1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection - Users' Edition
Annals of the ICRP Volume 21/1-3By
- . ICRP
The International Commission on Radiological Protection issued its last basic recommendations in 1977. The recommendations have been used widely throughout the world to limit exposure of both radiation workers and members of the public to ionising radiation. Supplementary statements to the 1977 recommendations were issued when necessary by the Commission, but developments in the last few years have made it necessary to issue a completely new set of recommendations, officially adopted in November 1990. In publishing these recommendations, the Commission has had three aims in mind: to take account of new biological information and of trends in the setting of safety standards; to improve the presentation of the recommendations; and to maintain as much stability in the recommendations as is consistent with the new information. In order to make the 1990 recommendations more accessible to individuals, this Users' Edition contains the main text of the original recommendations, which includes sufficient explanatory material to make clear the underlying reasons for policy makers, but omits the annexes, which contained detailed scientific information on specific points for specialists. The index has been improved and made more comprehensive.
For regulatory and advisory agencies at national, regional and international levels; design, operational and industrial management bodies with responsibilities for radiological protection at local level; professional staff used as advisors; and individuals, such as workers in medicine and dentistry, who have to make decisions about the use of ionising radiation.
International Commission on Radiological Protection
Published: September 1992
This 'Users' Edition' of the latest recommendations of the ICRP is a new departure for the Commission and will prove an invaluable aid for those working in the regulatory or operational fields and requiring reference to the recommendations... The 'Users' Edition' includes an extensive index which will enable the reader to identify easily all paragraphs relevant to a particular topic. This will prove particularly useful to those involved in applying the new dosimetric quantities and concepts, such as dose constraint and practices... It is highly recommended and the reviewer anticipates that most copies will become well thumbed on a very short timescale.
H. Macdonald, Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Volume 4, Number 2, 1993
- Introduction. The history of the Commission. The development of the Commission's recommendations. The aims of this report. The scope of the Commission's recommendations.
Quantities Used in Radiological Protection.
Introduction. Basic dosimetric quantities. Subsidiary dosimetric quantities. Other quantities.
Biological Aspects of Radiological Protection.
Introduction. The biological effects of ionising radiation. The concept of detriment. Quantitative estimates of the consequences of radiation exposures. Tissue weighting factors.
The Conceptual Framework of Radiological Protection.
The basic framework. The system of radiological protection. Radiological protection in proposed and continuing practices. Radiological protection by intervention. The assessment of the effectiveness of a system of protection.
The System of Protection for Proposed and Continuing Practices.
Types of exposure. The application of the system of protection. The system of protection in occupational exposure. The system of protection in medical exposure. The system of protection in public exposure. Potential exposures. Interactive situations.
The System of Protection in Intervention.
The basis of intervention in public exposure. Situations in which remedial action may be needed. Accidents and emergencies.
Implementation of the Commission's Recommendations.
Responsibility and authority. The recommendations of the Commission. Regulatory requirements. Management requirements. The assessment of doses. Compliance with the intended standard of protection. Emergency planning. Exclusion and exemption from regulatory control.
Summary of Recommendations. Subject Index.