Open access license policy

We are continuously working with our authors to provide the best range and choice of user license options which define how readers can reuse open access articles published on our platforms such as ScienceDirect.

There are two distinct types of licenses which need to be defined during the open access publication process:

For all open access articles, published in either an Elsevier Open Access journal or in one of our established journals which support open access, Elsevier offers a selection of Creative Commons user licenses. The choice is dependent on the journal in which you choose publish. Please refer to the journal's homepage for specific details.

creative commons logoHow to choose a license

It is important to understand what each user license permits and to check if your funding body requires a specific license. Once selected, Creative Commons licenses are non-revocable. For further details about what to consider before selecting a license see the Creative Commons website.

Below is a quick reference guide of the permitted reuse of your article by readers on our platforms such as ScienceDirect under the different user license options available:

User License Read, print & download Redistribute  or republish the final article (e.g. display in a repository) Text & data mine
Translate the article
Reuse portions or extracts from the article in other works 'Sell ' or re-use for "commercial purposes"
CC BY

  Yes

Yes
Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 
CC BY NC SA  Yes Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  No
CC BY NC ND  Yes Yes  No No No* No
Elsevier user license  Yes No
Yes  Yes No
No
Please note:
For authors publishing gold open access your Accepted Author Manuscript (AAM) and Preprint will also be governed by the same user license you have chosen for your final published journal article.  For CC BY-NC-SA and CC BY-NC-ND and for the Elsevier user license permitted 3rd party reuse of open access articles is only applicable for non-commercial purposes. For further details on the rights granted to Elsevier see our copyright information.

*Except for the author, who under retains the right to make derivative uses for scholarly purposes.

Elsevier also provides access to archived material through our Open Archives. Articles which are part of an open archive are made freely available from ScienceDirect after an embargo period which begins from the final publication date of the article. For these articles we use an Elsevier user license.

Elsevier has a Green Open Access policy, which outlines how authors can self-archive their accepted author manuscript (AAM) or preprint on their personal website or institutional repository.


When an institution has an open access policy or mandate that requires authors to post, and an agreement with Elsevier to use journal specific embargo periods which typically range from 12-24 months, then they can also facilitate author self-archiving.