American Trypanosomiasis

Chagas Disease One Hundred Years of Research

Edited by

  • Jenny Telleria, Genetics and Infection of Infectious Diseases Laboratory, IRD Center, Montpellier, France
  • Michel Tibayrenc, Genetics and Infection of Infectious Diseases Laboratory, IRD Center, Montpellier, France

Chagas disease causes severe socioeconomic impact and a high medical cost in Latin America. WHO and the World Bank consider Chagas disease as the fourth most transmittable disease to have a major impact on public health in Latin America: 120 million persons are potentially exposed, 16 to 18 million of whom are presently infected, causing 45,000 to 50,000 deaths per year. It has been calculated that approximately 2.4 million potential working years are lost because of incapacity and mortality due to the disease, for an annual cost estimated at 20 billion Euros. This book provides a comprehensive overview of Chagas disease and discusses the latest discoveries concerning the three elements that compose the transmission chain of the disease:

  • The host: human and mammalian reservoirs
  • The insect vectors: domestic and sylvatic vectors
  • The causative parasite: Trypanosoma cruzi

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Audience

Researchers in parasitology, tropical medicine and public health

 

Book information

  • Published: September 2010
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-384876-5


Table of Contents

PART I - GENERAL ASPECTS

1. History of the discovery of the American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease)

Tania Araujo-Jorge, Jenny Telleria, and Jaime Rios Dalenz

2. Chagas disease in pre-Colombian civilizations

Felipe Guhl and Arthur Aufderheide

3. Social and Medical aspects: morbidity and mortality in the general population

João Carlos Pinto Dias and Christopher John Schofield

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4. Current trends and future prospects for control of Chagas disease

Álvaro Moncayo and Antonio Carlos Silveira

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5. Geographical distribution of Chagas disease

James S. Patterson and Felipe Guhl

PART II - INSECT VECTORS

6. Classification and Phylogeny of the Triatominae

Maria Dolores Bargues, Chris Schofield and Jean-Pierre Dujardin

7. Biology of Triatominae

François Noireau and Jean-Pierre Dujardin

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8. Population Genetics of Triatomines

Fernando Monteiro, Paula Marcet and Patricia Dorn

9. Geographical distribution of Triatominae vectors in America

David Gorla and François Noireau

10. Control strategies against Triatominae

D.E.Gorla, C.Ponce, J-P.Dujardin and C.J.Schofield

PART III - NON-HUMAN MAMMALIAN HOSTS

11. Domestic and wild mammalian reservoirs

Ana Maria Jansen and André Luiz Rodrigues Roque

12. Veterinary aspects and experimental studies

Marc Desquesnes and Marta de Lana

PART IV - THE CAUSATIVE AGENT: TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI

13. Classification and phylogeny of Trypanosoma cruzi

Patrick B. Hamilton and Jamie R. Stevens

14. Biology of Trypanosoma cruzi and biological diversity

Marta de Lana and Evandro Marques de Menezes Machado

15. Biochemistry of Trypanosoma cruzi

Roberto Docampo and Silvia N. J. Moreno

16. Ultrastructure of Trypanosoma cruzi and its Interaction with Host Cells

Wanderley de Souza, Tecia Ulisses de Carvalho, Emile Santos Barrias

17. Genetics of Trypanosoma cruzi

Sub-chapter: Nuclear genome

Daniella C. Bartholomeu, Gregory A. Buck, Santuza M. R. Teixeira, Najib M. A. El- Sayed

Sub-chapter: Kinetoplast genome

Jenny Telleria, Michal Svoboda

18. Experimental and Natural recombination in Trypanosoma cruzi

Michael D. Lewis, Martin S. Llewellyn, Matthew Yeo, Michael A. Miles

19. Reticulate Evolution in Trypanosoma cruzi: medical and epidemiological implications

Michel Tibayrenc, Christian Barnabé and Jenny Telleria

20. Implications of Trypanosoma cruzi intraspecific diversity in the pathogenesis of Chagas Disease

Andrea Macedo

PART V - MODES OF TRANSMISSION

21. Vector transmission

Simone Frédérique Brenière, Christine Aznar and Mireille Hontebeyrie

22. Maternal-fetal transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi

Yves Carlier and Carine Truyens

23. Other forms of transmission

Mireille Hontebeyrie, Simone Frédérique Brenière and Christine Aznar

PART VI - IMMUNOLOGY: HOST-PARASITE INTERACTION

24. Protective host response to parasite and its limitations

Carine Truyens and Yves Carlier

25. Pathological consequences of host response to parasite

Mireille Hontebeyrie , Carine Truyens and Simone Frédérique Brenière

26. Human genetic susceptibility to Chagas disease

Michel Tibayrenc

PART VII - PATHOLOGY, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

27. Clinical phases and forms of Chagas’ disease

Joffre Marcondes de Rezende, Anis Rassi, Alejandro O. Luquetti and Anis Rassi Junior

28. Diagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi infection

Alejandro O. Luquetti and Gabriel A. Schmuñis

29. AIDS and Chagas’ disease

Marcelo Corti, María F. Villafañe

30. Treatment of Chagas disease

Werner Apt

31. Vaccine development for Chagas disease

Angel Marcelo Padilla, Cecilia Perez Brandan and Miguel Angel Basombrío