Animal Behavior book cover

Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior uses Tinbergen’s four questions-causation, survival value, ontogeny and evolution-to formulate animal behavior and impart logic to the field of scientific inquiry. Comprised of fifteen chapters, the book opens with a discussion of the physiological aspects of behavior and the intricacies of social behavior as they relate to individual animals’ behavior. After an introduction to evolution and animal behavior, the book discusses the physiological and genetic basis of behavior. It addresses behavioral homeostasis and different aspects of animal behavior, learning, and cognition. The book also connects animal behavior to neural processes, and it discusses the underlying mechanisms of communication. It also offers chapters about behavior ecology in relation to animal behavior, such as movement, foraging, self-defense, mating systems, nesting, parenting and territoriality, and social behavior. The book concludes with a chapter on conservation behavior. In presenting these topics, the book offers an accessible means of studying animal behavior, major principles, mechanisms, and controversies.

Audience

Intermediate and advanced undergraduate students in animal behavior courses

Paperback, 496 Pages

Published: February 2011

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-372581-3

Reviews

  • "Breed & Moore present an accessible introduction to behaviour that simultaneously captures the dynamic nature and diversity of the field. The text is focused on functional and evolutionary approaches to questions in behaviour, addressing only the bare bones of neural, physiological and genetic mechanisms. Thorough coverage is provided of empirical and theoretical approaches to learning and cognition, cooperation and social behaviour, foraging and movement, and sexual selection and parental care. Topical and relevant areas are emphasized, such as the intersection between conservation and behaviour, and predicting behavioural responses to climate change."--Animal Behaviour 84 (2012) 289-291


Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter 1 Of Cockroaches and Wolves: Framing Animal Behavior

    1.1 Introduction: Animal Behavior

    1.2 Wolves: Lessons in Social Behavior

    1.3 Cockroaches: Models for Animal Behavior

    1.4 The Four Questions Revisited

    1.5 Evolution: A Review

    1.6 The Study of Animal Behavior: Where Did It Come From?

    1.7 Umwelt: The World in Which Animals Behave

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 2 Neurobiology and Endocrinology for Animal Behaviorists

    2.1 Neurobiology, Endocrinology, and Sensory Systems: An Overview

    2.2 What Does an Animal Behaviorist Need to Know about Neurobiology?

    2.3 What Does an Animal Behaviorist Need to Know about Endocrinology?

    2.4 What Does an Animal Behaviorist Need to Know about Sensory Systems?

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 3 Behavioral Genetics

    3.1 Introduction: Principles of Behavioral Genetics and the Evolution of Behavior

    3.2 The Nature versus Nurture Debate

    3.3 Evolution and Behavior

    3.4 The Behavioral Genetics Toolbox

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 4 Homeostasis and Time Budgets

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Behavior and Homeostasis

    4.3 Biological Clocks and Circadian Rhythms

    4.4 Modern Concepts of Homeostatic Regulation

    4.5 Time Budgets and Trade-Offs: Balancing Demands in How Animals Budget Their Time

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 5 Learning

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Learning and Memory

    5.3 Basic Models for Learning

    5.4 Social Learning: Traditions and “Cultural” Transmission of Information in Animals

    5.5 Play, Learning, and Development

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 6 Cognition

    6.1 Introduction: What Is Cognition?

    6.2 The Concept of Self

    6.3 Thought, Foresight, and Problem Solving

    6.4 Intelligence and Social Cognition

    6.5 Personality and Behavioral Syndromes

    6.6 The Frontal Lobe and Impulse Control

    6.7 Animal Emotions

    6.8 Are Cognitive Abilities Under- or Over-Attributed to Animals?

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 7 Communication

    7.1 Introduction: Communication Theory

    7.2 The Evolution of Communication

    7.3 Modes of Communication

    7.4 Multimodal Signaling and Encoding Complex Messages

    7.5 Runaway Sexual Selection and Signaling

    7.6 Deceit versus Honest Signaling

    7.7 Game Theory and Communication

    7.8 Interspecific Signaling

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 8 Movement: Search, Navigation, Migration, and Dispersal

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Sources of Navigational Information

    8.3 Sensing the Environment in Time and Space

    8.4 How to Respond to Sensory Information: A Toolbox for Finding the Way

    8.5 Search

    8.6 Homing

    8.7 Migration

    8.8 Dispersal

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 9 Foraging

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Diet Choice and Food Selection

    9.3 How Animals Get Food

    9.4 Willing Food

    9.5 Manipulation of Prey

    9.6 Parasitic Life Cycles

    9.7 Foraging and Optimality Theory

    9.8 Optimal Patch Choice

    9.9 Optimal Prey Choice

    9.10 Nutritional Constraints

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 10 Self-Defense

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Cryptic Behavior: Camouflage

    10.3 Vigilance and Alarm

    10.4 Mimicry and Diversion

    10.5 Evasion

    10.6 Predator Deterrence and Fighting Back

    10.7 Pathogen Avoidance/Deterrence and Sickness Behavior

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 11 Mating Systems

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 The Evolution of Sex: Why Some Animals Are Called Male and Others Female

    11.3 Sexual Selection

    11.4 Variance in Mating Success

    11.5 Mate Choice

    11.6 Mating Systems: How Many Males, How Many Females?

    11.7 Hormones and Sexual Behavior

    11.8 Hormones, Territoriality, and Aggression

    11.9 Sperm Competition

    11.10 Good Genes Models for Choosing a Mate

    11.11 Forced Copulations

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 12 Nesting, Parenting, and Territoriality

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Nests and Nesting

    12.3 Parental Investment

    12.4 Patterns of Parental Care

    12.5 Hormones and Parental Behavior

    12.6 Parenting and Conflicts of Interest

    12.7 Begging and Weaning Conflict

    12.8 Sibling Conflict

    12.9 Infanticide

    12.10 Aggression and Territoriality

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 13 Social Behavior, Cooperation, and Kinship

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Altruism or Selfish Interests?

    13.3 Schools, Flocks, Hordes, and Herds

    13.4 Explaining Cooperation

    13.5 Extreme Cooperation: Eusociality

    13.6 Lack of Ecological Choice in Aid-Giving Decisions

    13.7 Social Recognition, Kin Recognition, and Cooperation with Close Relatives

    13.8 Social Symbioses

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 14 Comparative Social Behavior

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Vertebrate Social Systems

    14.3 Invertebrate Eusociality: Workers and the Division of Labor

    14.4 Invertebrate Eusociality: Queens and Reproduction

    14.5 Invertebrate Eusociality: Colony Defense

    14.6 Eusocial Invertebrates

    Summary

    Study Questions

    Chapter 15 Conservation and Behavior

    15.1 Introduction: Conservation and the Future of Animal Behavior

    15.2 Species Protection in Natural Habitats

    15.3 Extinctions and Behavior

    15.4 Reserve Design

    15.5 Captive Breeding Programs and Reintroductions

    15.6 The Human-Wildlife Interface in the Suburbs

    Summary: The Future and Conservation Behavior

    Study Questions

    Index








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