Preface.Ageing and work ability in the third millennium.New dimensions of work ability (J. Ilmarinen, K. Tuomi, J. Seitsamo).The burden of chronic diseases in the elderly (C. Vergani).How to improve the work ability of elderly workers: The European research project RESPECT (P. Knauth, D. Karl, C. Braedel-Kühner).How do elderly workers face tight time constraints? (S. Volkoff, V. Pueyo).Flexible work hours, ageing and well-being (G. Costa, S. Sartori).Working until 70, government policy, economic need and the role of ergonomics and occupational health(J.O. Crawford).Extended framework for older worker competence: Effects of cognitive complexity on performance(F. Winn, A. Bittner).Factors affecting work ability and employability.Relationships between cognitive characteristics of the job, age, and cognitive efficiency (D. Ansiau et al.).Gender differences regarding perceived difficulties at work with age (N. Barbini, R. Squadroni, M. Andreani)."This employee should stop working", says the occupational physician (C. Buisset, M.C. Bardouillet, J.L. Pommier).The role of job alienation in work ability deterioration and unhealthy ageing (D. Camerino et al.).Some considerations about aging, shift work and work ability (G. Costa).Promotion of work ability among French health care workers - value of the work ability index (M. Estryn-Behar et al.).Work ability and perceived work stress (R.G. Goedhard, W.J.A. Goedhard).Perceived work ability and individual characteristics as predictors for early exit from working life in professional cleaners (L. Hopsu et al.).Remaining in nursing work with a sustainable health (M. Josephson, E. Vingård).Shift plan reform in chemical plant POLYFELT as precondition knowledge management between generations(R. Karazman et al.).Workability and health of older academics (Ü. Kristjuhan, E. Taidre).Occupational choice and vulnerability in late life: An example of women in the USA (R. McKnight et al.).Feeling capable of remaining in the same job until retirement? (A.-F. Molinié).Chronoergonomics and WAI in Polish physicians (H. Oginska et al.).Ageing in nursing: A ten year follow up study (S. Salerno, M. Canulla, I. Figà Talamanca).Psychosocial work environment, well being and emotional exhaustion. A study comparing five age groups of female workers within the human sector (N. Santavirta, C. Kovero, S. Solovieva).Qualities of work, functioning and early retirement. A longitudinal study among Finnish ageing workers in 1981-1997 (J. Seitsamo).The development and psychometric evaluation of a multi-dimensional measurement instrument of employability - and the impact of aging (C.M. van der Heijde, B.I.J.M. van der Heijden).Evaluation of work related problems (health and performance) in elderly workers.Short-term relationships between working conditions, sleep and cognitive efficiency as a function of age (D. Ansiau et al.).Physical work capacity (VO2 max) and work ability (WAI) of active employees (men and women) in Poland(J. Bugajska et al.).Occupational categories and chronic degenerative diseases in elderly workers (U. Carbone et al.).Prevention of musculo-skeletal disorders in sedentary ageing workers by ergomotricity (A.M. Cirla et al.).The health and well-being of older construction workers (C. Deacon, J. Smallwood, T. Haupt).Immigrants with musculoskeletal disorders returning to work after a disability pension (L. Edén, G. Ejlertsson).Effects of car-navigation display positioning on older drivers' visual search (N. Itoh, A. Yamashita, M. Kawakami).Work activity and ability in ageing patients suffering from chronic cardiovasculardiseases (A. Jedryka-Góral et al.).Computerized dynamic visual tests for workplace applications: Effects of age andsubsidiary issues (R.S. Kennedy et al.).Need for recovery in ageing workers (P. Kiss, M. De Meester).Assessment of work ability in a hot environment of workers of different ages (A. Marszalek, M. Konarska, J. Bugajska).Medical care and lost work day costs in musculoskeletal disorders: Older versus younger workers (P.B. Peele, Y. Xu, A. Colombi).Task-based standards for lifeboat crew: