Bioenergy - Realizing the Potential

Edited by

  • Dr. Semida Silveira, Swedish Energy Agency, Eskilstuna, Sweden

Modern bioenergy has gained increased attention in the past decade. Not only does it provide an effective option for the provision of energy services from the technical point of view, but it is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the globe. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development. Today, biomass is seen as one of the most promising renewable sources of modern energy services in the medium term. Know-how and experiences from different countries pave the way to further development of bioenergy systems.Bioenergy: Realising the Potential integrates the key technical, policy and economic issues surrounding bioenergy projects in industrialised and developing countries, with a critical focus on four major topics: • The biomass resource availability and potential • The institutions and markets development• Technical and economic enhancements • Successful examples from Europe and developing countries
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Scientists, students, researchers in the energy field. Anyone with an interest in renewable energy resources.


Book information

  • Published: July 2005
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-08-044661-5

Table of Contents

PART I Exploring the Bioenergy Potential
Chapter 1: How to realise the bioenergy prospects?
1.1 What is the news?1.2 This book1.3 Bioenergy as part of the renewable basket1.4 The turning point1.5 Taking the leap towards bioenergyReferences
Chapter 2: Biomass in Europe
2.1 Is biomass important to Europe?2.2 Biomass resources and conversion technologies2.3 The role of biomass in climate change mitigation2.4 The EU energy and agriculture policies2.5 Examples of country policies within the EU2.6 Concluding remarksReferences
Chapter 3: New challenges for bioenergy in Sweden
3.1 Bioenergy in transition3.2 Biomass utilization in Sweden3.3 Important drives affecting bioenergy utilization3.4 Four major tasks in the development of bioenergy in Sweden3.5 Concluding remarksReferences
Chapter 4: Dissemination of biomass district heating systems in Austria: lessons learned
4.1 District heating in Austria4.2 The diffusion of BMDH in Austrian villages4.3 Technology performance and qualification of professionals4.4 The socio-economic conditions of villages4.5 Economic aspects of plants4.6 The socio-cultural context4.7 The role of policies in supporting technology introduction4.8 ConclusionsReferences
PART II Managing Resources and Enhancing Biomass Production
Chapter 5: Managing fuelwood supply in the Himalayan Mountain Forests
5.1 The importance of the forest sector in mountain areas5.2 Energy services in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region5.3 Fuel from mountain forest5.4 Major issues pertaining to fuelwood5.4 Future directions for wood energy development in the HKH regionReferences
Chapter 6: Modernizing cane production to enhance the biomass base in Brazil
6.1 Biomass availability can be enhanced in Brazil6.2 The sugarcane industry as energy producer6.3 Research and technology development in sugarcane agriculture6.4 From cane burning to mechanical harvesting6.5 Towards mechanized green cane harvesting in Brazil6.6 Trash and bagasse – same source but different features6.7 Using trash and bagasse for energy purposes in different industries6.8 Realising the biomass potential in the sugar-ethanol segmentReferences
Chapter 7: Integrating forestry and energy activities in Lithuania using Swedish know-how
7.1 Bi-lateral co-operation for know-how and technology transfer7.2 Forest management in Lithuania7.3 Fuelwood utilization in Lithuania7.4 Demonstration projects in Rokiskis forests7.5 New technologies and management practices for higher productivity and reduced costs7.6 Continuing efforts in the Baltic Sea RegionReferences
PART III Promoting Bioenergy Utilization
Chapter 8: Potential for small-scale bio-fuelled district heating and CHPs in Sweden
8.1 Aiming at sustainable energy systems8.2 A method to estimate the heat demand8.3 Potential for small-scale district heating and CHP in a small region8.4 Potential for small-scale district heating in the counties of Kalmar, Örebro and Västernorrland 8.5 The potential for small-scale district heating and CHP in Sweden8.6 The benefitsReferences
Chapter 9: Co-firing biomass and natural gas – boosting power production from sugarcane residues
9.1 Why co-firing?9.2 The rationale9.3 Cases and hypotheses for simulation9.4 Simulation and feasibility results9.5 Comparison of alternatives9.7 Final remarksReferences
Chapter 10: Techno-economic feasibility of biomass-based electricity generation in Sri Lanka
10.1 Introduction10.2 Land availability10.3 Energy plantations in Sri Lanka10.4 Technology options10.5 Economic analysis10.6 ConclusionsReferences
Chapter 11: Classification of solid biofuels as a tool for market development
11.1 The need for a solid biofuel standardisation11.2 What should be standardised?11.3 Building a solid biofuel standardisation practice in Europe11.4 Quality assurance – example of straw quality improvement11.5 Final remarksReferences
PART IV Exploring Opportunities through the Clean Development Mechanism
Chapter 12: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
12.1 The challenge of mitigating climate change12.2 The concept of CDM12.3 The CDM project cycle and institutional framework12.4 Who will participate in CDM projects and why?12.5 CDM and bioenergy optionsReferences
Chapter 13: Carbon certificates as a financial tool for projects in developing countries
13.1 Introduction13.2 The behaviour of a developing country economy13.3 How financial institutions analyse risks13.4 Carbon-certificates as a risk-mitigating tool – the Plantar deal14.5 Final remarksReferences
Chapter 14: Cultivated biomass for the pig iron industry in Brazil
14.1 The Plantar project14.2 Overview of the pig iron and steel sectors in Brazil14.3 Baselines14.4 Project boundaries and leakage14.5 Environmental issues14.6 Socio-economic issuesReferences
Chapter 15: Carbon credits from co-generation with bagasse
15.1 The context of the Santa Elisa bagasse co-generation project15.2 Emerging carbon markets15.3 Co-generating with bagasse – the project milestones15.4 Additionality15.5 Project baselines15.6 Quantifying baseline carbon intensity15.7 Carbon accounting evaluation methods15.8 Lifetime of the projectReferences
Chapter 16: Wood waste co-generation in Kumasi, Ghana
16.1 The increasing energy demand in Ghana16.2 Availability of wood wastes in Ghana16.3 Feasibility of a cogeneration project in Kumasi16.4 Boundary and baseline of the CDM project16.5 Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)16.6 Outstanding issuesReferences
PART V Meeting the challenges and making a difference
Chapter 17: Bioenergy – realizing the potential now!
17.1 Beyond the barriers to bioenergy utilization17.2 Finding common ground to understand and deal with trade-offs17.3 Combining policies, technology and management to develop innovative markets17.4 Global solutions need local solutions – implementing strategies for sustainable development at project level17.5 Mobilizing forces towards sustainable energy systemsReferences