Anatomy and Human Movement book cover

Anatomy and Human Movement

Structure and function with PAGEBURST Access

Printed book plus Pageburst™ access - you will receive a printed book and access to the complete book content electronically. Pageburst™ enhances learning by not only bringing world class content to your fingertips but also letting you add to it, annotate it, and categorize it all in a way that suits you. Pageburst™ frees you to spend more time learning and less time searching.

Over the past 22 years, Anatomy and Human Movement has grown into a classic textbook, helping students to understand and remember the mechanisms which allow movement to take place. Now in its sixth edition, the approach remains the same - each section of the body is presented systematically where readers are introduced to the bones, then guided through the muscles, joints , nervous system and blood supply. Anatomy of the musculoskeletal system is brought to life through simple full colour artwork following a colour key for clarity and accuracy.

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Published: July 2012

Imprint: Churchill Livingstone

ISBN: 978-0-7020-5308-5

Contents

  • 1. INTRODUCTION

    Terminology

    Terms used in describing movement

    Nervous system

    Introduction
    Cellular structure
    Interneural connections
    Myelination
    Structure of a peripheral nerve
    The peripheral nervous system

    Components of the musculoskeletal system

    Connective tissue
    Skeletal tissue
    Muscular tissue
    Joints
    Spin, roll and slide
    Levers

    Skin and its appendages

    Introduction
    Structure
    Appendages of the skin
    Glands
    Blood supply and lymphatic drainage of the skin
    Nerves of the skin
    Application

    Early embryology

    Stages in development

    2. THE UPPER LIMB

    Introduction

    Development of the musculoskeletal system

    Mesodermal somites
    Development of the l.imbs

    Bones

    The scapula
    The clavicle
    The humerus
    The radiius
    The ulna

    The carpus
    The metacarpus
    The phalanges

    Muscles

    Movements of the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    Muscles retracting the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    Muscles protracting the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    Muscles elevating the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    Muscles laterally rotating the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    Muscles medially rotating the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    Muscles stabilizing the clavicle
    Movements of the shoulder joint
    Muscles abducting the arm at the shoulder joint
    Muscles flexing the arm at the shoulder joint
    Muscles extending the arm at the shoulder joint
    Muscles adducting the arm at the shoulder joint
    Muscles medially rotating the arm at the shoulder joint
    Muscles laterally rotating the arm at the shoulder joint
    Muscles flexing the elbow joint
    Muscles extending the elbow joint
    Muscles supinating the forearm
    Muscles pronating the forearm
    Muscles flexing the wrist
    Muscles extending the wrist
    Muscles flexing the fingers
    Muscles flexing the thumb
    Muscles extending the fingers
    Muscles extending the thumb
    Muscles abducting/adducting/opposing the thumb
    Muscles abducting/adducting/opposing the fingers
    Fasciae of the upper limb
    Simple activities of the upper limb

    Joints

    The pectoral girdle
    The sternoclavicular joint
    The acromioclavicular joint
    The shoulder joint
    The elbow joint
    Radioulnar articulations
    The superior radioulnar joint
    The inferior radioulnar joint
    The wrist
    The radiocarpal joint
    The intercarpal joints
    The midcarpal joint
    Articulations within the hand
    The metacarpophalangeal joint
    The intermetacarpal joints
    The interphalangeal joint
    Joints of the thumb
    The interphalangeal joints

    Nerve supply

    The brachial plexus
    Dermatomes of the upper limb

    Blood supply

    The arteries and pulses
    The veins

    Lymphatics

    Superficial nodes and lymph vessels
    Deep nodes and lymph vessels
    Application

    3. THE LOWER LIMB

    Introduction

    Development of the musculoskeletal system

    Mesodermal somites
    Development of the limbs

    Bones

    Pelvic girdle
    The innominate (hip) bone
    The sacrum
    The coccyx
    The femur
    The patella
    The tibia
    The fibula
    The bony structure of the foot
    The tarsal bones
    The metatarsals
    The phalanges