Avoiding ageism (T. Reilly, M. Tipton).Total work and leisure-time load in relation to sickness absences in the food industry (M. Savinainen et al.).Aging of physical therapists: From musculoskeletal complaints to self-protective behaviours (R. Squadroni, N. Barbini).Employees' work ability and company performance: A follow-up study in the metal industry and in retail trade (K. Tuomi et al.).A physical model of muscle working to evaluate the work ability (G. Vermiglio et al.).Assessment of work ability in different work sectors.Life style, work environment factors and work ability in different occupations (J. Bugajska, E. Lastowiecka). Work ability index in a cohort of railway construction workers (C. Capanni et al.).Why healthcare workers ask for early retirement at a central Portuguese hospital: Work ability preliminary results (T. Cotrim et al.).Work ability in health care workers (G. Costa et al.).Assessment of work ability and vitality - a study of teachers of different age groups (G. Freude et al.).Managers' perceptions of older workers in the hotel and restaurant industry (T. Furunes, R.J. Mykletun). Can the Work Ability Index also be used by non-medical professionals? A comparative study (H. Geissler, J. Tempel, B. Geissler-Gruber).Work ability among health care workers in the United Kingdom: A pilot (N. Nachiappan, J. Harrison).The Work Ability Index (WAI) - establishment of a German WAI-network (H.-M. Hasselhorn et al.).Perceived work ability and certified sickness absence among workers in a food industry (C.-H. Nygård et al.).Predictive values of balance tests for physical work ability in fire and rescue work (A. Punakallio, S. Lusa, R. Luukkonen).Psychometric properties of Work Ability Index in the light of comparative survey study (P. Radkiewicz, M. Widerszal-Bazyl, the NEXT-Study group).Risk factors and resources of work ability in teachers and office workers (R. Seibt, L. Lützkendorf, M. Thinschmidt).Working atmosphere, work demands and work ability of the workforce in successful retail markets (J. Tempel, I. Prause, R. Heinz).Elderly workers in chemical, energetic, sanitary and public fields: Evaluation ofwork ability (L. Tobia et al.).Experiences of WAI in a random sample of the Swedish working population (M. Torgén).The effect of age and time of a 24-hour period on accidents at work in operators (K. Zuzewicz, M. Konarska).Promotion of health and work ability: socio-economic issues and intervention studies.Age related work load - a work environment intervention with a life course perspective (L. Andersson-Felé)Sociability, life satisfaction, and mental health according to age and (un)employment status (N. Burnay, P. Kiss, J. Malchaire).Changes in life-style and function in 70-83-year-old subjects participating in a 1-year strength training programme (E.M. Capodaglio, P. Capodaglio).Lifelong training: between theory and practice: The example of a French training agency (C. Gaudart, C. Delgoulet).An action research approach to work ability, health and well-being of ageing workers (A.I. Hilsen, R. Ennals).Wake up call - Human Resource Management (HRM): An orientation on company models anticipating ageing (B. Jonker, M. Ziekemeyer). Can improvement of work and work process knowledge support well-being at work? (A. Leppänen, L. Hopsu, S. Klemola).Method to evaluate the quality of work place health promotion in security organisations (S. Lusa, K. Saarinen, V. Louhevaara).Promotion of work ability at company level: Intention and performance, dreams and realities (J. Nielsen, A. Andreasen, A. Alexander).Can age management promote work ability among older workers? (B. Skoglund, C. Skoglund).Work profiles of open surface mine employees in South Africa (P.J. Smit, G. VandenBerg, M. Surmon).Promotion: Age matters (K. Smith, L. Webber).Rewarding ageing employees - means used in the public sector (M. von Bonsdorff, R. Moilanen).The value of work in younger and older adults' lives: An Australian perspective (L. Webber, K. Smith).Age diverse management and a method for age proofing jobs (M. Ziekemeyer).Author index.Keyword index.