Biology of Brassica CoenospeciesEdited by
- C. Gomez-Campo, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Departamento de Biología Vegetal, E.T.S. Ingenieros Agrónomos, Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid, Spain
Brassica crop species and their allies (Raphanus, Sinapis, Eruca, etc.) are important sources of edible roots, stems, leaves, buds and inflorescences, as well as of edible or industrial oils, condiments and forage. Many well known names of plants or plant products, such as kale, cabbage, brocolli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kohl-rabi, Chinese cabbage, turnip, rape, rutabaga, swede, colza or rapeseed, canola, mustard, rocket, etc. are directly associated to this botanical group.The scientific interest for this botanical group has run parallel to its economical importance, and research achievements in our days would have certainly appeared unimaginable only two decades ago. As the end of the millenium approaches, entirely new fields (transformation, somatic fusion, etc.) have been added to the classical ones. Thus, nobody can doubt the opportuneness of this book, which combines and presents both the basic and applied biological aspects of the Brassica species.
Crucifer Breeders and Researchers, Biologists, Biochemists, Agronomists
Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding
The individual chapters are written by experienced scientists in the respective fields and consequently represent state-of-the-art reviews. Since the chapters are clearly divided into relatively short paragraphs and cross-references are provided between different topics within the book, the reader can rapidly find his way even through less familiar scientific areas and methods.(...)The combination of technical information and comprehensive references make this volume a manual for all scientists involved in research with Brassicaceae.(...)
(R. Hell, Gatersleben) , Journal of Plant Physiology, 157, 461 - 466
- Taxonomy (C. Gómez-Campo). Cultivated Brassica species. B. oleracea wild relatives. The genus Brassica. Other related genera. The tribe Brassiceae. References. Origin And Domestication (C. Gómez-Campo, S. Prakash). The phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera. Domestication of cultivated brassicas and allies. References. Cytogenetics (S. Prakash, Y. Takahata, P. B. Kirti,V. L. Chopra). The Brassica coenospecies. Crop brassicas : cytogenetic architecture. Genome manipulation. Cytogenetics of wild allies: wide hybridizations. Introgression of genes. Cytoplasm divergence and genome homoeology. Chromosome addition lines. References. Somatic Hybridization (K. Glimelius). Protoplast technology. Somatic hybrids produced between different Brassica species. Intergeneric somatic hybrids within the tribe Brassiceae. Limited gene transfer via protoplast fusion. Cytological investigations of somatic hybrids using in situ hybridization. The utilization of protoplast fusion to modify the cytoplasm. Modification of cytoplasmic traits via protoplast fusion. Conclusions. References. Self-Incompatibility (M. Watanabe, K. Hinata). Morphology and physiology. Classical genetics and dominance relationships. The S-multigene family. Signal perception and signal transduction. Molecular analysis of self-compatibility. Evolutionary aspects. Related studies with future prospects. References. Male Sterility (R. Delourme, F. Budar). Genic male sterility. Cytoplasmic male sterility. Use for the production of commercial hybrids. References. Genome Structure and Mapping (C. F. Quiros). Linkage maps. Structure of the Brassica genomes. Cyclic amphiploidy and the origin and evolution of the Brassica species. Arabidopsis as a model for a simpler genome. Applications of the maps in breeding. References. Haploidy (C. E. Palmer, W. A. Keller). Historical overview. Methodology. Factors influencing microspore culture. Developmental aspects of microspore embryogenesis. Utilization of microspore-derived embryos of Brassica. Conclusions and future prospects. References. Genetic Engineering (E. D. Earle, V. C. Knauf ). Brassica species transformed. Gene transfer methods.Types of genes transferred. Field tests of transgenic plants. Legal issues. Transgenic Brassica crops now being commercialized. Future prospects. References. Chemical Composition (E. A. S. Rosa). The importance of Brassica and allies in human and animal diets. The chemical composition of Brassica crops. General components. Secondary plant metabolites: the glucosinolates.Other compounds. References. Physiology (P. Hadley and S. Pearson). Germination. Vegetative growth. The transition from vegetative to reproductive development. Hormonal control of flowering in Brassica. Progress to crop maturity. Yield determining factors. References. Diseases (J. P. Tewari and R. F. Mithen.) Blackspot or grey leaf caused by Alternaria brassicae and dark leaf spot caused by A. brassicicola. Stem canker or blackleg caused by Leptosphaeria maculans. Stem rot caused Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. White rust and staghead disease caused by Albugo candida. Light leaf spot caused by Pyrenopeziza brassicae. Downy mildew caused by Peronospora parasitica. Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium dahliae. Clubroot caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae. Other fungal diseases. References. Breeding: An Overview (H. C. Becker, H. Löptien and G. Röbbelen). Breeding objectives. Genetical resources. Operational steps for breeding. Breeding methods. Breeding results. Future developments. References. Genetic Resources (I. W. Boukema and T. J. L. van Hintum). Strategies for conservation. Availability. Summaries of Brassica genetic resources collections. Important collections. Concluding remarks. References. Subject Index.