Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle book cover

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called "emerging" contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are constantly being introduced into the environment, mainly as a result of the manufacturing process. Over time, this level of chemical input may lead to long-term concentrations and promote continual, but unnoticed adverse effects on aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle discusses state-of-the-art analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples while reviewing the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle (elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment). Focus is given to the newest developments in the treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes.

Audience
Chemistry students (undergraduate/graduate), analytical and environmental chemists, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers, risk assessors, and policy makers

Hardbound, 600 Pages

Published: September 2007

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-53052-3

Contents

  • Proposed Contents1. Introduction: Pharmaceuticals in the Environment 2. Analysis of Pharmaceuticals as Environmental Contaminants 3. Fate and Occurrence of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle 4. Removal of Pharmaceuticals 5. Conclusions and Needs for Future Research

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