Apparel Manufacturing Management Systems

A Computer-Oriented Approach


  • Edwin M. McPherson

A complete look at the management of an apparel manufacturing system. From upper management functions to employees on the floor, this also includes sections on information flow, marketing, preseason planning, and much much more.
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Upper and mid-level managers in the apparel industry.


Book information

  • Published: December 1987
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1141-0

Table of Contents

1. Introduction Information Technology The Information Age Information Expectations Managing Knowledge Judging a Company Industry Characteristics Equipment vs Type of Plant Operation Payroll Spectrum Shop Loading Data Gathering Functions and Equipment On-Line Systems Conclusion2. Apparel Computer Overview Introduction History of Computers Development of Computers in the Apparel Industry Computer Applications Payroll Personnel Accounting Research and Development Engineering Distribution Quality Control Purchasing Manufacturing Production Control Merchandising Customer Service Marketing The Computer System as a Functional Integrator Order Processing Style Adoption Computer Trends in the Apparel Industry Summary3. Organization Functions and Information Flow General Organization Functions Information Functions Tracking Data Movement Functions of Control for Profits Zones of Control Management Control Data4. Corporate Goals General Strategic Versus Operational Planning Mission Statement Corporate Philosophy Divisional Mission Statements Menswear Group, Slacks and Jeans Division, Manufacturing Operational Planning and Establishing Objectives Annual Plans-A Planning Schedule Example Planning and the Dynamics of ôChangeö Operations Planning-General Operations Planning-Establishing Objectives Objectives Summarizing Objectives5. Corporate Marketing Strategy Introduction Strategy Audits Marketing Response Competitive ôSourcingö (Manufacturing Options) ôInternalö Sourcing ôExternalö Sourcing Sourcing Summary Marketing and Sourcing Integration6. Preseason Planning (Merchandising/Line Planning) Introduction Establishing a Plan The Implications of Uncertainty Change and Flexibility Style Variations Cost More to Make Functional Emphases Shift Style Demands More Conflicts Arise Organization and Objectives7. Merchandising Planning, Forecasting and Controls Introduction Time-Phased Merchandising Plan Product Identification Product Development Product Line Sales Preparation The Need for Discipline Preseason Forecasting and Forecast Control Master Scheduling and Controls8. Materials Scheduliing and Utilization Introduction Material Standards Control Material Requirements Planning MRP System Organization Material Utilization-The Basis for Production Inventory Control9. Production Control-Initiating Cutting Introduction Preparing a Production Order Apparel Production Orders10. Production and Cut Planning Introduction Role of Production Planning Planning Markers Marker Objectives Ply HeightsManual Examples of Ply Height Calculation11. Plant Loading and Cost Control Introduction Preparing Bundle Lists Coupon Tickets Routing Sequences Work Flow Route Definition Reporting from the Plant Floor Reporting Time Reporting Production Monitoring Work Flow Production and Work-in-Process Report Interpreting Workflow Reports Conclusion12. Payroll Introduction Payroll Data Input Payroll Computations Source-to-Gross Pay Gross-to-Net Pay Data Base Files Created Payroll Journal Individual Operator Records Performance Efficiency Operator Performance Efficiency Operation Performance Efficiency Style Performance Efficiency Operator and Operation Cross Reference File Absenteeism Lateness and Absence Reports Absenteeism Analysis Off-Standard Activities and Excesses Off-Standard Activities Off-Standard Time Loss Report Fixed Time Loss Labor Costs Direct Labor Indirect Labor Statistics Labor Cost Analysis Production Status Cost of Producing Styles Assembling Direct Labor Costs by Style Cost Prorated to Styles Material Costs per Style High and Low Operator Performance Report13. Customer Service Introduction General Requirements Order Processing Order Entry Reports and Activity Customer Order Coding Finished Goods Allocation Allocation Reports and Activity Sales Accounting Invoicing Accounts Receivable and Credit Management Cash Application Conclusion14. Summary-Computer Controls General Inventory Management and Order Entry Financial System Manufacturing MRP/MPS Integrated Business System Summary Impact of Single Unit Processing on Systems Single or Low Unit Spreading Systems Single Unit Garment Sewing Cut/Sew Single Unit System Summary Planning Production Preseason Planning/Product Development Production Control Systems Setting Up the New System Ordering Raw Materials Conclusion