    Muscles

    Muscles around the hip joint
    Muscles extending the hip joint
    Muscles abducting the hip joint
    Muscles adducting the hip joint
    Muscles flexing the hip joint
    Muscles medially rotating the hip joint
    Muscles laterally rotating the hip joint
    Muscles producing movement of the knee joint
    Muscles flexing the knee joint
    Muscles extending the knee joint
    Muscles laterally rotating the tibia at the knee joint
    Muscles medially rotating the tibia at the knee joint
    Muscles plantarflexing the ankle joint
    Muscles dorsiflexing the ankle joint
    Muscles inverting the foot
    Muscles everting the foot
    Muscles extending the toes
    Muscles flexing the toes
    Abduction and adduction of the toes
    Muscles abducting the toes
    Muscles adducting the toes
    Fasciae of the lower limb
    Simple activities of the lower limb

    Joints

    Joints of the pelvis
    The sacroiliac joint
    The symphysis pubis
    The lumbosacral joint
    The sacrococcygeal joint
    The hip joint
    The knee joint
    Tibiofibular articulations
    The ankle joint
    Joints of the foot

    Nerve supply

    Introduction
    The lumbar plexus
    The lumbosacral plexus

    The sacral plexus

    Dermatomes of the lower limb

    Blood supply

    The arteries
    The veins

    Lymphatics

    Superficial drainage
    Deep drainage

    4. THE TRUNK AND NECK

    Introduction

    Embryological development of the vertebrae
    The vertebral column

    Bones

    Lumbar vertebrae
    Thoracic vertebrae
    Cervical vertebrae
    The vertebral column
    The thoracic cage
    The ribs
    The sternum

    Muscles

    Muscles producing movements of the trunk and thorax
    Muscles flexing the trunk
    Muscles extending the trunk
    Muscles rotating the trunk
    Muscles laterally flexing the trunk
    Muscles raising intra-abdominal pressure
    The inguinal canal
    Muscles of the pelvic floor
    Muscles producing inspiration
    Muscles producing expiration
    Fasciae of the trunk
    Simple activities of the trunk
    Muscles of the neck
    Muscles flexing the neck
    Muscles flexing the head and neck
    Muscles flexing the head on the neck
    Muscles laterally flexing the neck
    Muscles laterally flexing the head and neck
    Muscles laterally flexing the head on the neck
    Muscles extending the neck
    Muscles extending the head and neck
    Muscles extending the head on the neck
    Muscles rotating the neck
    Muscles rotating the head and neck
    Muscles rotating the head on the neck

    Joints

    Articulations of the vertebral column
    Joints between vertebral bodies
    The uncovertebral joints
    Joints between vertebral arches
    The zygapophyseal joints
    The atlantoaxial articulations
    The atlanto-occipital joint
    Joints of the thorax
    Articulations of the ribs and their costal cartilages

    Nerve supply

    The cervical plexus
    The spinal cord
    The autonomic nervous system

    The cardiovascular system

    Introduction
    Development
    The heart
    The great vessels

    The respiratory system

    Introduction
    Development
    Upper respiratory tract
    The lungs and pleura

    The digestive system

    Introduction
    Development
    Oral cavity
    Pharynx and oesophagus
    Abdomen and pelvis
    Abdominal regions
    Chewing and swallowing

    The urogenital system

    Introduction
    Development of the urinary system
    The urinary system
    Development of genital system
    Female reproductive system

    The endocrine system

    Glands

    5. HEAD AND BRAIN

    Bones

    Introduction
    The skull
    The mandible
    The hyoid bone

    Muscles

    Muscles which change the shape of the face
    Movements of the eyebrows
    Muscles around the eye
    Muscles around the nose
    Muscles around the mouth
    Muscles moving the mandible
    Muscles elevating the mandible
    Muscles retracting the mandible
    Muscles protracting the mandible
    Muscles depressing the mandible
    Muscles depressing the hyoid bone
    Muscles elevating the hyoid bone
    Mastication and swallowing (deglutition)

    Joints

    The temporomandibular joint

    The ear, eye and brain

    The ear
    The eye
    The brain 

    INDEX

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