User licenses offered by Elsevier

The following are user licenses are offered by Elsevier and apply to articles which are free to access from ScienceDirect and other Elsevier platforms. The user licenses define how readers and the general public can use the article without needing further permissions.


Current user license selection

 

Type of user licenseReuse
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY)

Allows users to copy, to create extracts, abstracts and new works from the Article, to alter and revise the Article, and to make commercial use of the Article (including reuse and/or resale of the Article by commercial entities), provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes were made and the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work.

Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivs 4.0 (CC BY - NC - ND)

Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purpose s, and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work.

Creative Commons Attribution -Non Commercial - ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY - NC - SA)

Allows users to copy, to create extracts, abstracts and new works from the Article, to alter and revise the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes, and that the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes were made and the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. Further, any new works must be made available on the same conditions.

Elsevier user license

Articles published under an Elsevier user license are protected by copyright and may be used for non-commercial purposes. Users may access, download, copy, translate, text mine and data mine the articles.


Other licenses used on Elsevier platforms

 

Type of user licenseReuse
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC-BY)

Let's others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation.

Creative Commons Attribution -Non Commercial - ShareAlike 3.0 (CC BY - NC - SA)

For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text and data mine the article, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation, and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC BY NC SA)

Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivs 3.0 (CC BY - NC - ND)

For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.