergman13. ASSOCIATIVE NITROGEN FIXATION, Anne Van Dommelen and Jos Vanderleyden 14. MEASURING N2 FIXATION IN THE FIELD, Jonathan P. Zehr and Joseph P. MontoyaIV. OTHER REACTIONS OF THE NITROGEN CYCLE15. BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF NITRIFICATION, Stuart J. Ferguson, David J. Richardson and Rob J.M. van Spanning16. THE ECOLOGY OF NITRIFYING BACTERIA, Jim I. Prosser 17. ANAMMOX, Huub J.M. Op den Camp, Mike S.M. Jetten and Marc Strous18. NITRATE ASSIMILATION IN BACTERIA, Conrado Moreno-Vivián and Enrique Flores19. NITRATE ASSIMILATION IN PLANTS, Rudolf Tischner and Werner Kaiser20. CHARACTERIZATION OF PROTEOLYTIC MICROBES AND THEIR ACTIVITIES IN SOILS, M. Mrkonjic Fuka, Monika Engel, Jean-Charles Munch and Michael SchloterV. APPLICATIONS OF REACTIONS OF THE NITROGEN CYCLE, WITH EMPHASIS ON DENITRIFICATION21. MOLECULAR TOOLS TO ASSESS THE DIVERSITY AND DENSITY OF DENITRIFYING BACTERIA IN THEIR HABITATS, Sara Hallin, Gesche Braker and Laurent Philippot22. DENITRIFICATION AND AGRICULTURE, Jean Charles Munch and Gerard L. Velthof23. DENITRIFICATION AND N-CYCLING IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMSPer Ambus and Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern24. DENITRIFICATION IN WETLANDSOswald Van Cleemput, Pascal Boeckx, Per-Eric Lindgren and Karin Tonderski25. ORGANISMS OF THE NITROGEN CYCLE UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS: LOW TEMPERATURE, SALINITY, pH AND WATER STRESS, Blaž Stres, Maria José Bonete, Rosa Maria Martínez-Espinosa, Ivan Mahne and Hermann Bothe26. N2O EMISSION AND GLOBAL CHANGES, MODELLING APPROACHES, Lars Bakken and Peter Dörsch27. INTERACTIONS AMONG ORGANISMS THAT RESULT IN ENHANCED ACTIVITIES OF N-CYCLE REACTIONS, Hermann Bothe and Harold Drake

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